|ruins of Kamdev. Assam, India.Kamdeven.wikipedia.org/|
|Kamdev temple, Assam. kvrangia.org|
The origin and the builder of temples here is a subject of debate. The earliest work in 1855 (published in Asiatic Society of Bengal) was done by one Captain Daltan, an archaeologist in the colonial era and he mentioned 15 temple ruins in this area and their destruction in 1897 in the Assam earth quake. The ruins, it seems, are actually those at Madan Kamdev with main temple, surrounded by huge and small temples around it. Because the medieval ruins lay hidden in the inaccessible wooded mountainous terrain for a long time, detailed study was undertaken only in 1970s.
In 1977, this area came under the jurisdiction of the Archaeological Directorate of Assam and soon their detailed surveys and excavations discovered 12 amazing ruins of historical value besides the main one. Scientific study of the temple ruins and stone carvings of gods concluded that they were made during 10th century to the 12th century and rulers Ratna Pala, Indra Pala and Go Pala, had the temples built in this NE part of India. The following deities are identified in the ruins - Bhairav with six heads, Shiva with 4 heads, Kalpavriksha, Sun god, Apsaras, Vishnu with six heads, Saraswati, etc. There are images of animals as well in the excavations. The area is a thickly wooded one and below the Kamdev, the River Madankuri flows in the east and towards the north. Swampy areas lie before the hill.
As for the rebirth of Kamdev, the legend has it that God Shiva in a rage, opened his third eye and burnt the ''God of Love'' Madan Kamdev and tuned him into ashes (cinders) and later God Shiva restored his life upon continuous pleading by Kamdev's consort Rati. So the God of love was reborn in this place and it happened to be the Holy Day.
Near Madan Kamdev, an old temple of lord Shiva, known here as Gopeshwar, is located in the village of Deuduar. Nearby is a large cave known as Parvati Guha (Parvati Cave), after his consort. Kamdev is a haven for archaeologists and the beauty and the artistic work of these medieval ruined temples built by the glorious Pala rulers will positively defy our imagination. It is nice place for those who love nature, serene environment, chirping birds and the impressive greenery will make the visitors be at peace with themselves.