Wednesday, 8 November 2017

The Jaipur Column built to commemorate the 1911 Delhi Durbar

Jaipur Column, New Delhi.en.wikipedia.org/

Above image: Jaipur Column in front of Rashtrapati Bhavan, viewed from the east designed by English architect Sir Edwin Lutyens.The column is in front of Rastrapathi Bhavan (Indian President's official residence..............................

The Jaipur Column located in the middle of the courtyard in front of Rashtrapati Bhavan (the Indian president's  official residence) in New Delhi, is a monumental column constructed in 1912  by  Sri Madho Singh II, the Maharajah of Jaipur. This sponsorship was made by the Maharajah to commemorate the 1911 Delhi Durbar and the shifting of the capital of India from Calcutta to Delhi. It was the greatest show on earth during the height of British rule in India under the direction of lord Curzon, then viceroy of India. The rulers of various princely States were in attendance with their respective Rani  to greet the royals on that historical occasion. 

Jaipur column.Evening view with light display.en.wikipedia.org/  

The column was designed in 1920 by none other than  the British architect Sir Edwin Lutyens who had already established a name for him.  Lutyens submitted his design for the column to the Royal Academy of Arts in London, as part of his diploma work for his election as a fellow of the academy. The work on the structure was completed in 1930. The height of the column is between 145 to 146 feet (correct measurement is  not available).

Jaipur Column, Delhi, details. My Heritage Walks - WordPress.com

Mostly  made of cream sandstone, with red sandstone used for the base.and  an egg shaped stuff on top surmounted by a bronze lotus flower and a six-pointed glass star these are held in place  by a steel shaft running through the column's entire length.

jaipur column, star of india. My Heritage Walks - WordPress.com

Above image: The “Star of India” was placed at the top of the Jaipur column, New Delhi and the first stone of the column was laid by King George V and Queen Mary on 15 December 1911........................

The bas-reliefs around the base, were designed by the British sculptor Charles Sergeant Jagger who also designed the elephants carved into the walls around the courtyard, as well as the statue of George V, Emperor of India. They formerly stood under the canopy next to India Gate.

Viceroy of India Lord Irwin's message is inscribed on the base

    In thought faith
    In word wisdom
    In deed courage
    In life service
    So may India be great

This is the modified version of the original wording  by Lutyens

    Endow your thought with faith
    Your deed with courage
    Your life with sacrifice
    So all men may know
    The greatness of India

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaipur_Column