|Richard Wellesley. .www.en.wikipedia.org|
|A map of the war theater. Srirangapatna, Mysore 4th Angelo Mysore war..en.wikepedia.org.|
Born in Ireland, the eldest son of Garret Wesley, 1st Earl of Mornington, an Irish peer, and Anne, the eldest daughter of Arthur Hill-Trevor, 1st Viscount Dungannon, Richard Wellesley (Christ Church, Oxford), became the Governor-General of India between 1798 and 1805 and later served as Foreign Secretary in the British Cabinet and as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He began his political career as a Lord of the Treasury under William Pitt the Younger. Soon after becoming the member of the Board of Control over Indian affairs, he became familiar with Indian affairs; hence he was chosen for the post of Governor-General of India (18 May 1798 – 30 July 1805). He was preoccupied with further expansion of Indian lands as Robert Clive had done earlier, and also with the French rivalries.
He was also aware of the close association of Tipu Sultan and the French army stationed in India under the French government. Tipu, son of Hyder Ali, Mysore ruler, very much understood the consequence of British imperialism in India and, being cautious as he was, he was ahead of competent Maratha warriors and others. He took the honor of introducing Mysorean rockets, for the first time, as a military weapon with specially heat- resistant iron-cased tube that carried the charge. His deadly missiles packed with various sharp objects could be launched 5 to ten simultaneously, covering more than a kilometer distance and and causing devastation upon landing. He had a well organized regiment for his rocket division. For the British, the very mention of Mysorian rockets caused nightmares because their impact on the enemy was effective and formidable. Tipu also had a special Navy and had his ships built with brass alloy bottom to avoid rusting. Before effecting a close alliance with the French, Wellesley decided to take on Tipu and disbanded the French troops entertained by the Nizam of Hyderabad. A swift action brought the end of final Mysore war with Tipu who was killed on the battle field on May 4th of 1799. In 1780 the defeat of Marathas by his brother Arther Wellesley saw the further decline of powerful Indian rulers and the rise of British power and authority in India. The influence of French in India also declined drastically during his period. In the aftermath of these wars and of the treaties that followed them the French influence in India slowly died but forty million people and ten millions pounds of revenue were added to the British dominions - greatest asset for the British Crown.
|Tipu Sultan of Mysore. www.thehindu.com.|
After the fall of Tipu Sultan, his famous rockets were taken to England for scrutiny. They were renamed Congreve after William Congreve who redesigned and developed it, using Mysorian rockets as models. Congreve rockets were introduced in the British service in 1806.
|Death of Tipu Sultan. Quorain.|
|.Battle of Waterloo, Belgiam.www.wikipedia.org|
|Napoleon, Wellington and Blücher.www.militaryhistorytours.co.|
As for Lord Wellesley, both the last Mysore War May, 1799 and the Battle of Waterloo June, 1815 in Belgium were turning points and, no doubt, he was twice victorious, indeed, a rare honor, considering the reputation of both the French and Indian rulers. He died at the ripe age of 82 on 16 September 1842 at Knightsbridge, London.