Monday, 19 June 2017

Historical Dr. Antonio Da Silva High School and Jr. College of Commerce (1851), Mumbai

Dr. Antonio Da Silva High School , Mumbai, Justdial

Because of colonial rule before 1947, India has lots of old English medium schools across the land. . Invariably, most of them were started by Christian fathers and Jesuits to impart western education in a traditional Indian atmosphere. Bombay (Mumbai) was once the capital of Bombay Presidency founded by the East India Company. With the arrival of more Europeans and missionaries, across India lots of schools sprang up. Bombay was not an exception.

drantoniodasilva.com
Dr. Antonio Da Silva High School (A.D.H.S) and Jr. College of Commerce (A.D.H.S.J.C.C) (commonly known as A.D.H.S.) is a popular institution in Maharastra. Located in Dadar, Mumbai, India, it is a semi-private Government, Boys, day school  and  was founded in 1851 by Dr Antonio Da Silva and Rev. John Braz Fernandees under the name St. Johna high school. In 1875, Da Silva set aside his big estate for the school development and expansion. 

The school not only has a hoary past but also has continued to have its own tradition and academic excellence. The school offers classes  from kindergarten up to class 12. The medium of instruction  being  English, the school has a strength of roughly  6,000 pupils  between the age of 3 to 18.
 The school (Shivaji Park) has a technical curriculam and it was started  from Standard VII in June 1963. In June 1971,it became a full-fledged  independent Technical High School.  In 1975 came up the  Junior College of both the Commerce and Technical schools, offering courses in sciences, vocational courses like electrical related training, scooter repairs. mechanical  maintenance, etc.

Dr. Antonio Da Silva High School, Mumbai Justdial

The school prepares students  for the Secondary School Certificate Examination (with technical subjects) and Higher Secondary Certificate (with science / vocational science subjects) of the Maharashtra State Board. The school follows the Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education (SSC) & (HSC) syllabus. Marathi, Hindi and French are taught as second languages. English, Marathi and Hindi are taught from class 1 to class 12. The school offers field trips, camps and social service visits to get the students acqauinted with the outside world. Extra-curricular activities include  various club activities such as
the Nature Club, Interact Club, Science Club, Scouts and Guides, etc.

The school  buildings include the office heritage block, heritage block, center block, sorts complex and play grounds. The school offers indoor and outdoor games to the students.  The school and college are Roman Catholic institutions and are being managed by the Society of Jesus with a governing body. The school has an excellent libraary facility, containing more than 20,000 books  for the use of students.

 The school follows House System and the purpose is to develop  collective responsibility and solidarity among students. The four houses compete in various fields and each house is led by a captain . The houses also coordinate with each other on matters related to education, sports, social activities, etc.This develops  tolerance and comity among the members

 Tit-bits: 

01. A bomb exploded outside the school on 3 July 2011 at 19:06 IST. It was believed to be the third explosive device of the 2011 Mumbai bombings set by a group of religious terrorists. In its wake scores of people lost their lives. The device was planted on an electric utility pole near the school at the bus stand  close to  Kabutar Khana. About 50 people were injured in the blast. Had the bomb had exploded five minutes earlier, thousands of students might have been injured. It was God's miracle, none from the school was injured.

02. The Alumni of this school include Indian politicians, business men and government officials  and they are referred to as Antonians



Menstruating Goddess Chengannur Bhagavathy Amman!! - some interesting facts

Chengannur mahadeva temple. Kerala www.youtube.com
Chengannur temple. Wikimapia

Menstrual taboos have been around us for a long time. Hindu women during their "period" normally avoid going to temples. Many Hindu temples except some in Kerala do not allow women to conduct pujas in the sanctum and other shrines of sanctity. The strong belief is mensuration of women is impure and they are  unfit for any temple rituals, etc., associated with divinity. As for certain restrictions, women's entry into the Garbagraha of Hindu temples, some people's  belief is far from being negative and they never attach the tag of "taboo" to it. To them mensuration is a natural, sacred biological process, essential for the development  of humanity. 

 Have you ever heard of a menstruating goddess in the state of Kerala? It may sound weird, but it is true. The Mahadev- Bhagavathy temple located in a small town Chengannur is unique and is about 40 km away from the town of Kottayam in Kerala. The temple, believed to have been built by the famous Uliyannoor Perumthachan over 1,500 years ago, is one of the the most popular Bhagavathy temples of Kerala.

Some facts of Chengannur  Bhagavathy Amman:

01. In this temple Lord Mahadeva  faces east and the Goddess Bhagawathy, the main deity is facing west There is also a temple of Vishnu in Chengannur. Nammazhawar, a great Tamil Vaishnava saint  visited this temple and sang in praise of Perumal. It is believed  that Yudhishtra built the first temple of Lord Vishnu to get rid of his sin of having  lied in the battle field.
 

02. With respect to mensuration of goddess, it all began when  the melsanthi (the chief priest) opened the shrine of the Goddess in the morning to change the flowers, he was surprised to find that the cloth  the Goddess was wearing had a stain. This stained cloth was shown to the women of Vanchi Puzhathu Madam as well as the land lady of the house of Thazhaman pothy. Both of them confirmed what would have been  an unexpected and un-heard of event before that Goddess was undergoing periods as ordinary women would experience every month. On the advice of Thazhaman Pothy, the idol  was moved over to a separate temple and the door was closed for three days.

03. The daily puja ritual continued in the northern part of temple in the absence of main deity.

04. The chief priest asked his wife and the elderly woman of Vanchi Puzhathu Madam to keep the Goddess company during the night.

05. This strange tradition has continued for  several generations and the women  of these houses keep company to the Goddess during the time of her periods.

06. In the early stages, the incidence of mensuration occurred regularly every month for some time. 


07. Nowadays, it is said, that  the goddess experiences mensuration   three to four times a year.

08. The cloth  that the goddess wears during this time (Thiru poothu) is given much importance and is considered to be a prized possession.

09. The cloth is an object of veneration and is being worshipped in many homes.

10. On completion of the 4th day after the period, a simple ritual is followed. The idol of the goddess is taken on a female elephant for her ceremonial bath in the near-by Mithra river, to the accompaniment of playing of traditional musical instruments.The idol is given an oil bath by the Namboodiri women and then it is mounted on top of the elephant . The idol atop the elephant is received with Nira Para. After the ritual bath, the priest does traditional puja like Abhishekam with oil, milk, etc. Once it is over, the idol  is brought back to the temple.
 

Searchi
11.  Varshikotsavam  is a 28 day long festival at Chengannur temple which begins on the asterism Thiruvathira of Dhanu masam (mid December-mid January) and ends on Thiruvathira of Makaram masam (mid January-mid February). Special rituals are performed during these days.The  Arattu (ritual dip in the river) is on Thiruvadira day. Besides, Shivaratri Festival (February - March) and Chitra Pournami (April - May) are also celebrated here with much religious fervor.

12. Once British officer Gov. Thomas Munro stopped sending funds to this temple upon hearing that the presiding goddess was  experiencing monthly period. He was furious and considered it "non-sense". Soon, his beloved wife had menstrual problem and the bleeding never stopped. English medication was of no avail.  On the advice of some people close to him, he released the funds to the temple. Amazingly, soon his wife 's health improved and the bleeding stopped. Grateful Munro went ahead and donated two gold bangles to the deity, besides forming a trust to observe the celebration of the Thirupoothu (periods) of the Goddess.

Sunday, 18 June 2017

100 pillar hall, Srirangam temple - newly found flooring repaired

100 piollar mantpam,new flooring discovered.travel.squibs.org

In September 2014,  an accidental discovery of a part of flooring of a huge mantapam (hall) was made  at the world famous Sri Ranganather (lord Vishnu) temple of Srirangam. The temple is the largest functional temple in the world and has a total of 53 shrines and is located in an island formed by the rivers Cauvery and Kollidam (Coleroon).  When the temple officials were in the process of shifting the ‘prasadam stall’ from Surya Pushkarni area to the old annadhana koodam they  stumbled upon a lower flooring in the  100-pillar mandapam. A massive work was on inside the temple as part of renovation work. This temple's Samrokshanam (Maha Kumbabishekam) was to take place later. Devotees  visiting  the Dhanvantri temple in the Sri Ranganather temple complex would  never miss the 100-pillar mandapam that seemed to have sand flooring. In reality,  the mandapam's actual floor was several feet beneath it. The half sand-submerged 100 pillar hall -  "Noothukku Kaal Mandapam"has a shrine dedicated to Theerthakarai Vasudeva Perumal. It is said the part of the mantapam was filled with sand to make the flooring  even and confortable for the visitors to reach the Danvanthri shrine. 


Srirangam Ranganathar temple. Tamilnadu Tourism - blogger

The  100-pillar mandapam was behind the Prasadam stall that occuped a small area. However, the materials needed for cooking in the Madappalli (temple Kitchen) such as piles of firewood, etc  had been kept behind the hall which was not visible at once. The mantapam is being supported by 100 ornate stone pillars, covering a total area of about 11,900 square feet, according to the temple officials. 

The pillars are about 12 feet tall. After the new discovery, it was never thought that the tall pillars would go farther deep under.

Tiruchirapalli .location map.
Maps of India

 Now, the mantapam is repaired and given a face-lift. The temple officials say that  the mandapam will be used during Sri Krishna Jayanthi when Namperumal (Vishnu) is brought from the Garbagraha - sanctum sanctorum. The old practice that had been not continued for the past three decades, will be restored from the forthcoming Sri Krishna Jayanthi festival.  

Ref:

http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Tiruchirapalli/100-pillar-mandapam-found-in-srirangam-temple/article18447367.ece

 http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/trichy/100-pillar-mandapam-found-in-Trichy/articleshow/43127208.cms

Daring Vanchinathan, patriot remembered (17 June 2017)

Vanchinathan. tamilhindu.com.

ilavaluthy - Quora

Patriotic people of India, in particular, Tamil Nadu can never forget those freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives to get India freed from the British yoke. The southern districts of Tamil Nadu produced a galaxy of freedom fighters who were never cowed down by the intimidating and oppressive tactics employed by the British rulers - the East India company in the early stages and in the 19th century by the rulers under the direct administration of the British Government, London. Among the freedom fighters such as Veerapandya Kattabomman, V.O.Chidambaram, Bharathiyar and others,  young Vanchinathan daringly did what other freedom fighters never thought of doing it, because they followed the preachings of Gandhiji. But, on the other hand, Vanchi and his associates  followed a different path. - violence. Their intention was to arouse the consciousness of people and this would pave the path for the British to exit India soon. On the contrary, the British became more resolute than ever before to stay on the Indian soil. 


Vanchinathan memorial. thehindu.com/

Yesterday (17 June 2017) officials, media and people paid rich tributes to Vanchinathan at Shenkottai (Shencottah), his birth place. On that day, Vanchi killed the then Tirunelveli Collector Robert William d'Escourt Ashe (commonly known as Collector Ashe) at Maniachi Railway junction (now in Thoothukudi district). Ashe was waiting at the junction with his wife Mary Lillian Patterson and four children. He and his family were to take the Indo-Ceylon Boat Mail  and get off at Kodaikanal Road station on the way to the hill resort Kodaikanal. At 10.45 am  Vanchi got into Ashe's first class coach,  standing on the side track (to be attached with the Boat Mail) along with  one Madasamy, his accomplice  and shot the Collector dead. Later, he killed himself, to avoid arrest, imprisonment and the pain of going to the gallows and getting killed in the hands of the British.

An organization called Vanchi Iyakkam and the local school children garlanded the statue of Vanchi. In memory of him  the Municipality siren was sounded at 10.45 am, the time (106th annuarsery of the killing of the collector) at which Vanchi shot at Collector Ashe and killed him. Around 11-30 a.m., the Collector died of internal hemorrhage.Across India and the world, it became a sensational scoop for 
the media.In a detailed investigative report published by the Crime Branch - Criminal Investigation Department (CB-CID) released in 2011,it is stated 
  
Bust of Veera Vanchinathan, Shencottah. Alchetron

that  Vanchinathan and other revolutionaries were unhappy with the way Collector  Ashe handled the political affairs of the district  vis-a-vis freedom fighters. The collector and District Magistrate Robert Ashe sided with the British Shipping company - A & F Harvey and Co that ran the ferry services between Toothukudi and Ceylon and was instrumental in making the Harvey Co's competitor  Swadeshi 
Steam Navigation Company, founded by lawyer V. O.Chidambaram  in 1906 go bankrupt. In 1908, the arrest of V.O. Chidambaram Pillai, popularly known as VOC, and Subramania Siva, had an impact on Vanchi and other patriots who decided to kill Ashe at the right time to avenge his harsh action against VOC and others.


On 23 December 2013  the late Chief Minister Jayalalithaa declared open the Vanchinathan memorial in Shencottah, his birth place,
(then part of composite Tirunelveli district, Madras Presidency). The total cost of the memorial was around Rs. 50 lakh and the building includes  a bust of the martyr.

Ref:
http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/jayalalithaa-opens-vanchinathan-memorial-in-shencottah/article5494457.ece

http://news.webindia123.com/news/articles/india/20150617/2619714.html

 http://navrangindia.blogspot.in/2015/10/vanchinathan-who-shot-dead-collector.html

Friday, 16 June 2017

Conditioning of the mind - elephant. and the rope!!


SlideShare

Be they humans or animals, mind plays a primary role in their behavior. Particularly, in the case of certain wild animals, conditioning their mind is part of training the animals undergo. Once trained, the animal follows a patterned behavior already set in their mind. The following example will be of interest to you.

Elephant and the rope. Twitter

Once a curious man went past an elephant that was tied to the tree with a rope. Upon seeing the rope that was preventing a huge animal from moving out, he became cofused  and stuck to the view that in the absence of strong chains or a cage, the elephant could , at any time, break the rope and go free. But, for unknown reasons, the elephant stood in the same place and never tried to take a flight to freedom. Why?
 
www.tjisedu.in/blogs


Being inquisitive, he saw the Mahout/trainer standing near-by and asked him , What made the elephant stand in the same place and why is it not trying to escape? The trainer said, "When the elephants were young and small, we used the same rope to tie them at that point of time and age and it was good enough for them to keep them safely in the same place, when undergoing proper training. As they grow up, they have been conditioned to such an extent that they believe that they can not break away once firmly tied up with a pole or stake. Now this particular elephant  believes  the rope still holds it  so, it can not not try to break free".

Now the man understtod the mind power. The big animal  can break the rope and free himself in a jiff, but still it stands  in the same place, in the belief he can not break it.

Moral:  Elephants can very easily lift a load weighing one ton kg. At the circus and in the Hindu temples, you can see an elephant standing quietly, then and there entertaining the people while being tied with a rope to a piller or wooden stake. On account of his prolonged training (mental conditioning), no matter how strong and how big he has grown, he still feels  that he can not break the chain or rope and move the stake and escape. 

Like this unfortunate elephant, how many of us go through this mental ordeal and agony  and believe that we can not achive our goal  because we  failed miserably earlier. This mental block, once set in, will keep us on hold and we will be stuck where we are. We should not let this mental block creep into our mind. Just remember what has happened to the elephant who can not move far beyond the extent of his mind set. 


everydayencouragement.org
So, never ever give up  your struggle to reach your goal or destination. Failure is part of learning. A young baby makes countless attempts before standing upright firmly on his feet. He does not care about the peeople around him. Nor do the repeated falls discourage him. So, don't be like an elephant tied with a rope. Resolve to uproot the mental block that holds you back  and get out of your self-imposed mental restrictions. Every cloud has a silver lining.

 "Look! I’m making everything new.
Write it all down—each word dependable and accurate.”      
                             ........  Revelation 21:5(MSG)

Ref:

http://www.tjisedu.in/blogs

Sri Sarada Yagna Prasadam, vol. 09,issue 05: May 2017.

New currency note (bill) and the value of life

Times of India - Indiatimes.com

No matter what kind of profession we pursue, proper decision making, commitments, and discretion together play a key role in our success. Besides, we must train our mind  to get not swayed this way or that way when we pursue our goal and facing rough weather.  The following example is  worth considering:

At a  crowded seminar  presumably on  the introduction of new currency notes (bills) in the wake of demonitization introduced by the Central government in November 2015,
Scoil Pól
 

a speaker was holding a new Rs. 500.00 bill and told the audience that one would get it. Countless people in the audience wanted to have the new Rs.500.00 note. The speaker now crumpled the Rs. 500.00 note and asked the audience, Who wants this crumpled note? Lots of people raised their hands and did not care about the appearance. This time, the speaker went a little bit farther; now he put the note on the floor and smeared it with soil and made it look shabby. He then said,"This note is crumpled and dirty. Do you still want it?" Up went countless hands. unmindful of the shabby look of the note.

Pinterest

Now, the smart speaker said,"My friends, I have just showed you a very important lession No matter what I did to the note, still you wanted it because you knew well that it did not decrease in its value. Many a time in our lives, life crumples us and grinds us into the dirt. We make bad decisions or deal with poor circumstances. We feel worthless. No matter what has happened or what will happen to your undertaking,  you will never lose your value.because  are special and don't ever forget it". 

Tit-Bits:  
 
Indian demonitization , Nov. 2015. Quora


01. PM Modi  announced that currency notes of Rs 500 and Rs 1000 denominations will not be legal tender from midnight. Both these bill be useless.

 02. The government  has decided to induct new currency notes for the same denominations with extra security features.


Strange stick-up. www.500and2000notes.in/ 

 03. The smart and quick move aims at curbing rampant corruption and tackling black money issues. It will be a great blow to the hoarders of black money, in particular, certain politicians who consider "Politics" a money-spinning business. 

Ref: 

Sri Sarada Yagna Prasadam, vol. 09; issue 05: May 2017.

Thrikkadavoor Mahadev temple - people pray here for long longevity


Thrikkadavoor Temple Kerala Culture

Thrikkadavoor  is a small town, located approximately 5 kilometres north of Kollam city centre and 30 kilometres away from Paravur, Kerala.  Thrikkadavoor Mahadev temple is a popular one and is being daily visited by lots of devotees, in particular, people above 50 years of age with a wish for better longevity from the presiding deity. This most famous Shiva Temple in Kollam District is situated on the banks of the Ashtamudi lake.


Thrikkadavoor Temple  YouTube

Legend has it that Mrikandu rishi and his wife Marudmati prayed to God Shive  to bless them with a child. Lord Shiva  granted their  wish but on one condition that they would get either a gifted, intelligent son, but with a short life on earth or a  dull child  with poor intellence but with long logevity. Mrikandu rishi  gave preference to intelligent child to dull child. That child became known as Markandeya, an exceptionally smart and brilliant son, but, unfortunatelt he was destined to die at the age of 12.

Markandeya, being god-fearing and ardent devotee of Lord Shiva  grew up to be a patron of Shiva. On the day he was destained to die,  Markandaya worshipped Lord Shiva in his Linga form (
Shiva in his aniconic form) more vigorously than ever before. The god of death Yama sent his men to put out the life of Markandaya. Yama's men were at their wit's end because of Markandaya's intense devotion and prayer with dedication sttod in their way. Further, he was close to the Shivalingam. Upon seeing his men's inablity to cause death to Markandaya, God of death Yama himself came to eath to try his luck. No sooner had he seen the young devotee than Yama had thrown his weapon - death rope with a noose

Lord Shiva, young Markandayaa and Yama. BAPS Kids - BAPS.org


(in Tamil Paasakkayar) around him to take away his life. Unexpectedly, the death rope with the noose landed around the Shivalingam. Without knowing this, Yama tried to pull the rope. At that instant emerged out of the Shivalinga was the god himself. Enraged Shiva punished Yama for his misconduct and arrogant aggression. After Yama's submission, Shiva told him that Markandaya would live for ever. - a life of immortality. 

Location map. en.wikipedia.org/

For this act, Shiva was thereafter known also as Kalantaka ("Ender of Death"). This divine act is believed to have taken place in Thirukkadavoor People who are afraid of death are advised to chant Maha Mrityunjaya Stotra frequently so that they will be relived of the fear of death (Marana Bhayam) There is a metal inscription mentioning the battle between Yama and Shiva and how he obtained immortality for Markandaya. Thrikkadavoor is the place, according to the mythology. where Markandaya got immortality through the blessings  of Loed Shiva.

The temple has a golden flag staff and wide court yard. 10 days festival in Kumbhom - Thiruvathira Aaratu. 101 Kudam (pot) Kalasam, Chathussatham are popular. The annual Srattu festival  falls in the month of Kumbham (February/March). 

The annual ten-day festival is a splendid one and is attended by people in thousands. The popular Thiruvathira festival and the resplendent kettukazha add charm  and splendor to thisgreat temple event.
 It is a major attraction for the tourists. The eight artificial horses, which represent the eight areas (karas) around the temple, is an interesting one. Nedumkuthira (Eduppukuthira- men carrying vertical horse-chariot) procession through water  is equally an interesting one. 

Tit-Bits:

 Amritaghateswarar Abhirami Temple, located in Thirukkadaiyur (Thirukadavur), 21 km East of Mayiladuthurai, Tamil Nadu  is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva in his manifestation as "Destroyer of Death" and his wife Parvati as Abhirami. This temple is closely associated with the legend of Shiva saving his young devotee, Markendeya from death, and the tale of a saint, Abirami Pattar a devotee of the presiding goddess.

The presiding deity is revered in the 7th century Tamil Saiva canonical work, the Tevaram, written by Tamil saint poets known as the nayanars and classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam. Lots of couples who have completed 60 years of age come here and conduct speecial prayers for good heath and welfare.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thrikkadavoor

Saturday, 10 June 2017

Colonial clock (1876) of Gandhi Gate in Amritsar


Even today, clock towers in cities and towns never  fail to attract our attention  and they have become  curios for the younger generations. Be they small or big, they still stand majestically as the sentinels of the past era of colonial glory. In India, during the British rule there were a large number of majestic clock towers built in public places for the convenience of  common who could not afford a watch. Invariably most of the clock towers were built by the  local rulers or a  leader in memory of a visiting English higher-up to that place. Building  towers with a clock on it served dual purposes - to help local dwellers to know the time and to please the English official to get his favours. In those days for outside use, the rich and upper middle class people carried a pocket watch to know the time before the advent of wrist watch.

There is an old clock  at the busy Gandhi Gate in Amritsar, in Punjab. Also called Hall Gate, before Independence, the clock was first installed in 1876 - about 19 years after the famous mutiny of 1857 but the clock  became defunct and was not yet fixed by the local 

Gandhi gate clock, Amritsar, Punjab Mapio.net

 
Hall bazaar -Gandhi gate clock, Amritsar, Punjab.Hindustan Times

municipal corporation. One C.H. Hall was the then deputy commissioner and the gate  which is  on the way to Walled City and Golden temple, was named after him and the clock was designed by John Gordon, the then executive engineer in Amritsar. Considering its proximity to the important places in this city, the colonial clock is not functioning and it clearly shows how the authorities are quite careless about not repairing a simple time machine of colonial legacy. 

Clipart Of
123RF.com

 In 2008, the color of the historical Hall gate was changed from red to pink and then to yellow. It 
was a big shock for the heritage freaks because the odd and outlandish  color combination showed lack of aesthetics and knowledge of preservation of historical sites without losing their heritage values.

All it needs is a simple initiative from like-minded people interested in the preservation of our old monuments, heritage and antiques that have hoary history. 

Hall bazaar, where the Gandhi gate is located,  is just 1 km from the railway station.

 http://www.hindustantimes.com/punjab/ht-spotlight-clock-towers-stuck-in-time/story-1R5bOenI7v34FSqTTdqKEK.html

Wednesday, 7 June 2017

Amazing facts of Majuli, the largest fresh water island in the world

The largest river island Majuli ,Assam India Today 
Majuli,  the  largest fresh water islandYouTube

Majuli,  the  largest fresh water island in the world, is located in the middle of the mighty Brahmaputra river just 20 km away from the Cultural Capital of Assam - Jorhat. Now the entire island has been declared a district. This island district can be reached only by ferries from towns like Jorhat. It is a seat of Neo-Vaishnavite culture, unique to this island. Dry months do not spell danger to the people here, however, the wet months  are difficult to pass through. Though they bring in plenty of rain, it is wrought with dangers due to major flooding. 

Naturally formed with a serene ambiance in the bosom of the mighty Brahmaputra and quietly lying far away from the hustle and bustle of city life and urban madness in between the two rivers of Subansiri and Kherketia in Upper Assam, Majuli is simply awe-inspiring, a paradise for those who would like to meditate and  go into a trance, leaving behind them the  dull, mundane life. 


The following are other interesting facts about this vast highly fertile river inland:
 
www.majuli.org

01. The vast island, formed by the river Brahmaputra and its tributaries, is subject  itself  to shaping and reshaping (Geomorphological process of denudation and deposition) with each major flood; eroded land mass is transported and redeposited as sediments elsewhere downstream.
 

02. Massive flooding in 1750 was the main cause of the formation of this huge island in the middle of bigm river. This serene island, not yet polluted, supports  unique bio-diversity system and  is home to numerous exotic birds, including migratory birds.

03. Among the 248 villages on the island, 166 are facing threats due to flooding. A couple of thousand families are living on the embankments and their homes are prone to destruction during major floods. The total area of 875 sq. km in midstream of the delta system is a nature's wonder.

04. Since 2001, according to the media report,  3,000 plus families have lost their land to erosion and safely relocated elsewhere.  Embankments are still home to more than 2,000 families.

young women on the Majuli Isle, Assam.  www.bordoisila.in
05. There are neither  major educational institutions  nor employment opportunities on this island.
 

06. In  September 2016,  the island was declared the largest river island by the Guinness Book of World Records toppling Marajo in Brazil. The government has a proposal to lay concrete roads covering many areas and improve other facilities on the island.

07. The government has recently allocated Rs.1200.00 crore to  preserve and improve amenities in the island of
Majuli. This includes a cultural university and a post-graduate college.

08. The union government has a  proposal to build a 121-km long national highway  connecting  Majuli with two major towns — Jorhat and Lakhimpur. This will bring in lots of tourists from India and abroad as this place is rich in fauna and flora. Yet another attractions are the festivals, art, culture and spirituality.
 

09.  People here follow the teachings of  saint Srimanta Sankardeva who propagated the Neo - Vaishnava tradition; it is a variation of Vaisnavism. 

10.  The island is inhabited by Mising tribes, Deori and Sonowal Kachri tribes and they  speak Mising, Assamese and Deori language.

11. Because of  massive erosion,  the number of  ‘Satras’- Vasihnavite monasteries came down from 65 to 32.  
 

RailYatri blog

12. In the last three or four decades one third of the island is lost due to flooding. 
Steps are underway to dredge the Brahmaputra and its tributaries and remove silt deposit which in turn would control flood and erosion.

Majuli Island, rare stork birds.Times of India
 
Majuli Island, Assam. Thrillophilia

13. Connectivity with the outside world -ie. the arrival of more tourists should not affect the pristine purity and the cultural sanctity of this place. The people are very particular about safeguarding the unadulterated   Majuli’s culture and spirituality.

Ref:
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Majuli

 http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/seeking-a-permanent-address-in-majuli-world-s-largest-river-island/story-CzCtxHueKe68RCYQxHbRuM.html