Tuesday, 27 March 2018

Why was "butcher" James Neill's giant statue removed from Madras in 1937?

Butcher Brig.Gen.James Neill. British India.royalcollection.org
  Above image:  Photograph of statue of Brigadier General James Neill, in Mount Road Madras (now Chennai). He stands, full-length, pointing with his right arm and with left hand resting on hilt of sword. He wears military dress with cloak. At left a bullock cart and several Indian figures, one with parasol. Buildings left.  Acquired by King Edward VII when Prince of Wales.  The British rulers then chose to honor Neill, "The Butcher of Allahabad" by erecting a statue of him on arterial Mount Road in (then) Madras in 1860. He killed Indians in thousands.
Neill was killed in combat at Lucknow in September 1857.  The inscription on the pedestal of Neil’s statue read: “Universally acknowledged as the first who stemmed the torrent of rebellion in Bengal (vide: Madras Hand Book 1871)..........................
James Neill (1810-1857) was a Scottish Army officer Alamy
James George Smith Neill (27 May 1810 – 25 September 1857) was a Scottish military officer of the East India Company,  Son of  Colonel Neill,  he served in the Army of the East India company with patriotic zeal during the1957 Indian rebellion.  James Neill misused his military powers  and overstepped on the limit in handling the rebellious people, consequently  he became infamous and was tagged as the Butcher of Allahabad. His  infamous  and indiscriminate killing of native Indians during the uprising caused widespread outrage and invited condemnation across the country.

Col. James Neill of the ‘Madras Fusiliers’, a European unit,  was summoned from Madras to command the army to deal with the Mutiny that was gaining upper hand in Lucknow. Without any remorse, he came down heavily on the rebels, using  “ruthless and horrible” methods to put down  the mutineers. What shocked the civilized  world was the ghostly and gruesome method followed by James Neill who had surpassed the most dreadful dictator in terms of brutality and his killing spree of innocent people. It was just spine-chilling and macabre. Neill did what other military officials would carefully avoid.  He ordered the  “entire villages to be burnt down and inhabitants hanged” as he marched towards Cawnpore (Kanpur) without any qualms about his murderous act. A large number of innocent Brahmins who had no connection with the rebellion, got his attention. He had his soldiers round up them just like a herd of cattle  in a ranch and  insulted their orthodoxy by forcing them to wash off the blood oozing from the dead British while  his soldiers kept on whipping  them up non-stop till they fell  dead like fire-arm victims. The horrible vengeance was not yet over. As a final act, he hanged them all en masse  He massacred thousands of rebels during the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 and more or less the same mass killing was  reenacted  in Jallianwallah Bagh on 13 April 1919 under yet another mass murderer  Brig. Gen. Reginald Dyer.  Twenty two years later, tagged as the greatest Briton by the public, Sir Winston Churchill was indirectly responsible for killing roughly 4 million people in Bengal in the Great Bengal Famine in the early 1940s by artificially creating scarcity of food grains.  The British government, as of today, is yet to prove their magnanimity by tendering apology to the Indian public for all the atrocities they committed during their colonial days in India in the name of democracy.
Former US President Kennedy.iz Quotes

The  gigantic (10 feet in height), sculpted bronze   statue of James Neil that was on Mount Road, Madras until 1937, was taken away from the public eye and is now  coated with dust deposited over a long period of time  since 1952 in the Anthropology section of the Madras Museum. So, the present generation of Indian have no idea about this notorious British Army officer whose motto was  "Violence can be won by violence".
1857.The Relief of Lucknow, by Thomas Jones Barkern.wikipedia.org
When the late C. Rajagopalachari was the Head of  erstwhile Madras Presidency in 1937 ( The first-ever election to the newly-constituted Provincial Legislative Assemblies under the ‘Government of India Act, 1935’ , was held in 1937), by a resolution of the then Madras Corporation, Neill’s statue was kept for some years in the ‘Ripon Buildings complex’ in Park Town area of the city which houses the City Corporation. Then in 1952, it found a permanent home in the Madras Museum.  According to Mr. Kalathi, Educational Officer at the Madras Museum who angrily said, "He (Neil) killed one lakh (100000) Indians just for uttering the word ‘Independence’, and how can we forget that?” After innumerable protests and resolutions,  the city corporation removed the statue of Neill  from the public space in 1937. The earlier protests by the people,  as advised by Gandhiji on his visit to the city in Sept. 1927 were based on Satyagraha with no violence what so ever. 

World Beyond War
When the statue was taken to the museum in 1962, one man said  who wanted a statue of a Scottish man who committed massacres against Indians on our own soil. Anyway, Neill's statue is a grim reminder of Sepoy mutiny that was fought both  by  Hindus and Muslims united in their struggle against the colonial power and how, with callowness, some rude and brutish English officials treated the natives right on their own soil. 


http://www.deccanherald.com/content/99637/butcher-allahabad-lies-museum-attic.html