Monday, 21 January 2019

Chaturbhuj Temple, Khajuraho India a captivating monyment

Chaturbhuj Temple Khajuraho, MP. Shutterstock
Shiva Sculpture Chaturbhuj Temple, Khajuraho India en. wikimedia.org
Located on the other side of the Khudar River, about 2 km (1 mile) south of Duladeo Temple, Chaturbhuj Temple Khajuraho dedicated to Lord Vishnu  is part of the Southern Group of temples. Built in AD 1090-1100, this temple was one of the last temples to be built by the Chandela kings in Khajuraho.  Modest in size, it is more or less  similar in plan to the Javari Temple, and consists of a sanctum, vestibule, mandapa and porch.
Chaturbhuj Temple, Khajuraho Indiakevinstandagephotography.wordpress.com
Above image: The sculptures set within three bands on the exterior of the temple are considered somewhat stereotyped, implying this temple was probably built not long before the Duladeo Temple, around 1100 A.D................................................
0rnate roof Chaturbhuj Temple Khajuraho en. wikimedia.org
The name Chaturbhuj in Sanskrit means one who has four arms and  here refers to Lord Vishnu. The temple dated to Circa 1100 A.D also known as Jatakari (Devanagri)Temple  taking the name after the village Jatakari[ where it is located. Among the groups of temples here, this is the only one in Khajuraho which has no  erotic sculptures. Yasovarman of the Chandela Dynasty built the temple  and the sanctum has a large  image of  God Vishnu, the trinity God who is the protector  of life. The size itself brings out the majesty of the main deity. The ornamental doorway at the entrance welcomes the visitors.
Giant Vishnu idol, Chaturbhuj Temple Khajuraho, MP Dreamstime.com
Chaturbhuj Temple, Khajuraho Indiakevinstandagephotography.wordpress.com
Above image: The huge image of  God Vishnu in the sanctum is monolithic. He has four arms, hence the name Chaturbhuj. As you can guess from the image, the sanctum is too a small one and the hall - mandab is ornate............................................
Chaturbhuj Temple, Khajuraho India Mianture sculpters  HolidayIQ
Chaturbhuj Temple, Khajuraho India Mianture sculpters  My India Travel
 Here standing at 2.75m high, four-armed   statue of Vishnu (Dakshina-murti Vishnu) is absolutely majestic and no other image of Sri Vishnu in the temples of north is comparable to this one. Carved out of a single stone, the huge image of Vishnu with a facial  expression of calm  composure, large meditative eyes and a confident  and over-bearing posture make it look  like a live-figure   pulsating with life. The temple, unlike other temples of Khajuraho,  faces  west and before sundown when the sun's rays fall on most of the stone images, they light up, bringing out the details of each image and the sight is just spell-binding. As for the quality of stone  carving of images of deities, etc, it is not as good as those in the earlier temples. This could be due to  either decline in carving  on account of lack of funds or non availability of talented sculptors at that point of time.  This nicely built temple is bereft of  the impressive  ambiance of the Western Group as the decorations on the stone are not on a grand scale. This is borne out by the fact that 
Chaturbhuj Temple, Khajuraho India  tripadvisor.com.sg
Outer Wall, Chaturbhuj Temple, Khajuraho India en. wikimedia.org
consort of Narasimha (an avatar of Vishnu) on the north side. The temple has a  small  porch followed by a  small mandap with a high roof. The sanctum - garbagriha is a small one over which lies a tall, slim shikara. New excavations are going on near-by to unravel the mystery and the hidden works of art. The near-by Duladeo Temple is an interesting one and worth a visit. So are the Jain temples close to this place.
http://www.remotetraveler.com/chaturbhuj-temple-khajuraho/

https://www.khajuraho-india.org/khajuraho-temples/southeastern-group-temples/chaturbhuj-temple-khajuraho.html
https://kevinstandagephotography.wordpress.com/2018/04/15/


Sunday, 20 January 2019

The Kandariya Mahadeva Temple, Khajuraho where romanticism is personified in stone

Published (1939)
Khajuraho Kandariya Mahadeva Temple Temple, MP Purohi
The Kandariya Mahadeva Temple (meaning "the Great God of the Cave") is the most popular temple in India, well-known for its miniature erotic stone sculptures, a romantic celebration in stone. One of the best preserved  examples of India' fine temple architecture  since  the medieval period, it a large and  the most ornate temple located at Khajuraho  in the Chhatarpur district of Madhya Pradesh in Central India. This temple complex covers over an area of 6 square km (2.3 sq mi). In 1986 itself it was  in the UNESCO List of World Heritage Sites.
Khajuraho Kandariya Mahadeva Temple,MP  Temple Advisor
Khajuraho Kandariya Mahadeva Temple,MP  myindiantravel.blogspot.com
The  Kandariya Mahadeva is believed to be  the most evolved and representative architecture in India's Chandela Dynasty period of the tenth and eleventh centuries. Structurally massive in scale the temple rests on  a large base platform four meters in height, with its tall tapering tower - Gopura rising to a height of   thirty-five meters from the ground, symbolic of Mt. Meru, which is believed to be a mythical source of creation, This temple is (102 ft) in length and 20 meters (66 ft) in width. The overlying superstructure has richly decorated roofs which rise in a grand fashion  terminating in the shikara, which has 84 miniature spires. Among the temples here, it is the tallest and grandest one; the most appealing temple that needs plenty of time to explore it. The unique feature of this temple is its indented plan highlighted by tcountless interlocking steeples and vertical clusters of carved figures. It enhances the beauty of this structure that gives a unique pattern through out the elevation up to the top.  
Khajuraho Kandariya Mahadeva Temple .en wikimedia.org
Above image:  The Kandariya Mahadeva temple was built during the reign of Vidyadhara (r. c. 1003-1035 CE). During reign of this dynasty at various periods  many famous temples dedicated to Vishnu, Shiva, Surya, Shakti of the Hindu religion and also to the Thirthankaras of Jain religion. The temple mentions the name of the builder of the temple as Virimda who is believed to be Vidhyadhara .....................................................
Khajuraho tample layout en wikimedia.org
Above image:  Temples layout map of Khajuraho Group of Monuments: at Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh Kandariya Mahadeva Temple is in the western group..........................................
Unlike the ornate exterior, the interior is not embellished and simple in appearance.  The interior of Kandariya Mahadeva, on the other hand, is quite simple and here, from the entrance, there are three mandapas or halls, which successively rise in height and width. There are three shrines combined together, one dedicated to
Khajuraho Kandariya Mahadeva Temple..wikimedia.org
Above image: Various features of the temple marked on the Kandariya Mahadeva Temple,
Khajuraho.The largest has 84 mini spires.............................
Khajuraho Kandariya Mahadeva Temple..Shutterstock
Shiva, the other one to  Shiva's consort  Parvati, and a central shrine where there is a large Lingam,  a phallic form of Shiva suggestive of his being formless - ''no beginning and no end''(in Tamil ''Aathiyum ellai, anthamum ellai''). The inner  garbagriha - sanctum is surrounded by well-connected corridors- prathakshana path  with side and front porches. Since  the temple's balconies and entrances  are not designed as to let the natural light in, it is  dark inside and is not well lit. It is obvious it created a sort of cave like ambiance inside and in contrast with the  ornate and well ornamented exterior  that never fails to get the attention of the visitors to this rare temple.
Khajuraho Kandariya Mahadeva Temple  Kevin Standage - WordPress.com

Khajuraho Kandariya Mahadeva Temple .myindiantravel.blogspot.com
It is just mind-boggling as to how the talented sculptors of that period   meticulously created a sheer number of temple carvings and set them uniformly through out creating a rhythm in the pattern  at Kandariya Mahadeva temple. The main attractions here are the  stone carvings on the outside of the temple  that include a large assortment of male gods and female goddesses with some of the most important objects of these carvings showing their subjects in eye-catching postures. The wall relief  depicts the joyous and rapturous setting of the gods' heaven, replete with beautiful flying celestial, and amorous couples shown in seductive embraces, reflecting the creative way in which sexuality is seen in Hinduism, as one of the infinite number of ways to express love for the deity.
https://web.archive.org/web/20170207105433/http://www.mwr.org.tw/conte

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kandariya_Mahadeva_Temple

Saturday, 19 January 2019

Thrikodithanam Mahavishnu Temple, Kerala built by the last Pandava brother Sahadeva

Thrikodithanam Mahavishnu temple , Kerala en.wikipedia.org/wiki
At Thrikodithanam Mahavishnu Temple, one of the five ancient shrines in the Kottayam-Alappuzha-Pathanamthitta area of Kerala,  the main deity is Mahavishnu in standing posture - in Vishvarupa pose facing east. The  presiding deity is 6 ft (1.8 m) tall. Here, he is called Athpudha Narayanan, (also known as as "Amirutha Narayanan").  His consort is Karpagavalli. The main deity is  made of an unusual black stone  locally called Aanjana-kall. This temple is glorified in  the Nalayira Divya Prabhandam (4000 devotional hymns), the 7th–9th century Vaishnava canon, by saint-poets Azhwars. A well-known  Vaishnavite saint-poet  Nammazhwar wrote 10 Pasurams on the deity here. This  temple has a two-story gopuram (tower), the top one having wood trails covering Kotturpara, a hall  meant for beating drum during festival period.
Thrikodithanam Mahavishnu temple , Kerala TemplePurohit
As in other temples,  the flag-post/ Dwajasthamba and the Deepstamba fall in the same axis with the main temple that has a rectangular plan. The sanctum has a conical roof set with terracotta tiles with a granite-base  and the Nallambalam connected to the sanctum has pillared halls and corridors. The temple has excellent wood carvings on pillars, etc depicting various Puranic episodes. The two levels of this temple have projected slanting tiled roofs to drain out  excess rain water during the rainy season, a common feature of many Kerala temples. The advantage is rain water won't enter the inner parts and the wooden  structures will be safe. The  temple features are similar to those in another temples of Kerala.  The second precicent  has shrines dedicated to Sri Shastha, Nagaraja, Yakshi,  Erankavil Bhagavathy, Balarama, etc.
The unusual feature at this temple is  Kutakkuttu, a unique dance form native to this place,  where ladies hold an umbrella while dancing  during worship.
Thrikodithanam Mahavishnu temple , Kerala TourKicks.com

Kazhuvetti Kallu at the Thrikodithanam Mahavishnu temple complex. en.wikipedia.org
Above image:  The small rectangular column with a human body is an addition in the past. It is a rare feature in any temple and may increase your curiosity.  It is a symbolic warning to people who want to enter the temple at night once it is closed after the last puja (prayer) - Ardhajamma puja. It means the deities in the temple are put to rest and the temple will be opened only in the morning. Once an arrogant  ruler got into serious problem after entering the temple  when the temple was closed upon completion of the last puja to the deity.  In the wake of it, the gatekeeper was beheaded and the king who wronged fell ill and later died. This stone is a warning to the devotees not to trouble the deities once the temple is closed for the day.


This temple is in Kottayam district and the nearest railway station is Changanassery.
 http://www.hindudevotionalblog.com/2016/11/5-pandava-temples-in-kerala.html
 https://travel.manoramaonline.com/travel/essential-kerala/2017/12/25/pandava-temple-kunti-pandavarkavu-muthukulam-alappuzha.html

Inspiring Anglican St. James Church, Kolkata (Calcutta), a colonial legacy

St. James'Church, Kolkata, WBYouTube
St. James'Church, Kolkata, WB.inspirock.comChurch .inspirock.com
Built in Gothic style in 1868 by Walter B Granville,  the St. James'
Church with its twin  spires and pointed arches both on its interior and exteriors  is  one of the elegant churches in India.  Often referred to as "Joragirja." ( meaning twin church for its twin spires),  it is  on the Lower Circular Road (AJC Road.). Granville designed many famous colonial buildings in Calcutta, notable ones being Calcutta High Court and  GPO. The present Anglican church is a big one with slopping roof painted red and has nice garden outside. Inside, there are rows of narrow windows with stained class doors. The window glasses have intricate designs that are  quite appealing. Because it is  has a high roof, it is pleasant inside.  Polished brass angels—two with folded wings, two with spread wings add beauty to the choir stalls in front of the altar, and the lectern has a massive polished brass eagle adorning it. Yet another feature of interest is an  impressive baptismal font near the main door. The imposing roof is made of wood - Mahogany that has stood the test of time  since its inception.

In 
Nebutolla Lane, near Amherst Street, Calcutta (Kolkata)  there stood an old church  of the same name  which was quite similar, in terms of design and plan to  St.Thomas’ Church on Free street. The present church was built  with a view  replacing  the old one mentioned above. It was consecrated by Bishop Reginald Heber
(21 April 1783 - 3 April 1826) on 12 November 1829 who  died in Tiruchirapalli city of Tamil Nadu while on a missionary work.


Subsequently,  the old church became severely damaged due to termite attack and lack of church activities. It almost fell into disuse.  Because of sustained neglect and poor use, it  became unsafe for divine services. A futile  attempt was made to repair the building to make it safe for services, but the roof caved in on the morning of 23 August 1859 while  the work was in progress leaving the church beyond restoration. Having no other alternatives, considering the demand for a new church,  the church authorities, made a decision to build a new church in a better place and also a school  for the children of the neighborhood. 

St. James Church, KolkataRangan Datta - WordPress.com
To raise the new church and the school, the church authorities were lucky enough to have got the full support of Archdeacon Pratt, a keen educationist and an influential person in Calcutta. He helped the church people  acquire the garden house of Mr. Coates together with its spacious grounds for the purpose. They also acquired the small property adjacent to the ground for the residence of  the Chaplain. It was across the Female European Orphan Asylum,  which  was founded in July 1815 by Mrs. Thompson, the wife of the Rev. T Thompson.

On 7 June 1862, the foundation stone of the new Church was laid  by the Honorable John Peter Grant, acting Lieutenant-Governor of Bengal. A marble tablet placed on the eastern wall of the south transept reads –
The first stone of this Church dedicated to
 St. James, was laid June 7th, 1862.
 Consecrated by Bishop Cotton 25th July, 1864.
 The Revd. Dr. Jarbo, Chaplain.


This Church has on either side  two of Calcutta's famous schools St. James & Pratt Memorial.  The church was renovated  and reopened to public on 11th Dec 2011
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._James%27_Church,_Kolkata

 https://www.tripadvisor.com/ShowUserReviews-g304558-d13226969-r552620471-St_James_Church-Kolkata_Calcutta_Kolkata_District_West_Bengal.html

Beautiful Thiruvanvandoor Mahavishnu Temple, Kerala established by one of the Pancha Pandavas - Nakula

Thiruvanvandoor Mahavishnu Temple Pancha Divya Desha Darshan
Sri Nammazhwar at Malleswaram Anudinam.org

Abvve image:  Saint ''Nammazhwar'' idol at Malleswaram Sri Venugopala Krishnaswamy Temple.  According to traditional scriptures, Nammazhwar was born in 3059 BCE in Alwarthirunagiri, Tamil Desam.  Legend has it that he remained speechless from his birth and his parents left him under a Tamarind tree at Adhinathar temple, Azhwarthirunagari.  How he remained there for 16 long years  was a miracle. More mysterious was how he gained speech and  mastery over Tamil. Great Vaishnavite saint  Madhurakavi Azhwar, through  divine power,  spotted this boy where he was residing. Nammazhwar's works  were compiled by Madhurakavi Azhwar.  He, after his long service to the lord, reached the lotus feet of Sri Vishnu on  Vaikunda Ekadasi  day at Srirangam, TN. ''Nammazhwar Moksham'' is part of Vaikunda Ekadasi celebration at Sri Ranganathar temple,  where the Araiyar Sevai,_ dance-song recital of Nalayeera Divya  Prabandham is held during the second half of 10 days, called Ra Pathu - the recital will go on for the whole night in the second half.  Here, the true devotion and Nammazhwar's cherished ascent to heaven are enacted  preferentially during the annual Vaikunda Ekadasi festival time ................................................................. 

At Thiruvanvandoor Mahavishnu Temple, one of the Pancha Pandava Kshetrams,   the main deity is Paambanaiappan/Gosala Krishna, an avatar of Sri Vishnu. It is yet another Divya Desam Kshetram as the ancient saints and poets Azhwars, who lived between 6th and 9th centuries made reference to this temple in their work ''Nalayeera Divaya Prabandham'', The annual festival  Thiruvaimozhi festival is a major colorful fete here. This temple is close to Chengannur railway station, Alappuzha District, Kerala

The presiding deity of this temple is  in a standing posture facing west. The temple was
built by Nakula,  the most handsome and the fourth of the Pancha Pandavas in the Kuru Kingdom (the present states of Delhi, Haryana, Uttarakhand and western part of Uttar Pradesh). Believed to have been consecrated by one of the Saptha Rishis (sages) Brighu who first compiled the predictive Astrology, the name of the deity is derived from  the near-by river Pamba. It is also an ancient temple as stone inscriptions (dating it back to the Second Chera Empire (800 - 1102 AD) in the temple and the works of Azhwar saint Nammazhwar ( in circa 800 AD) bear testimony to its antiquity. 

Built in Kerala style of architecture, the layout of this temple is in line with the Kerala tradition and has  two-story gateway gopurams.  The annual Thiruvaimozhi festival is held on a grand scale to   commemorate  Nammazhwar, the reputed saint who composed Thiruvoimozhi, a great devotional work on Vishnu in chaste Tamil.  The annual 51-day festival is held to celebrate the installation of the  idol of Sreekrishna  and it  concludes with Gajamela, which is a parade of 21 caparisoned  and decorated elephants.The fete includes several  colorful  floats depicting  important Puranic episodes  accompanied by  a galaxy of music players performing various instruments - mostly percussion. The highlight of this festival is the playing of  Pancharimelam  by a group  of professional performers. Yet another great event in the same evening is the fascinating Kathakali dance performance by artistes who take themes from our ancient Puranas. Lots of people and devotees attend this festival that is held with true religious fervor.
Gajamala procession, Thiruvanvandoor Gajamela’ .thehindu.com/
Annual Festival – January/February,Chithirai Tiruvonam – April/May, Janmaashtami – September, Vaikunda Ekadasi – December/January, Thiruvaimozhi Festival are celebrated here. 
https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-kerala/thiruvanvandoor-temple-fete/article7225929.ece

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thiruvanvandoor_Mahavishnu_Temple

Aranmula Parthasarathy temple, Kerala, yet another Pancha Pandava shrine built by Arjuna

Aranmula Parthasrathi temple, Kerala  flickr.co
Aranmula Parthasarathy temple near  Mallapuzhassery  Mavelikkara - Chengannur - Kozhenchery Road is  a popular Pandava temple built by Arjuna  on the banks of the river Pampa.  It is also one of the 108 ''Divya Desam'' shrines glorified by the Tamil Azhwar saints ( 6th -7th centuries). It is from here, the sacred jewels, called Thiruvabharanam of Ayyappan are taken ina  procession to Sabarimala  annually from Pandalam, and Aranmula  Also, the Thanka Anki,  an important golden attire of Ayyappa, donated by the erstwhile ruler of Travancore, is stored here and taken to Sabarimala during the Mandala puja season in late December. Aranmula, the venue of well-known   snake boat races held every year during  the Onam festival, takes festive kook during this time. as the festival is held on a grand scale. People in thousands make a beeline to this temple during the festival days.
Wall ounted deepa standAranmula Parthasrathi temple, Kerala Justdial
This popular temple built in Kerala style  with two-story gopuram  has four entrances on its outer wall and is built on an elevated platform that can be reached through a series of steps. The eastern tower is accessed through a flight of 18 steps and the northern tower  through a flight of  57 steps. The upper story in the gopuram has wooden trails and the hall is called Kottupura - from here the drums are beaten during festival time. The layout of this temple is just like other Kerala temples. Common features are  Nallambalam (including Srikovil with a conical roof), Namaskara mandabam, Balihara,  Chuttambalam (outer pavilion within the boundary wall),  etc. Devrapura (Madappalli in Tamil Nadu) is the temple kitchen where the Nivadhya offerings are made. Both the flag-post Dwajasthambam and the Deepastamba (oil light post) are in line with the Garbagriha,-Srikovil.    The Pampa River is on the west side abetting the  entrance steps to the temple.  One of the attractions in this temple is the presence of nice mural paintings on its walls dating back to early 18th century.
Viswaroopam of Sri Krishna. youtube.com


Here, the main deity in the Srikovil is  Parthasarathy who is actually Sri Krishna who was the charioteer of Arjuna in the Khurukshetra war. The main idol  is 6 ft (1.8 m) tall. Krishna is in 
 
Arjuna in the chariot. Sri Krishna as Parthasarathy, Kurukshetra war Pinterest

Vishvarupa posture, the unique and rare Darshan Sri Krishna gave to Arjuna  during the Mahabharatha war.  Legend has it  Arjuna is believed to have built the temple in Nilakal Narayanapuram and later, for unknown reason, brought  the idol to Aranmula in a raft made with six pieces of bamboo. He was helped by a poor local boy to cross the river.  Hence the name Aranmula. Arjuna built the temple to get rid of his sin of having killed Karna (yet another son of Kunti Devi) in the great war. At this kshetram, it is said, that God Vishnu revealed the knowledge of ''Creation'' to Brahma, another Trinity God from whom the demons stole the Vedas. In the second prakara, there are shrines of Sastha, Yakshi, Nagaraja and Erangavil Bhagavathy, etc in the lower shrine.
Aranmula Parthasrathi temple  Kerala HolidayIQ
Garuda Vahanam Ezhunellippu is the main event during the ten day annual Utsavam/ festival. It commences on the Atham Nakshatra in the month of Makara and concludes ten days later on the Thiruvonam day.  The 5th day event is an important one called  Anchaam Purappadu. The deity is taken out in a procession  on Garuda Vahana.
Snake boat. Aramula Parthasrathi temple,  temple in the backdrop. Myoksha Travels
The Aranmula Boat Race that falls on the last day of Oonam festival is  a famous event. Annually, it is held on the  Pamba river close to the  temple. Yet another  festival celebrated here is the Khandavana Dahanam . It is  symbolic of the Khandavana forest fire of the Mahabharata. To make this festival interesting, a replica of a forest is created in front of the temple with dried plants, leaves and twigs. Then bonfire is made out of it.  


https://www.bharattemples.com/aranmula-parthasarathy-temple-pathanamthitta-kerala/

Friday, 18 January 2019

''Azhuvetti Kallu'' at Thrikodithanam Mahavishnu Temple, Kerala - a warning to people not to enter the temple after last prayer (puja)

Azhuvetti Kallu at the Thrikodithanam Mahavishnu temple,Kerala Wikipedia
Thrikodithanam Mahavishnu temple,Kerala  /en.wikipedia.org/wik

Puja or Pooja (in Tamil pooja or poosai) is a  devotional prayer ritual  performed by Hindus as part of  worship to one or more deities.  ''Puja'' is a ''Sanskrit'' word meaning   reverence, honor, homage, adoration, and worship. Puja, the reverential display of deepa  (light), flowers, and water or food to the objects of divinity is a sacred and indispensable  ritual of Hinduism. The worshiper invokes the divinity in the image by saying a prayer and the interaction between the human and the deity, between the human and the guru, is called darshan  (seeing with devotion and respect).  In Hindu temples, the officiating priest does the Puja right before the deity and put in your wishes by being an intermediary and  prays for the welfare your family by chanting mantras. He has the authority to enter the sanctum where the god is enshrined. In Kerala temples, the tradition is the chief priest is called Thantri and his assistant is Melsanthi.  Except them nobody can officiate the pujas in Srikovil - sanctum. Normally, in all Hindu temples in the south, in particular, Tamil Nadu 6-Kala Puja is common.
For example at Chidambaram temple, the puja timing is as follows:

6.30.a.m: Paal Nivedhyam (Paduka is rvrentially taken in a procession from Palliarai (bedroom) and aarthi is done. 
7.00.a.m. Maha Aarthi
7.45 a.m.to 9.00.a.m.Kalasandhi Puja  ( first pooja of the day)
10.00a.m.to 11.00.a.m: Irandaam Kala Puja (2nd pooja of the day)
11.30.a.m.to 12.00 noon: Uchikaala Puja  (3rd pooja of the day) 5.15p.m. to 6.00.p.m: Saayarakshi  4th pooja of the day)
7.00.p.m.to 8.00.p.m: Irandam Kaalam (5th pooja of the day)
9.00.p.m. to 10.00.p.m. Ardhajaama Puja  (6th and last pooja of the day)
[During the time spatika linga abhishekam, maha aarthi and then Padhuka is taken back to palliyarai (divine bed room) in a palanquin, maha aarthi at palliyarai, chandeswarar aarthi, bhairavar aarthi, Ardhajaama sundharar aarthi will be done]. 


After the last puja, the temple is closed for the day (in local language 'Tamil' it is called Nadai Saaththuthal). The temple will be open for Darshan in the following morning.

After Arthajaama Puja 9 to 10 pm, the custom has been that in all Hindu temples, the Garbagriha and all shrines are closed and finally the main temple entrance is closed for the day and the temple will be open on the following morning. The belief is that the deities are like humans taking rest  having spent long day, blessings countless devotees and accepting  Puja  and Deepa Aarathanai every now and then. In most  temples, the main God will be taken  to the palliarai (divine bed room) where the presiding goddess will be waiting for the lord. This is normally done with reverence to the accompaniment of music. In accordance with the temple customs and tradition, the temple should not  be open once it is closed after the last puja - Ardhajama puja. If somebody does it, the belief is it is a sin and will earn the ire of the deities of that temple.

At Thrikodithanam Mahavishnu Temple (also known as Adbhuta Narayanan Temple, located at Thrikodithanam in Changanacherry, 25 km from Kottayam,  Kerala  built during the reign of the second Chera Empire in 800 AD there is a small stone  pillar between the pond and the eastern entrance of the temple, near a public platform for arts and discourses. It is a  strange piece of granite   erected upright on a  stone pillar about six feet high. It is called Kazhuvetti Kallu-  On it you will find the image of a human body -Thrikkodithanam-Atma Nirvana  His waist rests on the pillar, rest of the body is unsupported. He holds a shankhu (conch shell) in his left hand and wears the sacred thread suggesting of his caste- Brahmin.

A question may arise as to the purpose of this stone piece in a holy place. What has  this strange piece of stone  with an image of a human body on it got to do with this  Pandava temple built by  Sahadeva. 

The small column of rock  is a stern  warning that  bribery, cheating and any dishonest act  cannot be tolerated when dealing either with the divinity or tampering with certain age-old temple customs and traditions. Anybody who does blasphemous act would earn the wrath of god   and face severe consequences just like a man lying on the stone pillar.

Once a well-known Nambuthiri Brahmin , the ruler of Chembakaserry kingdom was proud of his prosperous  kingdom and the popular Sri Krishna temple.  In those days temples, being centers of divinity and spirituality,  played a pivotal role in the progressive growth of a country. The Nambuthiri ruler, being jealous of  the ruler of Nanrulainattu (capital-Thrikodithanam), wanted to cause embarrassment to him. What he did was not palatable as it was concerned with divinity - a place of public worship. H managed to make  a deliberate and untimely visit to the famous Vishnu Temple at Thrikodithanam,  knowing well that the temple was closed for that day after Seiveli puja (Aardhajama puja) - the last puja. He bribed the caretaker of the temple. When the ruler of Nanrulainattu came to know about it, he was in rage and finally had the gatekeeper beheaded. Soon the Nambuthri ruler also fell sick and later died.

So, this stone figure was installed near the temple entrance to discourage any  future offenders and others of the consequences of disturbing the gods after the temple is closed at night. This stone symbolizes jealousy, indiscretion and  retribution  and stands as a mute reminder of dire consequences if people  are purposely   engaged in undharmic act. 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puja_(Hinduism)
http://atmanirvana.com/thrikodithanam-mahavishnu-temple/
http://livelifeveryday.blogspot.com/2017/10/thrikodithanam-mahavishnu-temple.html