|Daulatabad Fort, Aurangabad, MHRemote Traveler|
Daulatabad Fort was built by Yadava king Bhillama V in 1187 and the city was then called 'Deogiri', meaning the hill of gods.
The fortification included a few parts. Ambarkot was built for common people. Mahakot area having four distant lines of enclosure walls served the residential area for higher class of the society. The Kalakot was exclusively the royal residential area with double line of fortifications. During the reigns of different dynasties, additional structures and improvements were made and as a result the fort grew in size as years went by.
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The fort came under Bahamani rulers under Hasan Gangu in 1347 AD and Nizam Shahis of Ahmednagar in 1499 AD. Nizam Shahi dynasty in 1607 AD made it their capital. The Chini Mahal (literally: China Palace), is in ruin. Once it was a building of great beauty. In it Abul Hasan Tana Shah, the last of the Qutb Shahi kings of Golconda, was imprisoned by Aurangzeb in 1687. Later it was possessed by the Moguls, Marathas, Peshwas and finally the Nizams of Hyderabad in 1724 AD took control and kept it till India's independence.
|Inside the gate at Devagiri Fort in Daulatabad near Aurangabad Alamy|
01. There are no separate exits from the fort. It is a sort of box canyon, same way in and same way to get out.
02. This plan is to confuse the enemies who will be driven deep into the fort and may face danger
03. Absence of parallel gates and this reduces the momentum of the invading army.
04. Misleading location of the flag mast which is on the left hill will obviously misguide the enemy who may turn left and get into trouble. In reality, the real gates of the fort are on the right and this will confuse the enemy.
05. Hardened iron spikes fixed on the gate will injure the intoxicated elephants that were used as a battering ram to break open the sturdy gates. The presence of spikes would cause the elephants to bleed and ultimately they'll die of injury.
06. Yet another interesting features are the complex arrangement of entryways, curved walls and false doors. All these designed to confuse the enemy inside the fort. The trapped enemy soldiers will ultimately become a prey to the hungry crocodiles.
07. The shape of the hill is rendered smooth so that expert mountain climbers can not climb the slippery slope.
08. The outer wall comprising 2.75 miles (4.43 km) in circumference, once enclosed the ancient city of Devagiri and between this and the base of the upper fort are three lines of defences and the enemy soldiers have to break these fortifications to access the summit.
09. The hill itself is 200 meter high. At the summit, and at intervals on the slope, are placed massive old cannons facing out over the surrounding countryside These cannons are designed for wide firing range and a threat to the enemy.
08. Also on the hill at the mid way, there is a cave entrance meant to confuse the enemies.
This fort is worth a visit, as it provides quite hiking opportunities to the tourists. Any visitor to this historic for can not return without appreciating the ingenious way with which it was built to face raids as then the political situation was chaotic, the rulers of other places constantly posed threats.