|Coat of arms (1698)en.wikipedia.org|
|Banyan (agent)-a native of Surat.Brtish India. :diwancybermuseum.com|
Thus lack of knowledge of local language skill, traditional trading systems and the prices of local commodities on the part of Europeans was to the advantage of some of the unscrupulous Dubashis. This handicap made them depend on the bilingual Dubashis who never missed the opportunity to exploit both parties by giving misleading information on the price of merchandise, etc. Being inquisitive, they very well knew the horoscope of every English sahib or ''Durai'' (local parlance in Tamil Nadu for European) and their planet positions!! They also knew their weakness as well as strength. The English sahibs were like fish out of water without them. For English traders Dubashis became endemic, nothing could be done by them without their support.
Mention may be made of some of the earliest dubashis of Madras: Ananda Ranga Pillai, - the dubash of Dupleix, the Governor of French Pondicherry, Pachiyappa Mudaliar ( from Kanchipuram) - one of the most famous dubashis of the British.and Avadhanam Paupiah - talented, but notorious in the later half of the 18th and early 19th Century and was daringly was corrupt and an accomplice in financial misdeeds with Europeans.
Later Brahmans, Chettiars and Nayaks became Dubashis
with good proficiency in English. They also became influential and had political clout in colonial India. Having been firmly rooted in the Indian soil, the English company began to poke their nose in the internal affairs of rich Maharajahs and Nawabs and slowly put their grip on them only to be tightened later.
|Company flag (1801)en.wikipedia.org|