|Edward Dyer's Lion Brand www.quora.com|
|Traditional beer vats in Meghalaya, NE India.en.wikipedia.org/|
Chanakya, also known as Kautilya or Vishnu Gupta
( 350 BCE -275 BCE - a great teacher and advisor of Chandragupta Maurya and author of the ancient Indian political treatise called ''Arthasastra''), mentioned two intoxicating beverages made from rice called ''Medaka'' and ''Prasanna.'' Long before the arrival of Europeans in India, Indian tribes were known to prepare beer from rice called ''handia''and also from mullets.
|Oldest beer company,India.en.wikipedia.org|
|British Bob and his favorite brew? drink-milk.net|
Large scale production of alcohol became a necessity to quench the thirst of the British soldiers who were ravaged by the tropical sun, severe monsoon rains and dangerous mosquito bites. They definitely needed a change from monotony and mundane solitary existence, and more participation on the social circuit or clubs for companionship and entertainment. Having a favorable brew at the social gatherings would definitely give them more enjoyment and relaxation.
|7 - Christmas cartoons|
Do you know the man who provided a break for the British Sahibs to unload their frustration and stressful life over a keg of beer ? In 1830, Edward Dyer, the father of famous mass killer of 1000 plus innocent Indians - Brig. Gen. Reginald Dyer at Jallianwalla Bagh (April 13, 1919), Amritsar, Punjab came to India and set the up India's first brewery in Kasauli in the Himalayan foot hills. It produced the beer brand Lion in 1835. The business was not good. After learning the techniques of brewery back in England, he returned to India and started a brewery in Kasauli. After his success, he became one of the partners of Murree Brewing company in the Pir Panjal range near Rawalpindi (now in Pakistan). Here, on the 9th of October, 1864 Reginald (Dyer), the youngest son and 6th child of Edward Dyer and Mary was born and from the beginning the family used to call him Rex. In the same year Edward became the MD of that company. After a stint there, he shifted to Solan near Shimla (now Capital of Himachal Pradesh, India) with his family. In 1885, he started a company called Dyer Breweries. Additional breweries were added across the subcontinent to meet the growing demand among the Europeans. Later, H.G. Meakin acquired the Solan brewery and added some more and sold the drink under Dyer-Meakin & Company. By 1882, there were 11 breweries in India and later the number rose to 25 in 1889.
|7 - Christmas cartoons|
|Murree (now in Pakistan) brewery, Murree.www.softserv-intl.com|
Indian Summer is no exception to that urban myth. But then we diverge: using an Australian hop (Galaxy) to provide the hoppiness and bitterness. The tenuous excuse for this is that the term “India Pale Ale” was first used in an Australian newspaper (the Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser) in 1829. The hop itself is an amazing sticky dark “vegemite” mass with an intoxicating aroma of passion fruit and golden syrup. I just love brewing with it.
The beer is assertively hoppy with aromas of stone fruit. As rich as a bitter but just MORE.
It is a beer to be served cool with strong flavored foods (game pie, red meats, sausages, cheese (especially strong smelly ones) and that Australian/American/British/Indian favourite".
|13 - Drawing cartoons|
In the year 1892, out of 4,831,127 gallons of beer produced in India, 2,748,365 gallons were purchased by commissariat mainly for the British soldiers to subdue their stressed life and pangs of separation from their families in England and rest was left for consumption by the civilian population.
Dyer Meakin Breweries in India were acquired by Indian businessman N.N. Mohan and was listed on the London Stock Exchange in 1949. The company's name changed to Mohan Meakin Breweries after 1967.
01.According well-known biologist J. B. S. Haldane, consumption of local rice beer-brewed by the Indian natives had some medicinal properties and this checked the spread of diseases like Beriberi (refers to a cluster of symptoms caused primarily by a nutritional deficit in vitamin B1- thiamine) among them.
02. Drinking local rice beer is still in practice now, and recently Indian government and social workers have been trying hard to curb the abuse of alcohol among the tribes.
03. A wide-spread uprising by the frustrated Indians against the arrogant and oppressive East India company rule - Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 caused August Schell to abandon his brewery (American company - Founded in1860) and flee the area. Many white settlers were killed and over 400 homes and buildings burned, but Schell's brewery remained standing, due to Mrs. Schell's charity and kindness to the Indians in the years prior to the uprising.
Now these villagers are facing another problem - nightmares over the risk of jumbos running amok after a round of their strong brew!!
http://indiabrew.blogspot.in/2007/04/history-of-beer-in-india.html --- Thursday, April 19, 2007
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beer_in_IndiaTraditional beer vats in Meghalaya www.quora.com Edward Dyer's