Sunday, 18 March 2018

Funny quotes, humor, etc - 48

Truth Follower
Quotes Of The Day
"Among the human parts, it is the most exciting one with which we express our emotions. Hence, it is god's wonderful creation which is more beneficial to women than men. For the politicians, it is a the most remarkable weapon with which they can give spell-binding stump speeches of lies and half lies. The irony is the tongue may win you laurels and also brickbats, depending on how you use it. Indian saints say, "A tongue on leash will save many a heartburn". So we need to use it carefully".

"Almost everybody is prone to flattery, the temporary sense of elation will make the person ecstatic. Both politicians and women love it very much. The former may use it to fool others to gain something. The latter fall for it only to be fooled. Well- spirited men and women will never give room to flattery. Flattery is fake and lacks truth".


"Rumor, if the time is right it will spread faster than Summer Bush fire and Dandelions. Conjectures, surmises and exaggerations below it hard  and spread it far and wide. In woman's social clubs and associations, it has the nasty habit of working overtime".
Beauty and vanity:
"Widely noticed among the women folks, both are transient and will wilt under ageing.  Soon it will disappear like a morning dew.  Do not be a slave to them and and spoil your god-given natural beauty" Bribe:
Political corruption India
2ndlook -
"No government office across the world is free from this evil. It is  a gift given with reservation  and curses in silence. It does not give the corrupt man not even one hundredth of joy when he earns his bread  the hard way". Empty coffers:
Clipart Collection - Realverse.u
Hindustan Times
"A coffer becomes empty one day if one's hoard  becomes big and charity becomes small. From political perspective,  the government coffer becomes empty if corrupt and dishonest bureaucrats lay their hands on government funds and siphon out them for their personal gains". A coffer that is full almost to the brim is healthy for the government and also for the family for future needs".

Happy  man:

"He is the one who gets up in the early morning without getting annoyed by creditors or loan sharks. He does not poke his nose into others' business and look for something to chew and work on it. Nor does he have loft ideals far beyond his capacity to reach the sky-high goals. He takes every step carefully and be content with things that give him lasting happiness and peace of mind". Lustful eyes:
Caroline in the City
 They never fail to haunt the weak-minded men, Blinded by reasoning, men with lustful eyes lack shame, pride and discretionary power. If unchecked, it will push them into the elephant pit. At stake will be their honor and dignity. 

Women's gathering:
"It is always colorful, noisy, vibrant and never loses its aura and excitment. The electrifying ambiance is never free from social gossips, accusations and  jealousy. Some times snobbery and pretencions take precedence over other equally bad traits".

Penguin Books
"It is a double-edged dagger and has positive as well as negative sides. If not controlled, it is like a wild elephant in "musth" and may run amuck. It causes damages to others and to the person himself. If controlled and disciplined it will take the man to the higher levels. Many inventions were the result of controlled imaginative power".

Saturday, 17 March 2018

Col. Bailey's dirty Dungeon, Srirangapatna fort - was it built for the British by Tipu Sultan?

Bailey Dungeon, Srirangapatna fort, KA Flickr

Srirangapatna fort, Dungeon.
Colonel Bailey's  Dungeon is part of the historical Srirangapatna fort, Srirangapatna, Karnataka that was recaptured by Tipu Sultan from the Marathas in 1872.  Made of mortar and brick, the vaulted dungeon with thick walls  is below the ground level and measures about  30.5 m long  and 12.2 m wide. it is located to the north of the Ranganatha Swamy temple and  was named after Colonel Bailey who was confined here for a pretty long time until his death in 1780 AD (some records mention 1782 AD). The dungeon  with low roof has  a series of arches resting on huge pillars dividing the interior into bays. The small town of Srirangapatna is close to Mysore - about 19 km. The fort was first built during the Vijayanagara Dynasty in 1454. It was Tipu Sultan who made the fort more formidable  and  did additional fortifications, etc.,  in consultation with the French with whom he had a military alliance to fight against his arch enemy the East India company. The EIC for a long time made a futile attempt to subdue Tipu  with  help from the Marathas and the Nizam of Hyderabad to control the fort.
Co. Bailey's Dungeon and Srirangapatna fort. HelloTravel

Col Bailey's dungeon, Srirangapatna fort, KA My Greedy Backpack
The British prisoners of  war  and others who were confined here had to undergo painful torture.  Chained on the wrists to stone slabs with  stone hooks  fixed on its walls, the prisoners had to stand in the waist-high water. The water was often dirty and infected and, further, they had to put up with leeches that stuck on the  fatigued  body in the dark dungeon that was far removed from the outside world. Hands being chained, there was no way the
Leech Clipart Panda

prisoners could get rid of the blood-sucking leeches on their body. This kind of torture ritual would continue until the prisoners agreed to sing -  to confess.The pitch dark, morbid and appealing prison condition would psychologically work on the captives. Countless British underwent this torture here and mention may be made of  other British  officers like  S, Samson, Fraser, Brithwhite, Captain Rulay,Captain Baird and Lindsay.  Col Bailey and these officers were captured during the second  Anglo-Mysore War, also called the Battle of Pollilur (September 1780). Tipu decisively  defeated the troop led by  Colonel Bailey.  Several Europeans were captured alive while more than 3,800 sepoys suffered casualties. Col Bailey became a POW and was sent to the dungeon followed by other officers mentioned above. Tipu brought many men from the troops and Colonel

 The presence of a  cannon used by Tipu is in the dungeon and one explanation for its presence here is that  when there was a military blockade at Srirangapatna, the  heavy canon rolled back and, under its  own wight, made a hole in the ceiling.  At last, fell into the dungeon which has become its permanent resting place.

Srirangapatna Fort from where Tipu Sultan fought against early British imperialism

Srirangapatna Fort, Karnataka. HolidayIQ
Built in the 15th century, the historical Srirangapatna Fort in Srirangapatna town, Karnataka is one of the outstanding monuments built during the Vijayanagar Empire. Built by  Timmanna Nayaka in 1454,  the the double-walled formidable fort gained prominence during the  reign of Tipu Sultan - "the Tiger of Mysore". Earlier, after1495, the fort changed hands - Wodeyars, Nawab of Arcot and Marathas had a hold on the fort.  In the later part of 17th century, the Wodeyars moved the capital to Srirangapatna from Mysore   and during the rule of Krishnaraja Wodeyar (1734–66), the kingdom became a strong military force. Later Military General  Hyder took control of the kingdom as the political situation was choatic under the Wodeyars. For a brief period the Marathas seized the control from Hyder Ali. Later Tipu Sultan, Hyder Ali's son in 1872 took control over the fort and began the reinforcement of the fort.  Tipu  was the sworn enemy of  the British and their dishonest dealing and at the same time  had a military alliance with the French rulers in India under Napoleon. Fully fortified and consolidated, the architecture part of it was taken care of by the French. This was done, keeping in view, the increasing risk of raids from other states as well as the British.  On the western and northern sides the river Cauvery flows and this gave the ruler addition protection and safety. Unfortunately during the major raids by the British led by Col. Wellesly,  Lal Mahal and Tipu's palace were heavily damaged. Tipu was killed within the portals of this fort on 4 may 1799 and the British ingenuously  made the advancements across the river using the gateway  on the river bank at mid day when the watchman was asleep, while
additional troops were already hidden in the trenches. This national monument is being taken care of by the ASI. 

There are two dungeons for the prisoners and seven outlets - safety exits in case of total capture of the fort. Included in the fort are the Colonel Bailey's Dungeon, Thomas Inman's Dungeon, Daria Daulat Bagh, Gumbaj containing tomb of Tipu Sultan, Juma Masjid (Masjid-E-Ala),Sri  Ranganatha swami temple, besides, monument where Tipu's body was found. The massive triangular shaped fort made of double walled granite is 40 foot tall on all three sides and can be accessed by two gateways - Mysore and Elephant gate ways.
Srirangapatna ranganatha swami temple.wikipedia
Srirangapatna ranganatha swami temple, YouTube
 Above image: A profile of the gopuram (tower) over entrance in the Ranganatha swamy temple at Srirangapatna. It is  believed to have been built by Sri Ramanuja, the proponent of Vaishnadvaita philosophy with the grants from Dwarasamudra, the 12th century Hoysala king. Tipu's palace entrance is opposite to the temple. Tipu Sultan never destroyed this temple and also the other temple Narasimha Swami temple near by. The Wodeyar kings of the Kingdom of Mysore also patronized this temple.
Srirangapatna fort.Jumma Masjid (Masjid-i-Ala). ASI Bengaluru
Above image: Situated on a higher platform, the Jumma Masjid ( Masjid-i-Ala) inside the fort forms a landmark of Srirangapatna across the river Cauvery for people coming from Bangalore. Built during 1786-87 by Tipu, the mosque located close to the Bangalore Gate has two minarets. The balconies with gallery  separate each stage of the minaret. In the minarets as well as the walls of the rectangular terrace there is a 
series of arched openings. The two story  Masijid has no dome A Madrasa is functioning 
in the  mosque,  where the essence of of Islam is imparted.
Srirangapatna fort, Colonel Bailey's Dungeon, wikipedia. org.

Above image: Bailey's Dungeon - the captives  were subject to tough punishments here. One being they were chained at the wrists and tied to the stone slab with wrists in the cold water. Tipu Sultan built these dungeons to punish the British, in particular. Col. Bailey spent much of his confinement here, hence the dungeon is named after him. He died in 1780.
Hi! Bengaluru
Above image: Daria Daulat Bagh (literally 'Garden of the Wealth') is a palace situated in the city of Srirangapatna, an island in the river Kaveri, about 14 km from Mysore in southern India. It is mostly made out of teak wood.  The Dariya Daulat Palace (Summer Palace) that is set amidst beautiful gardens called D
Daria Daulat Bagh. Tipu Sultan popularly known as the "Tiger of Mysore", built this palace in 1784.
Rocketman Tipu Sultan of Mysore. The Better India

Srirangapatna fort. rocket court in ruin
Above image: Tipu's world famous missiles launched from the place in the above image. It was in ruins long ago. I do not know the present condition of the place where Tipu had set the launch pads. To the visitors' it is an eye-sore. This place's saga of 18th century rocts is hidden in rubbish and broken stones.
Historians  described the Mysorean rockets  developed by Tipu as the scourge of the British. His father, earlier, used the missiles against the British and took them by surprise. Tipu's  ingenuity and courage  got  him the sobriquet "Tiger of Mysore". Tipu Sultan's rocket- missile with iron-cased heat resistant tube could travel long distance and cause formidable damage on the enemy side. The raining dangerous missiles  had the Duke of Wellington, Arthur Wellesley, on the run for cover and safety in the fourth Mysore war. Some of these rockets were seized by the British army and are currently on display at London's Royal Artillery Museum.

Tipu Sultan has become an immortal Indian ruler in Indian history and, as for his push for Islam during his reign, he, despite his remarkable records, remains a riddle.

Friday, 16 March 2018

India Pale Ale - It's an interesting story!!

Craft beer CartoonStock
The story of India Pale Ale and its growth is told  several times by historians and and writers who go after the origin of many brews. Nevertheless, it an interesting one because the entire British community settled in India in the 18th and 19th centuries needed some kind of alcoholic brew of suitable taste to wet their dry throat and to get sober. During the colonial days, when the British had established their hegemony over a vast land in India, they needed a better and efficient army to defend their possessions  and treasures and move their war weapons, etc., across the Indian subcontinent  that geographically  varied from place to place.  They supplied British army to the Maharajahs and Nabobs to defend their kingdom against their  enemies for an annual fee. At the same time, to get their business going, they diabolically saw to  it that they were squeezing each others' throat.  Besides, dealing with thick and wild jungles infested with dangerous  animals, mosquitoes and poisonous snakes became a serious problem for the army and pioneers when moving from one place to another in the early days. On top of it, they had to survive  hot Indian summer and wet Monsoon. Accustomed to living in a cold country where the Sun did not trouble them, the British, with their khaki uniform, not only became parched and sun baked, but also sweated profusely during the hot days in their line of duty. In the middle of nowhere, expecting ice-filled Gin  and tonics was far beyond their dream. So, during the 18th century, the British Army, Navy, sailors and the British settlers  who ran farms, business, etc.,  in India missed the drink closest to their heart - their beer. They badly needed something alcoholic -  fermented magic to subdue their frustration and fatigue  - just to cool off and forget their mundane existence in a sun-soaked land. 

The Brits in India in the early stages of their rule had an access  only to light Porter beer - specifically dark and heavy one, that was  the most popular brew of that time   in cold London. But, it was not fit for the tropical climate as it was not hopped. It failed to give them the necessary kick and thrill because  it often arrived sour, stale, infected and flat. Sometimes  it arrived with off-flavors ranging from cardboard to rotten vegetables.  In many cases  the barrels  were leaky or broken (may be caused by too much rattling on the high seas) and, sometimes, almost emptied by ship riders en route. For many boozers disappointment and frustration were writ on their face as they could not down a foul-smelling beer.
Beer In India -

IPA -_India Pale Ale was the right answer to the problem of quenching the parched British Army in India where, in the horrible tropical heat, it was difficult to make a nice brew with long shelf-life. The British officials frantically  wanted some kind of brew that could survive  grueling six-month journey without refrigeration from Britain to India and was good enough to consume. Thus IPA was specifically made in England for the British Angelo Indians. It is a beefed-up version of pale ale, using more hops and with a higher alcohol content. It became a popular brew  with British troops stationed in the various barracks of India in the 19th century, when the subcontinent was under the control of the British Crown.  In all social gatherings,  you could see British Bobs  either trading talks with their fiancee or  relaxing over this brew.  Bow Brewery, England  came up with a new version of a brew that was later called India Pale Ale. The name was based on its color and  was not dark or brown. As to it's exact origin and method of preparation, controversy still persists. Any way, it gave the British the required break when they were off duty or on holidays.  

Surprisingly IPA - India Pale Ale became the most sought-after beer internationally  and its sale increased manifold between 1775 to 1800. Later
Lager became popular  for many reasons like industrialization, better techniques, mass production, etc. However, IPA is believed to be the strongest name in craft beer circles and coinciding with the craft beer revolution starting in the USA, IPA  regained  some of the lost ground and became a popular brew.

It was the arrival of October Ale in India that gave  British soldiers and others  a sigh of relief  and satisfaction.  In the 1780s, a London brewer  by the name of Hodgson successfully made a strong  heavily hopped beer called  October Ale that would normally be aged like wine before drinking. The beer, surprisingly, survived the rough and long sea- voyage and over a time improved taste-wise. This prototype IPA (beer)  gradually became paler and more refreshing to suit the Indian climate.  The higher alcohol percentage, in the beer had an advantage and kept the British Bobs in thrall. They could get drunk faster than expected and never felt homesick being in India. Extra hopping and a bit higher alcohol content made all the difference!! 

Some beer historians say that
Hodgson involvement in India trade was on a low key level. That the IPA was first introduced by Hodgson by hopping and increasing alcohol content is not true. Prior to him, 18th century brewers were making IPA that could survive long trip to India; anyway, the discovery of IPA by the English changed the drinking habit of the people world over and the tropical India gave them the impetus to subdue the British men's thirst in a hot country.

Thursday, 15 March 2018

Goa Inquisition - Was St. Francis Xavier a saint or a religious terrorist?

Goa Inquisition. St. Francis Xavier and his victims. Facebook
The very purpose of religion is to train a man to lead a disciplined life in all spheres of day to day social activities. All religions highlight love, compassion and care for others irrespective of caste, creed, religion and countries. There is no room for violence or hatred. Nor is there a space for advocating terror and intimidation to  spread religion and its tenets. When the fundamental purpose of a religion is defeated, there will be anarchy and chaos. Goa Inquisition, initiated by St. Francis Xavier is suppressed from the Indian history; here the casualty is transparency. The undeniable fact is it is one of the darkest chapters in Indian history under foreign occupation and many school History textbooks do not mention about it. Unfortunately, many Indian historical events  either do not get the needed exposure or purposely get distorted and stunted. The truth must be told as it is, if not, history does not carry any relevance at all. 

In the matter religious policy of the Portuguese in Goa, the  missionary work of St. Francis Xavier,  was worthy of mention - not in the right sense, but in terms its  perversion and misuse  on the Indian soil. He is one of the most over-hyped “Christian Saints” ever projected by the Catholic higher authorities.
iz Quotes
In 1538, King John III, of Portugal expressed his  keen desire to send missionaries to the orient and sought the advice of  Ignatius de Loyola in Rome. Francis Xavier was chosen for the task and sent to  Portugal in 1541. In the history of Christianity we have come across a handful of preachers who used violence and torture as main tools to spread Christianity across the continents. Some historians view that such politically motivated Inquisition by the government , using the religious institutions is a stern warning to those who may challenge the government's power. If people get killed in the name of the Government, this will invite protests and resistance from the people. On the other hand, if they get killed in the name of God, there will be less resistance and the government may get away with it. Mixing government and religion is conducive to bad governance.
AZ Quotes
St. Francis Xavier statue (1506 –3 déc.1552)iconographie chrétienne

 Above image:  In a letter dated 16 May 1546,
Francis Xavier requested the ruler of Portugal, King John III  to launch Goa Inquisition in May 1546. His suggestion was implemented in 1560, eight years after Xavier's death. Jesuit missionaries felt there was  a serious threat to the purity of Catholic Christian belief and pressed for Inquisition with a view to punishing the Crypto-Hindus, Crypto-Muslims and Crypto-Jews,   .................................

It was St. Francis Xavier who,  for the first time, brought torture, violence, intimidation and terror to Goa to  harass  the peace-loving Indian natives and to force them to become Catholic Christians against their wish. Not knowing Indian history and the intellectual capacity of the Indians and their solid contribution in Astronomy, Maths, Arts and Science, temple architecture, languages, etc.,  he thought Indian were heretics and Pagans and worshipped  Devils and Demons in idol forms, and intellectually inferior.   He wanted them to follow western religion, western culture and shun vegetarianism and their native religion that has been around for centuries. Instead, he wanted them to eat beef, pork and the meat of other slaughtered animals and behave like Europeans with poise and decorum. In a simple word he expected the "Indians to ape Europeans" and their way of life, food and drinking habit including music, in particular, Portuguese. 
Francis Xavier landed in Goa backed by his earlier participation in Inquisition  in Spain and Portugal  where he had gained  first hand experience of persecuting thousands of Jews and Muslims, using torture, violence and terror.  On May 16, 1545, anxious as he was about the spread of Christianity in the new land of Goa, he made a request to the  King of Portugal to establish Inquisition in Goa. He mentioned, "The second necessity for the Christians is that Your Majesty establish the Holy Inquisition in Goa because there are many who live according to the Jewish Law and according to the Mohammedan Sect, without any fear of God or Shame of the World. And since there are many Hindus who are spread all over the fortresses, there is the need of the Holy Inquisition, and of many preaches, Your Majesty should provide such necessary things for your loyal and faithful subjects in India".

However, St. Xavier did not see his wish fulfilled on the soils of Goa. But he knew the role of torture and brutality in Inquisition. Driven by religious zeal, in the year 1560 the King of Portugal sent the first Official inquisitors Aleixo Dias Falcfo and Francisco Marques, to India and they established the Inquisition in Goa. This Inquisition was finally abolished only in 1812. The files relating to several crimes committed by the Jesuits  in Goa were kept there first and later taken to Lisbon, apparently to tamper them. It is difficult to gather the true severity of savagery and torture committed by the Jesuits.
Almost all of  Goa Inquisition's records were burnt by the Portuguese when the inquisition was abolished in 1820. However, some records left by the French physician Charles Dellon (also a victim of the Goan Inquisition), and others, point out  that nearly 70% of those found guilty of Crypto-Hinduism were executed and  many prisoners starved to death. The surviving records of missionaries from 16th to 17th century, states Délio de Mendonça, extensively stereotypes and criticizes the Gentiles, a term that broadly referred to Jews, Hindus and Muslims.  Goa Inquisition proceeding, it is recorded, displayed prejudice and racial discrimination against Indians in their own motherland by the invaded Europeans. More than 2000 Indian Christians were murdered during this period and a big chunk of Indian Christians moved over to South Canara in Karnataka and settled down there.  
Goa Inquisition sketch(1560-1820).
 Above image: A version of historic Portuguese Inquisition banner in Goa. The dog sketch varies.

On the advice Cardinal Henrique of Portugal Aleixo Díaz Falcão as the first inquisitor  established the first tribunal. The holy council began their official basic Inquisition work in a palace called Holy House in 1560. Portuguese called it Orlem Goro  or Big House,

The palatial office of Goa

 Above image: The Goa Inquisition office was housed in the former palace of Sultan Adil Shah of Bijapur (Karnataka)........

with two hundred cells for the infidels. Earlier it was the residence of the Portuguese Governors of Goa till 1554.  For the express purpose of Inquisition and its successful implementation, the government made certain  suitable modifications  including a Chapel. Added in the palace were  confinements, torture chambers with latest and improvised gadgets for  the heathens and infidels.
The Strappado, used as public punishment,en.wikipedia.o

 Above image: The Strappado, also known as Corda, is a form of torture wherein the victim's hands are tied behind his or her back and suspended by a rope attached to the wrists, typically resulting in dislocated shoulders. Weights may be added to the body to intensify the effect and increase the pain. This kind of torture would generally not last more than an hour, without rest,as it would likely result in death (Wikipedia).

An array of torture gadgets would reveal how cruel and mean were the frenzied  religious heads whose main purpose was to banish  paganism for good in Goa  and to introduce the true religion of  Jesus Christ among the natives. The so-called torture
Christian torture device "Rack"ine Art America
 Above image:  "Rack" is  a rectangular, usually wooden frame, slightly raised from the ground, with a roller at one or both ends. The most commonly known torture device from the Middle Ages.

The victim’s hands and feet were tied to each end and the rollers would be turned, stretching the victim’s body to uncomfortable lengths. As the interrogation continues, a handle and ratchet mechanism attached to the top roller are used to very gradually increase the tension on the chains, inducing excruciating pain.  One fearsome aspect of being stretched too far on the rack is the loud popping noises made by snapping cartilage, ligaments or bones...............................

device Rack’- a system of Pulleys designed to tear the limbs of Hindus apart, described in contemporary accounts is a valid  proof of the ingenuity of these inquisitors. To break the legs and knees of the heretics and pagans, no device was more suitable than the ‘Strappado’ used by Goa Inquisitors. The holy men did not leave the Indian women alone. The came up with a special a horror house device to make them scream which will blow the room. The ingenious torture device is called ‘Breast-Ripper’, an iron vice which was heated red-hot and used to tear out breasts. Thanks to St. Francis, he had no mercy on women; he never excluded women from torture.
St. Francis Xavier's mortal remains & Basilica of Bom Jesus, Goa Wikimedia Commons

Goa Inquisition.

Above image:  An 18th century French sketch showing a man condemned to be burnt alive by the Goa Inquisition. The stake is behind to his left, the punishment sketched on shirt. It was inspired by Charles Dellon's persecution...........................
An instrument with sharp spikes was used to cut the ears of the pagans. The purported Holy House (of Christ) was cruelty, barbarism and wickedness personified run by fools and vicious savages just out of uncivilised society.  The corrupt and nauseating religious orders gave a run on Goa and her people. Inquisition, which was introduced in 1560  lasted until the year 1812, a  long span of 252 years of horror and terror in the name of Christ  for the purpose of destroying paganism and introducing the true religion of Christ.  The Inquisition in Goa, in terms of its brutality and savagery, was tagged as  ''the worst of the existing inquisitions in the catholic orb of the five parts of the world, as felt unanimously by national and foreign writers.
Christian terror gadget. Goa Inquisition
Above image: Yet another model of "Strappado". The  victim is suspended in the air by a rope attached to his hands that are tied behind his back.
Christian terror gadget Breast -ripper.en.Wikipediaorg

Above image:  Brest-ripper for honorable women. The instrument, made from iron, was designed to rip the breasts from a woman  and was usually heated  during torture. They were designed to shred, or tear off the breasts of the victim. If the woman did not die, she would be horribly disfigured for the rest of her life. It was used on women who were accused of adultery or self-performed abortion. In Goa Inquisition, Christian preachers used this painful torture instruments on Indian women for conversion purpose. St. Francis was aware of this device meant for women. It was used in Spanish Inquisition......... 

Saint Francis Xavier, S.J. (7 April 1506 – 3 December 1552), was a Navarrese Basque Roman Catholic missionary, born in Javier (Xavier in Navarro-Aragonese or Xavier in Basque), Kingdom of Navarre (present day Spain), and a co-founder of the Society of Jesus was a companion of Saint Ignatius of Loyola and one of the first seven prominent Jesuits

The pathetic fact is this Jesuit who propagated violence and torture as a means to popularize Christianity and who played a pivotal role in Spain and Goa Inquisition  was beautified by Pope Paul V on 25 October 1619 and canonized by Pope Gregory XV on 12 March 1622. In 1624 he was made co-patron of Navarre alongside Santiago and was one of the greatest missionaries since Saint Paul. He converted lot of people across the globe not through love and humility but through displaying torture gadgets and humiliation - a total departure from what Christ had preached. Christ took upon himself the sins committed by people, but contrary to Christ's preaching, St Francois and his pseudo Christian missionaries behaved much worse than the "Devils in the Hades". Several of my Christian friends had no idea about Goa Inquisition and its impact on Hindus, Muslims, Jews and even Syrian Christian of India. Nor are they aware that St. Francis Xavier was one the most cruel and despicable Christian Evangelist in the annals of modern Christian history. In India, there are so many well-known institutions, including Management Schools, carrying St. Francis Xavier's name  and the people there extol him and his virtues. I wonder whether they are aware of his major role in killing and maiming thousands of innocent non-Hindus and native Christians on the soil of Goa during Inquisition introduced by him? In terms of savagery and butchery with no room for compassion and mercy there was no difference between St. Francis Xavier  and early 20th century American mafiosi of "Prohibition Era" whose lives were interwoven with violence, extortion, torture, murder, etc.

By 1567, over 300 Hindu temples over the Konkan Coast had been reduced to rubble. Wiped out across the face of Goa are the time-honored  art, sculpture, and tradition that had been there for a pretty long time.
Francis Xavier, having  left Lisbon on 7 April 1541, his thirty-fifth birthday, along with two other Jesuits and the new viceroy Martim Afonso de Sousa, on board the Santiago arrived in Goa (then capital of Portuguese India) on 6 May 1542.  Being a hard core Catholic, an anti-reformist, anti- Brahman, he was one of the six preachers  who founded the Society of Jesus on 15th August, 1534.  He landed in Goa
with a strong resolve to stamp out paganism from the Indian soil and imparting the nuances of Christian faith  in its place. To achieve it, he proposed persecution and oppression of the Hindus and other faiths.  Hindu temple destruction and other places of worship, fraudulent and forceful conversions (sometimes with enticements), all were undertaken with missionary zeal under his expert guidance and advice. No mercy was shown on the Pagans, non-Christians and native Christian who were not true to their faith. Christian compassion and understanding marked by unsurpassed nobility took precedence over native faiths. His grunge for the Brahmins may be borne out from the following statement made by Xavier to the ruler,  

"There is in these parts among the pagans a class of men called Brahmans If it were not for the Brahmans, we should have all the heathens embracing our faith".(Goel,St Francis Xavier p.10)

 St. Francis opined, "Hindus are an unholy race. They are liars and cheats to the very backbone. Their idols are black—as black as black can be— ugly and horrible to look at , smeared with oil and smell in a evil manner.

So, Fr. Francis thought conversion was the only option to civilize these idolaters. He needed trained missionaries to cover vast population, so  he was solely responsible for founding St.Paul’s College for training native missionaries to expand Christianity in foreign lands, and particularly, in the east. With respect to  evangelism practised by St Xavier, Hector  mentions : In the matter of conversion Xavier held exceedingly crude ideas. His great aim was to get hold of the younger portion of the population. Tens of thousands of defiant Hindus were murdered or worked to death in mines, ships, and factories- often starved or beaten to death by Christian supervisors Simple practice of Hinduism or even suspicion was enough to punish the Hindus and others. 

Every year  the feast of Saint Francis Xavier is celebrated on the 3rd of December with lot of joy and gaiety in Goa and lots of people cutting across religion castes, etc visit the Old Goa Church - the basilica of Bom Jesus where the mortal remains of St.Francis Xavier are kept. They actively participate in the feast of this Saint. Unfortunately, none of them is aware that Xavier was the one who introduced Inquisition in India and terrorized  Hindus, Muslims, Jews and others by using torture. Thus he totally destroyed the fabric of Goa - its culture, tradition, religion and the native language. He did not even spare the native Christians, in particular St. Thomas Christians either. Under Aleixo de Menezes, the Synod of Diamper in 1599 under duress converted the East Syriac Saint Thomas Christians (also known as Syrian Christians or Nasranis) of Kerala to the Roman Catholic Church. Reason:  They allegedly practiced the Nestorian heresy (meaning: the human and divine persons of Christ are separate).The persecution went on till the Coonan Cross oath and Nasrani rebellion in 1653. When the Dutch took over Fort Kochi in 1663, it resulted in the expulsion of Portuguese from Malabar.  Historian Alfredo de Mello describes the performers of Goan inquisition as ..............."nefarious, fiendish, lustful, corrupt religious orders which pounced on Goa for the purpose of destroying paganism (ie Hinduism) and introducing the true religion of Christ (Wikipedia).

Many accounts point out that Xavier was an extremely racist person and hated Indians, their native cultures and traditions. Many historians point out suppression of true history of Goa under the Portuguese and the feasts celebrated in Xavier's name mean "glorifying a perverted saint who took to violence to spread the Gospel of Love in Goa and elsewhere". A section of Indian Christians in Karnataka even wanted his mortal remains in a Goa church to be sent to Spain or Portugal.

Francis Xavier, conscientious people  would say, was not at all a saint like St. Thomas as he was instrumental in creating   one of the bloodiest chapters in Indian history in the 16th and 17th centuries. Even if Christ were alive to day, he wont accept Xavier as a saint. Since violence was his forte, if St. Francis were alive to day, his right place would be Palarmo, Sicily where he would be enjoying the patronage of Cosa Nostra, a dreaded group of Sicilian Mafiosi (the mob).

Délio de Mendonça (2002). Conversions and Citizenry: Goa Under Portugal, 1510-1610. Concept. pp. 382–385. ISBN 978-81-7022-960-5.