|News of execution of Bahgat Singh.24th of March, 1931.(Source: guruprasad.net).grabhouse.com|
|Statues of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev at the India–Pakistan Border, near Hussainiwala.en.wikipedia.org|
|The Revolutionarist's• Lala Lajpat Rai –revolted against the All British Simon commission. He was beaten by the British with sticks• Chandra Shekar Azad.www.slideshare.net|
|Headed the commission -Sir John Simon (1873-1954).ashoksridharan.wordpress.com|
|Shaheed Sardar Bhagat Singh Famous Quotes English.sharepicshub.blogspot.com|
In February 1928, a committee from England visited India headed by Simon, It came to be known as ''the Simon Commission''. The purpose of the committee's India visit was to decide how much freedom and responsibility could be given to the people of India. Indian leaders wanted full freedom, not freedom in piecemeal.The most disgusting part of the commission was all the members were British and there was not even a single Indian to represent the huge sub-continental people. Following this in many parts of India, there were agitations by the people and in one voice the people protested ''Simon go back'' In some places the agitation turned out to be violent, causing greater confusion and violence. The commission visited Lahore on 30 October, 1928, Lala Lajpat Rai, a great patriot and freedom fighter led a protest march against the commission. One James Scot, Police Chief ordered lathi charge on the rioting crowd. Rai was severely hurt in the brutal police lathi (baton) charge and he died a few weeks later. Doctors claimed the lathi charge on Rai hastened his death. The British Raj, however, dismissed it as rubbish. Bhagat Singh and Rajguru shot and killed the British Officer one Sanders who had hit Lala Lajpat Rai and was responsible for his death. This was done to avenge the British officer officer and this way he and his friend became vigilantes. They eluded efforts by the police to capture them and they were at large for some time.
The British Government wanted to place in April, 1929 before the central Legislative Assembly two important bills that could harm Indians and the country's interest. The viceroy had enormous veto powers and even if the assembly could reject the bill, Viceroy could invoke his special powers that would see the easy passage of the bills. When Bhagat Singh and another freedom fighter Batukeshwar Dutt came to about the intention of the British, they just wanted to create panic and fear among the British administrators and it was not their intention to hurt people. The very idea of throwing a bomb in the assembly was to impress on the British that they should not pass bills in the assembly that would be very much against the interests of India. Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt, as planned, threw two bombs along with leaflets inside the assembly. As expected by them, both were arrested soon after this attack.
While in jail, Bhagat Singh gained nation-wide support and publicity when he under took a 116-day fast in jail, demanding equal rights for European prisoners and those Indians imprisoned for political reasons. During this time, a Special Tribunal produced sufficient evidence against him for a conviction in the Saunders case. An appeal at the Privy Council in England also went against him. He was convicted and subsequently hanged for his participation in the murder of officer Sanders. On 24th of March 1931 Bhagat Singh walked up to the hanging rope kissed it and put it around his neck to be hanged.
In their trial Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt stated, "If the deaf are to hear, the sound has to be very loud. When we dropped the bomb, it was not our intention to kill anybody. We have bombed the British Government. The British must quit India and make her free."
Bhagat Singh became "Shaheed Bhagat Singh" or Martyr at the age of 23. Baghat Singh was too young to die as a freedom fighter. He has made a permanent niche in the heart of every patriotic Indian across India and will live ever in the heart of people of future generation as well.
The great patriot Bhagat Singh is commemorated with a large bronze statue in the Parliament of India, New Delhi as well as a range of other memorials.
Ray, Shreya (20 January 2012). "The lost son of Lahore". Live Mint. Retrieved 30 January 2012.
Rana, Bhawan Singh (2005a), Bhagat Singh, Diamond Pocket Books (P) Ltd., ISBN 978-81-288-0827