|Mythological concept of God Vishnu, drik panchang.com|
|Hinduism, Trinity Gods. nilayashokshah.wordpress.com|
In Hinduism there are three basic concepts essential for the survival of human life and the universe. The cyclic nature of this aspect has scientific connotations. They are creation, preservation and destruction. The universe and the earth obey this cyclic natural process and the earth, in particular, goes through all the three phases. This process may be slow or fast, depending on the nature's play and emerging circumstances then and there. These three acts are related to three Hindu gods called Trinity Gods. Brahma takes care of t he creation, Vishnu is for protection and preservation and Shiva is in charge of destruction. With reference to Shiva's work, it is not total annihilation, it involves transformation of one state into another. Tree is destroyed and buried underground, through the geologic process for a long period time, buried trees are transformed into coal. Among the trinity gods, Vishnu is credited with giving salvation to people, besides protecting them and others and' offering sustenance. When lawlessness prevails on earth, Vishnu is supposed to to incarnate as ''Kalki'' to restore order by eliminating the evil forces and protecting the good.
Since protection and preservation is a laborious task, God Vishnu is supposedly taking rest between his work. Invariably, God Vishnu's idol is portrayed as being in a yogic sleep called Sayanam.on the coiled bed of serpent called Adishsha in the Paarkkadal,Ksheera Sagara (Ocean of Milk; symbolically it represents the ocean of knowledge);.and the idol is referred to as Syana murthy. His sleep is called Yoga Nidra (Sleeping posture in Yoga) or Ari Thuyil (in Tamil-sleeping while being aware of everything). The serpent represents cosmic energy and the postures by the God represent cosmic balance between finite and infinite.
This kind of reclining posture of Sri Vishnu is quite familiar, examples: Srirangam Ranganathar (TN), Srirangapatna Ranganathar, (Karnataka), Sri Padmanabha Swamy of Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala) Vadapathra sayee of Srivilliputhur(TN) etc..
The classification of Yoga Nidra/reclining pose of Lord Vishnu is based on the attitude, position of legs, hands, etc., and the attributes. They are: Ardha sayanam, Yogasayanam, Virasayanam and Bhogasayanam, etc .
Ardhasayana Vishnu: Vishnu is lying on the coiled serpent Adisheha with his right arm placed on the pillow and the other hand stretched down and left leg with a slight bend.
Bhogasayanam In this posture Sri Vishnu's consorts Sri Devi and Bhoo Devi are on either side of his holy feet.; the latter close to the feet. The space between the two legs is set according to the Sastras. Ex .SrirangamThiruvellore,Thirukkottiyur-in twenty Places
Yogasayanam: The deity is seen reclining on the serpent bed with right arm on the pillow and left arm a little close to the waist. The right leg is stretched straight while the left leg a bit is bent gracefully. His eyes are half open symbolic of meditative attitude,This posture goes by other name it is known as Ardhartha sayanam .
Virasayanam: In this posture. the God is lying on the snake bed with the right arm on the pillow, the left stretched. But his two upper hands hold his distinctive attribute - conch (Sangu) and magical disc (Chakra).
Uthara Sayanam: Uthara Sayanam: God Vishnu is reclining on a raised serpent bed. He is trying to wake up from the bed. Example. Sarangapani Temple, Kumbakonam (Thanjavur Dist)..
The other sayanams are:
Annatha sayanam: Deity is lying on the serpent bed of Ananta. It represents cosmic balance between finite and infinite. ex. Padmanabha Swamy temple, Thiruvantha Puram, Kerala.
Vadabadra Sayanam, Nidra murthy Vadabadra sayee (the deity has a separate shrine), Srivilliputtur, Tamil Nadu.
Veera Sayanam at Thiruindalur near Mayuram (Myiladuthurai), Tamil Nadu.
|Anantha Sayana Vishu. hindupad.com|
|Anantha sayanam,Padmanabha Swamy temple, TV.Puram. Kerala vaikhari.org|
Annatha sayanam: Deity is lying on the coiled bed of serpent Ananta, symbolic of cosmic balance of infinity and finity.
|Uthara sayanam, Kumbakonam Sarangapani temple. indianmandirs.blogspot.com/|
| ,Moolavar. image(not availabe) Srivilliputhur Andal temple, TN. speakingtree.in/blog/|
|Veera sayanam. Parmala Perumal, Mayavaram. dinamalar.com|
|Srirangam, TN, Raganathar idol in Boga sayanam, en.wikipedia.org|
|Chidambaram, TN., Yoga sayanam. Govindaraja Perumal belessing on the net.com|