|Rajkumari Amrit Kaur. Holiday Destinations in India - WordPress.|
Rajkumari Amrit Kaur (2 February 1889 – 6 February 1964) was a freedom fighter, a great Gandhian and an active social reformer. Coming from a family of an affluent royal family, had she wished a comfortable life within the confines of her family palace, she could have led a life of pomp and power. Instead, she trod a different path which many royal women would avoid. Her parents were Rājā Harnam Singh and Rāni Harnām Singh, who was the daughter of a Bengali Presbyterian mother and an Anglican father.
Educated at Oxford University, England, Kaur's mind was more focused on India's freedom, poverty social disparity, etc., than on her royal family's problems. Born on 2 February 1889 in Lucknow to a princely family of Kapurthala, a part of undivided India, Ms. Kaur took the credit of being the first Indian woman to hold the position of cabinet minister. She was the first health minister of independent India and served for ten years in the capacity. Besides, she was also responsible for starting the All India Medical Institute (AIIMS.). Now, it has many branches and they are premier medical education and research institutes.
|Ms. Kaur with Rajajii and Nehru. Photo Division|
She co-founded the All India Women's Conference in 1927, became its secretary in 1930, and president in 1933. She participated in the 240-mile Dandi salt yatra on 12 March 1930 led by Mahatma Gandhi. As before, she was arrested and jailed by the British government. She was in Northwest Frontier Province of Bannu and explained the role played by the INC toward freedom. After a lapse of 7 long years, the British government jailed her on sedition charges without any valid reason.
|Rajkumurai Kaur with Gandhiji. WikiVisually|
She died in New Delhi on 6 February 1964. As a dynamic woman, she selflessly worked hard
to get rid of various evils in our society and the young girls of the present generation should take inspiration from Rajkumari Amrit Kaur and take an active role in nation building.