|Adina Mosque,Pandua, West Bengal beautifulmosque.com|
|The central mihrab of the mosque en.wikipedia.org|
|Adina Mosque,Pandua, West Bengal. en.wikipedia.org|
Above image: Arches and columns in the interior of Adina Mosque. The elevated platform was the royal gallery where the Sultan prayed......................................
The prayer hall is five aisles deep, whereas the north, south and east cloisters around the courtyard consist of triple aisles. In total, these aisles had 260 pillars that supported the 387 domed bays. Indeed a great architectural feat. The interior of the courtyard has 92 arches surmounted by a parapet, beyond which the domes of the bays can be seen. The interior elevated platform was built to serve as the gallery of the Sultan and his officials. Despite the age, it still exists. The Sultan's tomb chamber is attached with the western wall.
|Adina Mosque, Pandua, WBbeautifulmosque.com|
|Adina Mosque, Pandua, WB alamy.com|
01. The mosque was built in the historic capital city of the sultanate.
02. Pandua, a cosmopolitan trading center during that period. A walled city with well-arranged streets and bazaars. and marketplaces. One could get many goods, including six varieties of muslin and four types of wine. There were eateries, drinking houses and bathing areas. Alcohol was not served in the royal court.
03.The mosque is near the border with Bangladesh.
04. The builder of the mosque Sikandar Shah had a good name and had lofty titles such as "the exalted Sultan" and "Caliph of the Faithful".
|Adina Mosque, Pandua, WB double-dolphin.blogspot.com|
06. The mosque was designed mainly to express the kingdom's imperial ambitions after its two victories against the Delhi Sultanate in the 14th century.
07. Encyclopedia Iranica has mentioned the mosque's construction material included stone from Bengali temples. A few parts of the mosque's exterior wall in some parts have carvings like elephants and dancing figures- a typical Hindu temple feature.
08. Historians believe the builders might have used stone from pre-Islamic structures or the mosque itself was built on the site of a pre-existing ruin.
09. The sultan's tomb chamber attached to the wall is facing the direction of Mecca.
10. Remnant of the former royal capital that still stands is the Eklakhi Mausoleum is yet another remnant of the former royal capital. Remnants of the palace, including floral carvings, can be seen in Pandua's raised mounds.
11. The mosque in the 19th century, was damaged by earthquakes. Later it fell into disuse. Pandua became an ordinary place.