Thursday, 20 June 2019

Mahboob Chowk Clock Tower, Hyderabad, India - a simple and impressive heritage structure

Mahboob Chowk Clock Tower  Hyderabad, India.
Considered to be an important part of Hyderabad architectural heritage, Mahboob Chowk Clock Tower is a five-storied  tall clock tower  that  was built in 1892 by Asman Jah, a palgah noble and  Prime Minister of Hyderabad (1887-94).  It was built in Indo-European style with a four-faced, free-standing structure,  diminishing in elevation and plan  from the ground up. It is in the   middle of a big  elevated garden  named after Mir Mahboob Ali Khan, sixth Nizam. It was a gift to the commoners to keep track of the time as there were no wrist watches or table clocks in those days. The Clock Tower, Mahboob Chowk was awarded the INTACH Heritage Award in 2008.

Until recently this 127 year old clock tower  was in a state of neglect and decay. It became a hangout for the hobos, junkies and drunks. The plastering  on the tower was peeling  off and there was a thick growth of vegetation sprouting from the cracks. One could see the growth of moss all around the structure. Now, this heritage structure is back to glory and  in October 2018, the clock started ticking after a long gap. Thanks to the restoration work undertaken by GHMC as part of the Charminar Pedestrian Project (CPP).

The five major clock towers in the city, namely the ones at Moazzam Jahi Market, Shah Ali Banda, Monda Market, Sultan Bazaar and Mahboob Chowk, have been lying defunct for  several years.  The GHMC began the restoration work  on Mahboob Chowk Clock Tower after several,complaints. 
Mahboob Chowk Clock Tower  Hyderabad,
The lower two parts have  cantilevered balconies all around the tower wall supported by  Qutub Shahi style brackets with low intricately wrought metal railings.  The architectural attractions are the Clerestory windows above the door openings, the base in dressed granite with a small central portion in stucco  and an arch on top.  In another part/ stage the corners are decorated with slender detached Corinthian columns and the finial is a cupola of smooth stucco plaster resting on an octagonal base.

Mahboob Chowk Clock Tower  Hyderabad,
Located in the midst of a garden, the clock tower has four clocks on four sides. So, one could see time from any direction. The clock tower is designed in the Turkish style. Lots of people visit this place as it is close to the Charminar and  Laad Bazaar. The Mahboob Chowk was once a commercial community shopping center of the city with shops selling a variety of  wares from household items  of daily use, etc. Close to the clock tower are some heritage structures like Moti Mahal built in 1880 and the mosque west of the tower. The latter was rebuilt by the VI Nizam Mir Mahboob Ali Khan in 1904

Secunderabad Clock Tower, Telengana - a colonial structure

Secunderabad Clock Tower
Secunderabad Clock Tower
Secunderabad Clock Tower is a  historical clock tower  in the suburb of Hyderabad, India. Located in Secunderabad  it was built  in 1860 on a plot of 10 acres  of land and the purpose was to help the people know the time of the day. It was inaugurated on the first of  February 1897 in this princely state. Many parts of India were then  under the direct administration of the British Crown Government, London. 

Based on a firman issued by Nizam Sikandar Jah, the city of Secunderabad was  named after him in 1806. The then colonial government stationed British officers there on official duty for the Nizam  and was pleased with their work. To honour the progress made by them  at Secunderabad Cantonment in Hyderabad, the erstwhile British government established a plot consisting of 10 acres (4.0 ha) of land for this purpose in 1860. To make the 2.5 acres of park attractive, a 120-ft high clock tower was built  in 1896. British Resident Sir Trevor John Chichele Plowden  inaugurated the clock tower. Thanks to Dewan Bahadur Seth Lachmi Narayan Ramgopal, a businessman. who  donated the clock.
This historical clock tower was about to to be pulled down in 2003 to ease the  expanding vehicular traffic. With the interference of heritage lovers, the then Andhra govt. took steps to repair and restore it. In 2006 restoration was carried out in such a way, the size of the park was reduced to allot more space for  widening the road. The cost of renovation was around  ₹10 million (US$140,000). The park was landscaped with lawns and hedges, and a waterfall. Late CM of Andhra state  Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy inaugurated the renovated park and tower in 2006. 
Yet another attraction is a  martyr's memorial inside the park in memory of the first police firing in 1969 during a separate Telangana agitation.,The clock tower was declared a heritage structure in the twin cities of Hyderabad-Secunderabad and efforts are afoot to seek UNESCO Heritage status for Hyderabad. It became a logo in  2006,  when the 200-year celebrations of the formation of Secunderabad were organised by the Government of Andhra Pradesh.

Historical High Court Building built by the Nizam of Hyderabad

High Court bldg. built by the Nizam,
Telengana High Court buldg. built by the Nizam, Hyderabad.
What is so special about The High Court of Telangana in Hyderabad, Telengana state, India? It was founded by the 7th Nizam H.E.H Mir Osman Ali Khan as  the  High Court of Hyderabad for the then Princely State of Hyderabad, Deccan. This is one of the impressive  buildings in the city, built in red and white stones in  Mogul- Saracenic style.  The historic building, located on the southern bank of Musi river and built of pink granite and sandstone in Mughal-Saracenic style  was inaugurated nearly a century ago - April 20.  The main building of the High Court was built  in the year 1919 by the then Nizam's Government accommodating six judges besides accommodation for the office staff, record rooms and Advocates' Hal.  It was renamed  later as the  High Court of Andhra Pradesh, as it was set up on 5 November 1956 under the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.  Hyderabad Deccan  was acceded by Government of India on 17 September 1948 after the Nizam's rule. The Andhra Pradesh High Court was referred to  as the High court of Judicature at Hyderabad  after the  bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh state. On 1st January 2019, Telangana High Court was bifurcated into Andhra Pradesh High Court and Telangana High Court after the formation of state of Telangana.
The main gate of High Court,
The  building plan was drawn up  by one Shankar Lal of Jaipur, an eminent engineer and architect of  repute in those days and and by  a local engineer Mehar Ali Fazal. An interesting fact is the court  building stands on the ruins of the Qutub Shahi palaces, Hine Mahal and Nadi Mahal.  Building work was done under the care of its chief engineer Nawab Khan Bahadur Mirza Akbar Baig. The cbegan on 15 April 1915 and was completed on 31 March 1919. On 20 April 1920 the High Court building was inaugurated by the seventh Nizam Mir Osman Ali Khan.
High Court buldg. built by the Nizam, Hyderabad
During the Silver Jubilee Celebrations in 1936, a silver model of the High Court with a silver key was presented to the Nizam VII Mir Osman Ali Khan by the Judiciary.  The silver model  of the buildings  perfectly carved in a thick sheet of silver weighing about 300 kg is now in the Nizam's Museum in Purani Haveli.
A nasty fire broke out  on August 31, 2009 in the judges' library on the first floor of the main building. Cause: an electrical short-circuit. This historic building was repaired and renovated to preserve its heritage value and old glory and the  renovated conference hall and judges lounge were inaugurated on October 13, 2011.  In 1956 the court could accommodate only 12 judges. There are currently 20 Court Halls and 24 Chambers located in the High Court main building and Annexe buildings and there is a proposal to increase the number of court rooms and chamber as there has been continuous increase in court litigation's.  This historical building is a renowned landmark in this part of the city.
Nizam H.E.H Mir Osman Ali Khan
5th richest man in the world,Nizam  Sir Osman Ali
Sir Nizam Osman Ali Khan.

Above images:  His Exalted Highness Nawab Sir Mir Osman Ali Khan Siddiqi, Asaf Jah  GBE (6 April 1886 – 24 February 1967), was the last Nizam (ruler) of the princely state of Hyderabad, Deccan then the largest princely state in British India. Between 1911 and 1948 he ruled the state until it was taken over by the Indian govt. after freedom from the British. He was  once featured on the cover of Time magazine of 1937 and labelled as   one of the wealthiest people of all time -  the 5th richest man in history and the richest Indian ever. Being an effective ruler with charitable disposition he gave due importance to  education, science and development. Electricity, railways, roads and airways were developed during his reign. He was the founder of the famous  Osmania University, Osmania General Hospital, State Bank of Hyderabad, Begumpet Airport, and Hyderabad High Court. Two reservoirs, namely Osman Sagar and Himayat Sagar were built during his reign, to prevent another great flood in the city.His  philanthropy was quite well-known; he donated millions of rupees to various educational and religious institutions all over India. He was equally known  for his eccentricities, as he used to knit his own socks, and borrow cigarettes from guests. He had a large fleet of expensive motor cars and was 

a patron of Rolls Royce cars.

Unsung Tomb of Adham Khan built by Mogul ruler Akbar - Delhi

Tomb of Adham Khan,
Tomb of Adham Khan,
Delhi is home to countless historical Islamic  monuments dating back to several centuries. Delhi and other parts of India were under the reign of Muslim rulers for centuries during which time they had built  several buildings in Indo-Islamic architectural style, Included in these monuments are several Mausoleums, forts and places of worship.  

The 16th-century tomb of Adham Khan, a general of the Mogul Emperor Akbar is a protected monument in Mehrauli, Delhi. Who is Adham Khan?    Younger son of Maham Anga, Akbar's wet nurse,  he Adham Khan  was  Akbar's foster brother and was part of the royal family.  Unfortunately he was executed on orders by Akbar  for the heinous crime of killing  Akbar’s favourite general Ataga Khan in May 1561. The execution took place on the  the ramparts of the Agra Fort. Located in an important part of  Delhi, among  fine Mogul  monuments, the tomb of Adham Khan forms  popular  landmark north of  the Qutub Minar. It was built by Akbar in 1561 after Adham's  death and this place and the surrounding areas are being managed by the ASI -Archaeological Survey of India.
Tomb of Adham Khan, Delhi.
The history of the  the Tomb of Adham Khan  will bring to light the hidden revelry  and favouritism  prevailing within any royal family that sometimes might lead to tragedy. In the case of Mogul rule, subtle enmity among royal members was a known fact because every body wanted to enjoy the power and pelf and the additional trappings and honor. Being  a nobleman and a general in Akbar’s army like his shrewd mother  Maham Anga, Adham  too  became over ambitious to enjoy royal patronage.  The appointment of general Ataga Khan as the Prime Minister by Akbar in November 1561 in the place of Munim Khan   angered Adham Khan. Driven by greed and jealousy Adham Khan in May 1561 killed  newly appointed PM Ataga Khan when he was addressing an audience.  Akbar happened to be a just Mogul ruler and the murder of his prime minister caused him rage and revulsion. To do justice, he had Adham Khan thrown down from the 40 foot tall barricades of  the Agra Fort.  Adham Khan's mother Maham Anga was grief-stricken and died on the 40 th day after the demise of her son. The tomb, built by Akbar,  houses the graves of both Maham Anga and her son Adham Khan. The tomb lies at the entrance path of Mehrauli Village in South Delhi - north of the busy Qutb-Mehrauli Road
An  interesting fact about this place is during the East India company rule, in 1830s a British officer named Blake of Bengal Civil Service, put the tomb for a different purpose that no body would ever think of.  He converted this tomb - a place of eternal rest into his residential apartment, besides removing the graves and making it  his dining hall. This place late became a rest house for the British after the officer's death. Subsequently, it became a police station and a post office. The credit goes to Lord Curzon, the British officer who loved ancient monuments and their preservation for posterity. He took the initiative and restored the tomb back to glory.  The grave of Adham Khan is right below the central dome, though that of his mother Maham Anga never was. 

The mausoleum made of reddish grey sandstone has a design different from  any other Mogul architecture. The tomb lies on a raised platform with  a veranda that has 3 semi-circle openings on each side. Eaves  are absent under their parapets. Often referred to as Bhool Bhulaiya due to its series of labyrinths that might cause a visitor  to lose his way in the midst of several passages /corridors.  Octogonal  building style represents that of   the Lodhi and the Sayyid dynasty of the 14th century. 
Tomb of Adham Khan, Delhi.
An octagonal wall  is provided with low towers at the corners. This type of octogonal dome design is rare in Mogul architecture. It is said this type of style for tombs  is reserved for traitors!!

Wednesday, 19 June 2019

Politics and money - Indian scenario

"On one hand, we are number one in economic growth and on the other we are ranked 100 in global corruption rankings,''................... Prime Minister Mr.  Modi.
World over, corruption is a menace, but unlike India, it is going on in the shadows.  Corporates' money trickles down to so many people in the government, covering the higher-ups down to the peons. It  is policians' and   civil servants' favorite  domain nation wide. According to Corruption Perception Index (CPI) which ranks 180 countries awards India a score of 40, making  it the 81st most corrupt country in the world.  Corruption is part of life in the last few decades and no body can get past it as it is institutionalised. 
Defined by the world bank as  the  'misuse of public property for private gain', it involves  syphoning off public money  and  misuse of power amounting to demanding bribes to get the job done. If not, the files will move at a snail's phase. Corruption peculates down to every part of the society and is visible in the administrative corridors of the govt. offices,  including govt.  hospitals causing mental agony to the  ordinary people living on the fringes of poverty. No daily job is done unless you pass the bucks under the table of a  govt, servant. Anti-corruption laws have existed since 1968, supported by agencies such as the Central Bureau of Investigation and the Central Vigilance Commission, but their independence and freedom to take action on the culprits are restrained by certain politicians who serve the vested interest.
No body can imagine the consequence of corruption in the Govt. offices. It adversely affects  the economy of central, state and local government bodies. It retards the growth and development of a country and its upward mobility comes to a standstill. In the midst of rampant corruption, economic progress faces road blocks and the tax-paying public suffers a lot as there has been poor infrastructure developments.   
The following are the bad impacts of corruption:

01. Not good for the economy : Corruption Will lead to loss of wealth, productivity and prosperity. At stake will be future growth of the country. 

02. Slow down of development projects: contractors don't get the funds right on time and, in the wake of it, important projects move either slowly or put on hold temporarily, causing inconvenience to the people and the workers.

03. Loss of public money and unsolved scams:  Several scams involving import of military weapons, leasing of mineral lands, etc result in the loss of billions of dollars of public money. The 2G scam of 2008  involving loss of whooping Rs. one lakh and 70,000 crores during the reign of Congress and its alliance partners took the country by storm. Neither the companies nor the people who masterminded this fraud on the govt are punished. With that huge misappropriated amount, India would have successfully completed certain important infrastructure projects that were beneficial to the people. 

04. Compromising on quality: With respect to quality of imported products  for the govt. ex. defence items or any local contract work, ex. construction of bridges and a host of other things, quality is sacrificed. Is it in the interest of the nation?

05. Permit raj: For starting new businesses, right from getting permit to buying lands, water and electrical supplies etc.,  you have to spill extra money for every thing as you progress. This is quite irritating and this may discourage local industrialists and also foreign direct investments in India.  

06. Corruption will increase poverty: Funds from the govt. program on eradication of poverty are misused by the middle men and the end result is they do not reach those who deserve it. So, the poor do not see any monetary benefits whereas the rich are well placed.  In the case of professionals, scientists and experts in certain fields, their talents are trampled upon by the seniors in the government offices. Disillusioned, most of them go abroad for  better jobs. For a developing economy, brain-drain is a problem.

07. Corruption in the exalted halls of judiciary:  If corruption takes roots  particularly in lower courts, it will  put the common man in misery. If lower court judges are bought by certain unscrupulous  middlemen  in return for favorable court decisions, people will no longer respect the court and corrupt judges and, at one stage, judicial system will face crisis. In a democracy, an explosive situation will develop that may lead to anarchy.

08. Illegal mining: Illegal mining of coal beds  and sands is widespread across India, especially the latter is a menace in Tamil Nadu where several honest govt. officials were killed  while on duty by the mafia groups. Goa accounted for large scale illegal mining of iron ores.  Because of widespread illegal mining of sands from the rivers, etc., of late, Tamil Nadu is reeling under water scarcity. Hundreds of lakes that carried a large body of water are not de-silted regularly. Hundreds of lakes in around are converted into housing colonies due to mismanagement. Now it is said in the source areas of Adyar river, etc in chennai there are granite quarries functioning and people complain that these quarries have blocked the flow of water in to Adyar. Water source areas  have now become either parched or bone dry and the weather has been pretty hot since April.  

Choosing of honest political representatives with no criminal record in the past and present, simple govt procedures to get permits, etc, direct contact between the govt. and public to ease red tape, efficient police system, frequent performance evaluation of top government posts by a govt committee, regular evaluation of political representative's work, and most importantly severe punishment  for corrupt officials  for misusing of public money ----- these  steps will solve the problem of corruption to some extent; eradication of corruption 100% is impossible. 

In a country like India, it is an Himalayan task to implement the above steps and keep a tab over every govt. department. Part of the blame goes to the public as the people need to be disciplined when dealing with the govt. laws and regulations. As for the leaders  with power and authority they should  fulfil the  promises given to people and try to solve their grievances. They  can be  stickler for discipline and get rid of corruption and nepotism in their department.  If you come down heavily on the corrupt officials, you not only gain respect  in the department but also the people's who elected you to power. They  will be happy and look upon you with reverence and gratitude. ''Service to humanity is service to god'.'

Below you will find several funny cartoons on corruption appeared in Indian papers, etc. The cartoonists deal with the subject of corruption in a subtle manner:

 Corrupt netha is going to jail in style, but the cartoonist going to jail in grief for the simple reason that he has exposed the politician's corrupt practises by way of cartooning.
A memorial to a political leader. During his time in prison the statesman was on his best behavior.
Why fuss about movie Bahubali making rupees 1000 crores. What about our nethas and their scams involving thousands of crores of rupees.  Where do they hoard the money?
There is no minister or political heavy weight across India whose name is not involved in  government scams. That he gets a bad rap is true, but, the important thing is it is the sensationalism that gives him publicity bonanza and takes him to dizzy heights. It is a good idea to modernize the prisons on par with 5 star hotel rooms with A/C, etc. In case scam cases go against him,  and if he is  not smart enough to get free from them, he will end up  spending time in the prison  comfortably. Of course, that will be at the expense of public money. Once he is out Scott free, another netha will be in
'Political 'tulaparam'. Nathas know the value  of adult  franchise being enjoyed by the people. Once they get elected to power with money power, they know how to make up the money spent on election trail. It is good to weigh them against sacks of bank bills to get the job done by them.
When participants in a protest march go against the government and  take the extreme step of  fasting  unto death, the police 
take immediate action on them for the simple reason that they've  failed to take permission from them. What about  thousands of people in the city who have no shelter, no water and no toilet, and who end up starving most of the days? 

Corporate money trickling down to various people in the department.
This cartoon highlights the victory news with respect to gay marriage  in the USA. Texas was tough against the gay marriages.  In June 2015 the supreme court ruling was in favor of this. Like in the cartoon, politics can not survive without money power so, in a way money and politics are like a wedded couple (not unisex couple) - inseparable
 Gandhiji  seems to look depressed over the bank bills bearing his image. Gandhiji does not like soiled bills - ill-gotten money ending up in the wrong place - those who serve the people.
Abe Lincoln is quite unhappy about corporate America.
In the USA, it is the  ''Government of the corporation, by the corporation and for the corporation''. But in a country like India, it is a different story. It is the ''government of the politicians, by the politicians and for the politicians and their families and relatives''!!
It is nice and isolate the money agents working for the politicians,
That big money does not stay in one place is quite true. To get a job done by the government agency, it goes through different stages - all under the table. It is a world-wide ritual and nothing will stop it 
In some states in India, foolish people chase money thrown by the contesting politicians like the way the animals in the cartoon. The beneficiary is politician who has an easy ride to power and pelf. No sweat.
When the govt. money is syphoned out,this is what money thrown by the culprit does when it goes into silent mode.
The incredible hulk is a political heavy weight and the pygmies are the people who voted him to power. Now, the denizens  do their obeisance to him to get the job done.
There is no way you can get a job done in some govt offices, unless you pass the bucks  behind the back on to the right people at the right time. 
Furious Gandhi statue.
Gandhi's statue on the main road  has fiery eyes. Do you know why? It is not the Delhi summer that makes his  eyes red shot; His eyes spew fire every time some corrupt nethas ride past his statue. He knows our nethas are more preoccupied with their personal wealth and how to hide  it than in the service of people who voted him to power.    

A  wrong coalition.

The netha admits that his family members are in jail like him. What  way to lead a public life?

Tuesday, 18 June 2019

Tara Tarini temple, Brahmapur, Odisha -one of the four Shakti Peethas

Tara Tarini temple Odisha.
Tara Tarini temple Odisha.
The Tara Tarini Shakti Peetha, besides being one of the oldest pilgrimage centers of  Mother Goddess is also one of four major ancient Tantra Peetha and Shakti Peethas in India. Located on the Kumari hills on the banks of the River Rushikulya near Brahmapur city (on the eastern coast)  in Ganjam District, Odisha, it is Shakti's breast shrine (Sthana Peetha). According to the Hindu mythology, the four  major Shakti Peethas are: Tara Tarini (Stana Khanda), near Brahmapur; Bimala (Pada Khanda) inside the Jagannath Temple, Puri; Kamakhya (Yoni Khanda), near Guwahati; and Dakshina Kalika (Mukha Khanda) in Kolkata. Besides, there are  51 other sacred Shakti Peethas, that  were formed from the  limbs of Mata Sati's corpse when God Shiva was  carrying the corpse in the Satya Yuga. The 51 peethas across the country represent the 51 letters in Sanskrit alphabet. At this sthala  - Tara Tarini Sati Devi's breasts are believed to have fallen. In addition, there are 29 Upa Peethas across India.  These Shakti Peethas  owe their origin to the period of  Daksha yagna and Sati's self-immolation. 
Shiva carrying the corpse of Sati Devi,
The four Adi Shakti Peethas  mentioned above are also part of 51 Shakti pithas and  are most revered because they represent four major parts of Devi Sati's body. Hence, they are very holy, powerful and believed as adi shakti pithas.  Adi Shakti goddesses Tara Tarini are the presiding deities (Ista-Devi) in many parts of India and in most of the Hindu families  in Odisha. Adyashakti worship has been here in this part of Odisha for centuries. The goddesses Tara and Tarini are represented by  two ancient stone images decorated with  with gold and silver ornaments; two brass heads, known as their Chalanti Pratima, or Living Image, are placed between them.
Brahmapur, Odisha location map.
Mother Tara Tarini is directly attributed to Daksha Prajapati’s Jagna in Satya Yuga is  is corroborated by Sacred texts like the Shiva Purana, the Kalika Purana, the Devi Bhagabat (a contemporary text of the Mahabharata written by Shri Vyasa Dev around 6000 years ago) attest this fact. The famous Shakta Peethas of Bimala, Tara-Tarini, Dakshina Kalika and Kamakshi  owe their origin to the falling of  limbs of the divine corpse of Devi Sati. Lord Sri Krishna before the Kurushetra war had advised Arjuna to offer prayer for victory at Shridevi Kupa or Bhadrakali. It implies that the Shakti peethas have been in existence for more than 6000 years. 
Tara tarini temple Odisha.
Kalinga Empire 2300 ago worshipped Tara  Tarani as principal deity.  When Mauryan Emperor Ashoka defeated the Kalinga Empire, Buddhism became the popular religion. The name Tara (Buddhism), an important deity of Mahayana Buddhist Pantheon, is suggestive of Buddhist influence in this region and it is confirmed by the presence of  an image of Buddha in meditation, inside the sanctum of the temple. So it was  an ancient centre of the Buddhist Shakta cult.  After the fall of Kalinga, for the first time the Mahayana Buddhists accepted the worship of Mother Goddess ‘Tara’. So the Buddhists have learned the ‘Tara’ Puja concept from this shrine. An interesting fact is the maritime history of Kalinga  points out  worship of Tara by the Sadhavas, merchants and seamen before embarking on their sea voyage from  sea ports like Dantapura (Gopalpur), Pallur near Chilika Lake, Kalingapatna and river Rushikulya.
Tara Tarini
According to the legend once Maa Tara Tarini  went as sisters  to the house of a  learned Brahmin by the name of Shri Basu Praharaj of Kharida Vira Jagannathpur village in Ganjam District. He was a true devotee of  Mother Goddess but  was child less. The sisters, after staying in his house for some years, disappeared  suddenly, causing severe pain and mental agony to the Brahmin family. Some villagers told him  the sisters travelled up to the Tarini Parvat/Ratnagiri and disappeared there. Grief-stricken, one night Shri Basu Praharaj had a dream in which he  saw Tara and Tarini. They told him that they were not his daughters and were the Adi Shakti. They urged him to renovate the temple on the hilltop of Tarini Parvat and install  the deities according to the Vedic tradition.  Accordingly he found the traces of an ancient temple onthe hill and  with support from the locals rebuilt the temple. Since then this  Sthana Peetha (Breast Shrine) of Mata Sati,  has become a sanctified Shakti shrine. People come here in large number to get blessed by the mata and to have peace, tranquillity and welfare.  

The important festival is Chaitra Parba/Chaitra Mela/Chaitra Yatra.  It is held on each Tuesday of the month of Chaitra, i.e., during mid-March to mid-April. Devotees in thousands  have darshan of the Tara Tarini and perform their Manasika after fulfilment of their desires.