|named after job Charnock. Charnokite rock. Sandatlas|
|Job Charnock , founder of Calcutta?Amazing Kolkata|
|Mausoleum of Job Charnock. St. John's Kolkata. Wikimedia Commons|
|Charnikite outcrop location, Chennai.livehistoryindia.com|
The charnockite is a non-foliated rock normally formed under relatively high temperatures and pressures. This kind of combination of forces prevails deep in the crust where tectonic forces operate on a large scale. Charnockite is a form of granofels and is a product of regional, rather than contact, metamorphism. Various studies point out that this type of pink granite (Which has lot of potassium) is formed mostly from the granite group of rocks, This rock is distributed widely in India, Ceylon, Madagascar and Africa. In his article published in Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal in 1893, Holland wrote: "As this is a new type of rock and modifications of it occur by the introduction of accessory minerals, I would suggest for it the name Charnokite in honor of the founder of Calcutta who was unconscious means of bringing the first specimen of the interesting rock to the capital"
pointed out there is no justification to give credit to one man (Job Charnock) for the creation of the city of Calcutta.
Charnock died in Calcutta on 10 January 1692 (or 1693 according to an exhibition at the Victoria Memorial, Calcutta soon after the death of his son. His three surviving daughters all remained in Calcutta and settled down there. One of them married the first president of Bengal, Sir Charles Eyre. who erected in 1695 a mausoleum over Charnock's simple grave. It is in the graveyard of St. John's Church, the second oldest Protestant church in Calcutta after John Zacharias Kiernander's Old Mission Church (1770), and is now regarded as a national monument. His tomb is made of pink granite which was later named after him. It is inscribed with the Latin epitaph:ll