Tuesday, 3 December 2019

British Major William Alexander Brown was the man who created a mess in Kashmir in the 1940s

Kashmir  has been a contentious issue between ''Theocratic'' Pakistan and ''Democratic'' India ever since its illegal occupation in part of Kashmir in 1948 soon after partition. Gilgit and Baltistan abutting China border are part of Kashmir  and they  now form part of ''Pakistan occupied Kashmir'' and it is nothing but illegal occupation by the belligerent neighbor. With the problem of Kashmir which is legally part of the Indian Union remaining unresolved  for decades, several months ago the Indian government made a right move that is abrogation of article 370  and 37A of the Indian constitution  which gave special status to Kashmir. This article had countless holes/ impediments. One being the people of Kashmir do not enjoy freedom on par with other states in the Indian union.  The other being the state government had more powers than the central government and this helped Pakistan  send in more terrorists into  the state  to create mischief and violence  with support from local traitors and the state administration has remained a mute spectators. Handicapped with less power in matters related to Defence of this state,etc  Delhi could not take drastic steps against the terrorist activities going on there in collusion with certain separatists organizations based in Kashmir. These organizations  do not care for the progress of Kashmiris. Rather, they get donations and wallowing in large amount of money. These leaders send their children abroad for higher studies and live in palatial houses with expensive cars and other luxuries, all in the name of liberation of Kashmir. The thoroughly misled Kashmir youths by these separatists' emotional rhetoric failed to give priority to their education. Nor did they realize their responsibility toward their families. Besides these  hardcore separatists (JKLF) on advice from religious fanatics  and  Inter-Services Intelligence  in Pakistan  engaged in religious persecution  and cleansing in Kashmir  and in  1989 and 1990, drove  away under threats to their lives  lakhs of native Hindus called Kashmiri Pundits; besides they  took away their houses and lands.The end result was due to continuous insurgency and violence  innocent  Muslims  there  also suffered a  lot with no proper income and in the last  three decades Kashmir has not made any  economic progress. There are no industries there to offer jobs to the people. Nor  are there any good universities to promote education and welfare. The terrorism orchestrated by the Pakistani army  across the border had a grip on the people's living close to the Pakistan border areas. In the cross-border-firings on the Indian side the victims were mostly poor Muslim families close to the border.
Political map of India. indiatoday.in
Ladakh and Kashmir indiatoday.in
Above image:   The Indian Government releases maps of Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, including the illegal occupation by Pakistan and China. The new Union Territory of Ladakh consists of Kargil and Leh - two districts.
The rest of the former state of Jammu and Kashmir is in the new Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
In 1947, the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir had the following 14 districts - Kathua, Jammu, Udhampur, Reasi, Anantnag, Baramulla, Poonch, Mirpur, Muzaffarabad, Leh and Ladakh, Gilgit, Gilgit Wazarat, Chilhas and Tribal Territory.
By 2019, the government of erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir had reorganised the areas of these 14 districts into 28 districts. The names of the new districts were - Kupwara, Bandipur, Ganderbal, Srinagar, Budgam, Pulwama, Shupian, Kulgam, Rajouri, Ramban, Doda, Kishtivar, Samba and Kargil.
Out of these, Kargil district was carved out from the area of Leh and Ladakh district.
The Leh district of the new UT of Ladakh has been defined in the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation (Removal of Difficulties) Second Order, 2019, issued by the President of India, to include the areas of the districts of Gilgit, Gilgit Wazarat, Chilhas and Tribal Territory of 1947, in addition to the remaining areas of Leh and

Ladakh districts of 1947, after carving out the Kargil District.
The maps prepared by Survey General of India depicting the new UTs of Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh, as created on October 31, 2019, along with the map of India, are released, the statement said.https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/india-maps-new-ut-ladakh-jammu-kashmir-boundaries-photos-1615173-2019-11-02


The historical blunder done by the Indian politicians in the late 1940s and early 50s is corrected by the present government. The advantage of this abolition of this special status to Kashmir is Ladakh and Leh areas which had been neglected for several decades owing to Kashmir imbroglio are going to be much benefited by this. Jammu region, it has become a Union territory directly under the Delhi administration. As for  Kashmir, it  is under the full control of the central government now , the incidence of terrorists activities has come down and it is said that in the near future Kashmir will make good progress in many fields and the people there have to change their mindset and so are the politicians there.    

The British rulers in India successfully used their famous ''Divide and Rule'' policy  world over and when offering freedom to India   became inevitable, they found a stool pigeon in Mohd. Ali Jinnah and instigated him to have a separate country for the ''Muslims''. This led to the birth of Pakistan and soon after partition, Jinnah's greed and ego had a hold on him and he illegally took over Baluchistan on the western side and later directed the Afghan tribes and others  to attack Kashmir that was ruled by the Hindu Maharajah Hari Singh. To stop invasion further,  Maharajah Hari Singh signed the instruments of transfer and Kashmir including Gilgit Agency became part of the Indian union. 

There is a  wise saying in Tamil ''Kuzhanthium killividanum, thotiliyum Attividanum" meaning '' spanking the baby and swinging the cradle'' to please the baby.   This is what one Major William Alexander Brown MBE (13 December 1922 - 5 December 1984) did; he worked in the Gilgit area under Hari Singh for about seven years. He did not like this area with 99% Muslim population joining the Indian Union. In the shadow he helped Jinnah in his  illegal raid on Kashimir  and this resulted in Gilgit Agency (including Baltistan) becoming  part of Pakistan, totally an illegal move. This area has not made any progress whatsoever so far and every year there are countess cases of human rights violations and  disappearance of innocent people;  media reports point out that the Pakistani army mainly controlled by the Punjabis are ruthless. Near the border areas with blessing from the Army and vested interests schools are being run to train terrorists. It is said they belong to the school of Wahhabism (It is an Islamic doctrine and religious movement founded by Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab "ultraconservative", "far-right" "fundamentalist", or "puritan (ical)"; as an Islamic "reform movement" to restore "pure monotheistic worship" (tawhid) by devotees; and as a "deviant sectarian movement" -Vide Wikipedia)'. Taking advantage of Pakistan's precarious financial mess, the areas under the Gilgit Agency  are being exploited by the Chinese in the name of construction work against serious protests from  locals and also by the Indian government who legally own the areas.  
unofficially divided  State of Jammu and Kashmir.  quora.com
Born in Melrose, Scotland, William Alexzander  Brown was educated at St. Mary's School, Melrose and George Watson's College in Edinburgh. In 1941, upon finishing school he enlisted in the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders and in December left for   India. He had  the Officer Cadet Training Unit in Bangalore and was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant into the 10th/12th Frontier Force Regiment. He soon transferred to the Frontier Corps of the Scouts and Militias, serving with the South Waziristan Scouts in the North Western Frontier Province. He learnt Pushto and other languages   and in 1943 he was posted to the Gilgit Agency.
Gigit-Baltistan, legally part of India. as4sure.com
Gilgit Agency area. A boat in Attabad LakeT wikipedia.
When on 3 June 1947 the Gilgit Agency was transferred to the  Kashmir Maharajah, he   appointed Ghansar Singh Jamwal to govern the area on his behalf. On 22 October 1947, Pashtun militia aided by the Pakistan Army as wished by Jinnah  invaded Jammu and Kashmir.  Having no choice, on 26 October, Hari Singh announced Jammu and Kashmir would be joining India and signed an instrument of accession. Soon  Brown urged Ghansar Singh to ascertain the wishes of the local Muslim community over the accession.  Brown unilaterally thought that the whole of Kashmir, including Gilgit, should go to Pakistan in view of the fact that the population was predominantly Muslim  and Singh  remained unconvinced and Brown then began to plan what became known as "Operation Datta Khel''.
On 31 October, the Gilgit Scouts under the command of Brown, surrounded the Gilgit Residency and took Ghansar Singh into protective custody. Further, he contacted the Pakistan  Army. With Brown's  full support  on 1 November a military administration took control over the region and on 2 November Brown  hoisted the Pakistani flag over the Residency and announced the accession of Gilgit to Pakistan. Brown led  the Scouts until 12 January 1948 in Gilgit  when he was replaced by Aslam Khan. He died of a heart attack on 5 December 1984 aged 62 and in 1993 Brown was posthumously awarded the Sitara-i-Imtiaz by the government of Pakistan for this nefarious role during the partition of India. If Pakistan is in a financial mess today, the credit goes to Mohd. Ali Jinnah who never listened to great people like  Moulana Abdul Kalam Azad, Patel, Frontier Gandhi Gaffer Khan, Gandhiji and other great leaders. Well educated people on both sides of the border feel the two nation theory is a big fiasco.