|Political map of India. indiatoday.in|
|Ladakh and Kashmir indiatoday.in|
The rest of the former state of Jammu and Kashmir is in the new Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
In 1947, the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir had the following 14 districts - Kathua, Jammu, Udhampur, Reasi, Anantnag, Baramulla, Poonch, Mirpur, Muzaffarabad, Leh and Ladakh, Gilgit, Gilgit Wazarat, Chilhas and Tribal Territory.
By 2019, the government of erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir had reorganised the areas of these 14 districts into 28 districts. The names of the new districts were - Kupwara, Bandipur, Ganderbal, Srinagar, Budgam, Pulwama, Shupian, Kulgam, Rajouri, Ramban, Doda, Kishtivar, Samba and Kargil.
Out of these, Kargil district was carved out from the area of Leh and Ladakh district.
The Leh district of the new UT of Ladakh has been defined in the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation (Removal of Difficulties) Second Order, 2019, issued by the President of India, to include the areas of the districts of Gilgit, Gilgit Wazarat, Chilhas and Tribal Territory of 1947, in addition to the remaining areas of Leh and
The maps prepared by Survey General of India depicting the new UTs of Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh, as created on October 31, 2019, along with the map of India, are released, the statement said.https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/india-maps-new-ut-ladakh-jammu-kashmir-boundaries-photos-1615173-2019-11-02
The historical blunder done by the Indian politicians in the late 1940s and early 50s is corrected by the present government. The advantage of this abolition of this special status to Kashmir is Ladakh and Leh areas which had been neglected for several decades owing to Kashmir imbroglio are going to be much benefited by this. Jammu region, it has become a Union territory directly under the Delhi administration. As for Kashmir, it is under the full control of the central government now , the incidence of terrorists activities has come down and it is said that in the near future Kashmir will make good progress in many fields and the people there have to change their mindset and so are the politicians there.
The British rulers in India successfully used their famous ''Divide and Rule'' policy world over and when offering freedom to India became inevitable, they found a stool pigeon in Mohd. Ali Jinnah and instigated him to have a separate country for the ''Muslims''. This led to the birth of Pakistan and soon after partition, Jinnah's greed and ego had a hold on him and he illegally took over Baluchistan on the western side and later directed the Afghan tribes and others to attack Kashmir that was ruled by the Hindu Maharajah Hari Singh. To stop invasion further, Maharajah Hari Singh signed the instruments of transfer and Kashmir including Gilgit Agency became part of the Indian union.
There is a wise saying in Tamil ''Kuzhanthium killividanum, thotiliyum Attividanum" meaning '' spanking the baby and swinging the cradle'' to please the baby. This is what one Major William Alexander Brown MBE (13 December 1922 - 5 December 1984) did; he worked in the Gilgit area under Hari Singh for about seven years. He did not like this area with 99% Muslim population joining the Indian Union. In the shadow he helped Jinnah in his illegal raid on Kashimir and this resulted in Gilgit Agency (including Baltistan) becoming part of Pakistan, totally an illegal move. This area has not made any progress whatsoever so far and every year there are countess cases of human rights violations and disappearance of innocent people; media reports point out that the Pakistani army mainly controlled by the Punjabis are ruthless. Near the border areas with blessing from the Army and vested interests schools are being run to train terrorists. It is said they belong to the school of Wahhabism (It is an Islamic doctrine and religious movement founded by Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab "ultraconservative", "far-right" "fundamentalist", or "puritan (ical)"; as an Islamic "reform movement" to restore "pure monotheistic worship" (tawhid) by devotees; and as a "deviant sectarian movement" -Vide Wikipedia)'. Taking advantage of Pakistan's precarious financial mess, the areas under the Gilgit Agency are being exploited by the Chinese in the name of construction work against serious protests from locals and also by the Indian government who legally own the areas.
|unofficially divided State of Jammu and Kashmir. quora.com|
|Gigit-Baltistan, legally part of India. as4sure.com|
|Gilgit Agency area. A boat in Attabad LakeT wikipedia.|
On 31 October, the Gilgit Scouts under the command of Brown, surrounded the Gilgit Residency and took Ghansar Singh into protective custody. Further, he contacted the Pakistan Army. With Brown's full support on 1 November a military administration took control over the region and on 2 November Brown hoisted the Pakistani flag over the Residency and announced the accession of Gilgit to Pakistan. Brown led the Scouts until 12 January 1948 in Gilgit when he was replaced by Aslam Khan. He died of a heart attack on 5 December 1984 aged 62 and in 1993 Brown was posthumously awarded the Sitara-i-Imtiaz by the government of Pakistan for this nefarious role during the partition of India. If Pakistan is in a financial mess today, the credit goes to Mohd. Ali Jinnah who never listened to great people like Moulana Abdul Kalam Azad, Patel, Frontier Gandhi Gaffer Khan, Gandhiji and other great leaders. Well educated people on both sides of the border feel the two nation theory is a big fiasco.