Saturday, 29 July 2017

The humble tomb of Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq, Delhi


Ghiyath al-Din Tughlaq's Tomb In Delhi. en.wikipedia.org 

Mausoleum of Ghiyas ud-Din Tughluq[edit]Wikipedia

Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq, Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq, or Ghazi Malik (Ghazi means 'fighter for Islam'), (died c. 1325) was the founder of the Turkic Tughluq dynasty in India. He  reigned over the Sultanate of Delhi from sept. 1321 to Feb. 1325. He founded the city of Tughluqabad. No sooner had he ascended the throne (8 Sept. 1321)  than he embarked on a massive construction program to fortify Tughlaqabad. As a ruler, he developed keen interest in building structures that are unique in architectural style. His reign  did not last long as his life was cut short after 5 years and  he died under mysterious circumstances in 1325. He was succeeded by Muhammad bin Tughluq.   Unfortunately, he did not have  an embellished  tomb made for himself! 

Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq Tomb EntrancePictures of India

Located in the southern side of the Tughlaqabad fort, the tomb of Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq, built by the ruler himself, is a small pentagon like structure enclosed in a private courtyard with fortified walls. It looks like a small fortress off the Mehrauli – Badarpur road, directly opposite the Tughlaqabad fort. Designed in the Indo-Islamic style of architecture, the tomb of Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq reflects the style of  buildings belonging to the Tughlaq Dynasty. The structure within a fortified pentagonal enclosure, with the heavily battered walls and corner turrets exemplifies Tughlaq era buildings. The entrance archway has arch and lintel type of configuration for additional support. This simple, but impressive tomb made of red sandstone and white marbles  houses three graves within itself.  Besides  his own, the two graves belong to his wife and son.  Square in plan, with it’s walls battered upwards and crowned by a dome, the structure need proper maintenance and care.
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What strikes a visitor to this place is how come a ruler who was found of buildings of fine architecture had but a small and simple mausoleum built  for himself? 

Tit-Bits; 


 Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq died along with his second son in February 1325 under  mysterious circumstances  as a result of the collapse of a temporary wooden pavilion  erected for his reception at Afghanpur. This was to celebrate his victory  in Tirhut, north Bihar. It is believed it was a conspiracy hatched his heir-apparent Jauna Khan, according to scholar and traveller Ibn Battuta. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghiyath_al-Din_Tughluq