|Bottled T\toddy(kallu), Kerala. flickr.com|
|Drunk man shutterstock.com|
|A drunk hitting a woman with insensitive people around. dbpost.com/|
|bottled toddy (kallu). english.manoramaonline.com|
|India coconut climbing, Alamy.com.|
In India and South Asia, Arecaceae and Borassus coconut palms and Palmyra palms get preference. Lala palm (Hyphaene coriacea) is widely used and palm wine produces unrefined sugar called jaggery by evaporation widely used in India for cooking, etc.
|Coconut climbing .shutterstock.com|
In Kerala palm wine is sold in toddy shops (known as Kallu Shaap in Malayalam, and Kallu Kadai in Pondicherry and Tamil Nadu (now banned in TN). The absence of legal toddy in TN has encouraged illicit distillers to moonshine producing arrack and sell methanol-contaminated alcohol, which sometimes may turn lethal and cause death and diseases (other forms of palm wine like arrack are banned by the govt.). To discourage this practice, authorities have pushed for inexpensive kallu in some states.)
In Kerala where hard liquor shops are strictly regulated, making toddy is legal and one needs a license from the excise department to sell it. Since 1917 Kallu - the sweet brew has been the official totemic drink of Kerala tourism. similar to Goa's local brew Feni. It is an agrarian based industry in this state that has the largest coconut, etc groves. About 50000 people are making their livelihood in this thriving industry that is protected by a welfare board under the labor department.
|man high on alcoholic brew. shutterstock.com|
Toddy has an alcohol content of about 8.1% and is considered natural alcohol, and a health drink in Kerala that promotes immunity against many diseases. New regulations reduce the alcoholic content to 2% to 3 % to attract tourists. ''Traditionally toddy has been considered different from other forms of liquor,” The Kerala Abkari Act of 1902 distinctly defines toddy from spirit, beer, liquor and arrack.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palm_winehttps://www.holidify.com/pages/toddy-in-kerala-378.html