Saturday, 16 June 2018

Rupmati Mosque in Ahmedabad, Gujarat - named after a queen!!

Rani Rupmati mosque in 1430 1440 ADAlamy
Rani Rupmati mosque, Ahmedabad. MapmyIndia Map

Ahmedabad city in Gujarat state  has a number of beautiful old mosques  and some of them have superb architecture.  Located on the Northern side of the city, there lies an impressive mosque called Rani Rupmati mosque built by  Sultan Mehmud Beghara. Beghara (r. 25 May 1458 – 23 November 1511), was the most prominent Sultan of Gujarat Sultanate. Raised to the throne at young age, he successfully captured Pavagadh and Junagadh forts in battles which gave him his name Begada. Some historians point out that he got the title because of his big twisted moustache that looked like a bull's twisted horns. He established Champaner as the capital. 
Begumpur Mosque; Dindigul,en.wikipedia.org
 A perusal of Indian mosques  reveals none of them is named after women. The exception being Begumpur Mosque (also called Begumpur Big Mosque) located on Madurai Road, Begampur in Dindigul, Tamil Nadu The mosque is named after Ameerunnisa Begum, the younger sister of Hyder Ali (1721-82 CE), father of Tipu Sultan. She  is buried in the mosque during 1766. 

Aurangabad. Bibi Ka Makbaraen.wikipedia.org

 The other one is  the Bibi Ka Maqbara (English: "Tomb of the Lady") and it is a tomb located in Aurangabad, Maharashtra. It was commissioned by Aurangzeb's Son Azam in memory of his Mother Dilras Banu Begum (posthumously known as Rabia-ud-Daurani). The unique feature of this mosque is it has a striking resemblance to the famous Taj Mahal, Agra the mausoleum of Aurangzeb's mother, Mumtaz Mahal.

Rani Rupmati mosque, Ahmedabad.MapmyIndia Map

 What is so special about this mosque.? This mosque is named after the queen of a Sultan - Rani Rupmati. It  is popularly known as Masjid-e-Nagina or Mirzapur queen's mosque.  The sultan was so much fond of his beloved wife, he named the mosque after her in fond memory.  It took 10 long years for him to complete the construction work in 1440 AD. The work on the mosque was undertaken  during the later period of Ahmed Shah I's reign.  Ahmed Shah belongs to Muzaffarid dynasty; between 1411 to  1442 he ruled the Gujarat Sultanate. The historical mosque is characteristic of impressive domes, carved galleries and tall and thin minarets. This mosque stands out above other structure because the fusion of Hindu and Muslim architecture  accentuates the beauty of this mosque.  The mosque measures, 105 feet long, forty-six broad, and thirty-two high. Due to the natural calamity that affected the Ahmedabad city in the year 1818, the mosque lost one of its minarets. The ceiling of the dome is beautified with the Hindu style patterns. The prayer hall of the mosque is of great aesthetic value, consisting of exquisite carving.  ASI has declared it as a monument of national importance.
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rani_Rupamati%27s_Mosque
 https://navrangindia.blogspot.com/2018/04/beautiful-queen-rupmatis-mosque.html