Wednesday, 3 July 2019

The tomb of the last Nawab of Bengal - Siraj ud-Daulah,

Tomb of Nawab Siraj and others, Mushidabad. tripadvisor.in
Siraj ud-Daulah,.wikipedia.org
Siraj ud-Daulah, was the last independent Nawab of Bengal in the 1700s.  His tomb is  on the other side of Bhagirathi river  and to get there  either by crossing the river in a boat or taking a narrow road  over the bridge.  The tomb is a simple one, not embellished as one will find in toms containing the mortal remains of well-known Nawabs. Nawab Siraj's resting place is in Khosh Bagh, in Murshidabad. (this town was built in 1704 by Murshid Quali Khan, then Governor of Bengal)  the capital of Bengal in the 18th century during the Nawabi rule. Earlier, the Capitol was in Dhaka. Paradoxically the garden-Khosh Bagh, is known as Garden of Delight  and in fact, if you hear the poignant story of a rich Nawab and how he was cheated,  betrayed, dethroned  and finally murdered by his own relatives and close associates in collusion with the English company officials for personal gains, you will be saddened.  The end of his rule in Bengal  marked the beginning of a new chapter in World history for the  British East India Company  who not only gained control over fertile Bengal but also had begun to expand their lands in India and in other continents with the vast revenue from this  region.

The cemetery of Siraj  has  three sections. In the first enclosure interred were Sharifunnesa, Alivardi's wife,;Amina Begum, Siraj's mother, and Ghasiti Begum, his aunt. Siraj and his aunt Ghasiti Begum  were buried in the same place. Ghasiti Begum,  a jealous  woman effected  her nephew's downfall. The second enclosure has  the grave of Siraj's dedicated associates  like Ghulam Hussain  Also include are his  faithful body guards -- Abdul Hussain and Sabdul Hussain. Yet another interesting fact is the grave of  Danesh fakir - the man who identified a disguised Siraj to the enemy,  lies a few yards away.  The final  enclosure contains the tomb of Alivardi Khan, Siraj's three-year-old daughter Ummatul Zohra, and wife Lutfunessa, Aleya ( Mohanlal's sister). There is a grave of Shaukat Jang, whom Siraj himself had killed.


Tit-bits:
Siraj ud-Daulah, happened to be the  last independent Nawab of Bengal. His defeat at the hand of the British opened a new chapter in World History. British East India Company's imperial ambition rooted here with the take over of   Bengal and later almost entire South Asia.  Siraj,  who succeeded his maternal grandfather, Alivardi Khan as the Nawab of Bengal in April 1756 at the age of 23, had a tough time with the English company who cheated him by not paying the taxes as per trade treaty. He declared war on the English company.  Betrayed by Mir Jafar, then commander of Nawab's army and his close relation,  Siraj lost the Battle of Plassey on 23 June 1757. The East India Company's army  under Robert Clive invaded and the administration of Bengal fell into the hands of the Company. As for Siraj,  he was finally caught and murdered on 2 July 1757 on orders from Mir Miran, his relation in Namak Haram Deorhi, Murshidabad. 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siraj_ud-Daulah
https://www.thedailystar.net/news-detail-26573