Yoga ( Sanskrit) denotes a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practises or disciplines that are done on a regular basis. Originated in ancient India, it dates back to pre-Vedic Indian traditions and, it is mentioned in the Rigveda, but most likely yoga developed around 5th and 6th centuries BCE as part of ancient India's ascetic and śramaṇa movements. Yoga is widely mentioned in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. As for the western society, it follows a modern form of Hatha yoga (origin: 9th and 11th century with roots in tantra), as exercise, consisting largely of various postures called asanas. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali that dates from the first half of the 1st millennium CE had gained prominence in the West in the 20th century. In the last three decades Cardiac researchers in the west , upon various studies of yoga and its impact on human health have found that that there exists a close link among heart condition, meditation and yoga. According to a study undertaken in 2017 in India yoga and aerobic exercise together may improve heart disease risk factors and the study has pointed out significant improvement in heart health when patients practice both activities without fail.
Patients who practise yoga in addition to aerobic exercise report
twice the reduction in blood pressure, body mass index and cholesterol levels when comparing with those who neither practice yoga nor do aerobic exercises.
According to research presented at the 8th Emirates Cardiac Society Congress in collaboration with the American College of Cardiology Middle East Conference October 19-21, 2017 in Dubai, it was shown that change of life style could aid in reducing the risk of death due to heart disease when yoga was used alongside medical management. It is to be emphasized that yoga originated in ancient India is a blend of whole exercise of body, mind and soul. Researchers in this study, particularly, studied the effect of Indian yoga and aerobic exercise on the coronary risk factors of obese patients with heart condition and type 2 diabetes.
The research study covered a huge sample of 750 patients who had some kind of heart condition. One group of 225 patients took part in aerobic exercise activities, another group of 240 patients practiced Indian yoga, and a third group of 285 did both that yoga and aerobic exercise. Each group did three, six-month sessions of yoga and/or aerobic exercise.
The researchers found out that 'aerobic exercise only' and 'yoga only groups' showed similar reductions in blood pressure, total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL, weight and waist circumference. In the case of the 'combined yoga and aerobic exercise group' it showed a two times greater reduction in comparison to the other groups. Besides, it also also showed significant improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction, diastolic function and exercise capacity.
The research study showed the following results according to Sonal Tanwar, PhD, a scholar in preventative cardiology, and Naresh Sen, DM, PhD, a consultant cardiologist, both at HG SMS Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India: "Combined Indian yoga and aerobic exercise reduce mental, physical and vascular stress and can lead to decreased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity," It is imperative patients with heart condition could benefit from doing Indian yoga on a regular basis along with aerobic exercise They should make them both as part of daily life.
American College of Cardiology. "Yoga and aerobic exercise together may improve heart disease risk factors: Study shows significant improvement.