The following are many fascinating facts about the origin of IPA:
01. The term “India Pale Ale”, believe it or not, was first used by an Australian newspaper (the Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser) in 1829 to refer to the highly hopped beer. The hop itself is an amazing sticky dark “Vegemite” mass with an intoxicating aroma of passion fruit and golden syrup. .
02. India pale ale (IPA) became popular because of East India company operating in India in the 18th and 19th centuries. First introduced in the earthly century, IPA satisfied the needs of the British beer lovers and the military people with the company and later in the Rj.
03. There were many kinds of British beer available on the market in England, but none was suitable to wet the parched throat of the British soldiers and others working in tropical India. Part of the reason was those beer varieties were quite suitable to the subtropical or cold regions, but unfit for India's hot climate.
04. The various beer types were not robust enough to survive the long difficult journey - roughly 4 to 5 months on the rough high seas from England to India. They had poor shelf life, besides poor quality of beer barrels that had to withstand rolling and bumbling during the transit on the rough sea
06. After countless experiments in England, the English brewers introduced highly hopped beer that was good enough to survive the long sea journey to India and retain the enticing flavor. The credit goes to Bow Brewery of England who by about 1787 came up with IPA most suitable to India.
|Previously Dyer brewery, Kasauli, India en.wikipedia.org|
Moving over to India from England in the late 1820s, Edward Abraham Dyer, a trained engineer and father of Jallianwalla Bagh (Punjab) massacre (April 1919) fame Brig. Gen Reginald Dyer had set up the first brewery in India (later incorporated as Dyer Breweries in 1855) at Kasauli in the Himalayas.
08. So, Edward Dyer takes the distinction being the first person from Scotland to have opened the distillery - the oldest one for 'scotch whisky' in Asia. He himself took special efforts to have brought the needed equipment for brewing and distilling from England and Scotland in the early 19th century.
09. Billed as Asia's first beer, Lion beer launched by the Kasauli brewery was in great demand and became a popular brew. It took care of the beer needs of the thirsty British administrators and troops who were toiling in the sweltering heat of India to make fast bucks.
10. Lion brand was much appreciated as a beer, and one famous poster featured a satisfied British Tommy declaring, "as good as back home!".
11. Dyer Brewery managed by Edward Dyer accounted for the production taking care of 37% of total production in the Indian subcontinent. In 1876 Dyer Brewery got a special award for excellence in the USA.
12. The abundant supply of fresh spring water near Solan close to the British summer capital Shimla (now the capital of Himachal Pradesh) attracted Ed Dyer who moved his brewery to this hilly place.
14. During the same period, another entrepreneur, H. G. Meakin made a foray into the brewery industry in India and in 1887 bought the old Shimla and Solan Breweries from Edward Dyer. He also started more units at Ranikhet, Dalhousie, Chakrata, Darjeeling, Kirkee and Nuwara Eliya (Sri Lanka, formerly Ceylon).
15. With the mushrooming of social clubs, parties and growth of additional garrisons, in 1892 out of 4,831,127 gallons of beer produced in India, 2,748,365 gallons were purchased by commissariat mainly for the British soldiers to subdue their stressed life and dejection and rest was left for consumption by the civilian population.
16. Mohan-Meakin brewery was established in 1855 under the name Dyer Breweries in view of Dyer's pioneering work on brewery in the Indian subcontinent.
17. The First World War saw the merger between two British breweries in India - Meakin and Dyer and in the 1930s; the company was reorganized with its Indian assets as Dyer Meakin Breweries, a public company on the London Stock Exchange.
18. Soon after India's freedom in August 1947, businessman Narendra Nath Mohan acquired a majority stake in Dyer Meakin Breweries and in 1949 it came under his management. Later he opened several units at many places and the company's name was changed to Mohan Meakin Breweries in 1967.
19. Yet another interesting fact is a wide-spread uprising by the frustrated Indians against the arrogant and oppressive East India company rule - the Great Rebellion of 1857 caused August Schell to abandon his brewery (American company - Founded in 1860) and flee the area. Many white settlers were killed and over 400 homes and buildings burned down by the mobs, but Schell's brewery remained standing and unaffected, due to Mrs. Schell's charity and kindness toward the Indians in the years prior to the uprising.