“The Evening Star” diamond from India’s Golconda mines is one of the finest ancient diamonds in the world. This diamond was auctioned in New York on 10 December 2009. This Pear-shaped, 39-carat, D-color Golconda diamond was the highlight of this auction that featured 10 exquisite jewels. Do you know how this diamond got its name? It was customary on the part of the unnamed owner to wear this sparkling diamond to evening parties, often as a pendant suspended from a diamond necklace that consisted of 68 graduated pear-shaped diamonds
|Evening star diamond from Golconda mine. justcollecting.com|
In the 19th century, particularly toward the end, ‘Golconda’ (west of Hyderabad city, Telengana, India) became associated with diamond mines or source of exceptional wealth, quite similar to El Dorado.
A note on Wittelsbach Diamond:
The original Wittelsbach Diamond, originated from the Kollur mines in Guntur District, Andhra, India also goes by the name of Der Blaue Wittelsbacher. This 35.56-carat (7.112 g) deep, grayish-blue diamond with VS2 clarity had been part of both the Austrian and the Bavarian Crown jewels. The unique feature of this stone was it had 82 facets arranged in an atypical pattern. Originally possessed by the King Philip IV of Spain in the 17th century finally the Habsburg family of Vienna became the owner. It came to Munich when, in 1722, Maria Amalia married Charles of Bavaria, a member of the Wittelsbach family. It was Maximilian IV Joseph von Wittelsbach, the first King of Bavaria in 1806, commissioned a royal crown that prominently displayed the diamond. The jewel remained on top of the Bavarian crown until 1918. It was seen last in public at Ludwig III of Bavaria's funeral in 1921.