|St Thomas mount church (1523), Chennai. bleeding cross. www.ricci.usfca.edu|
In 1523, for the first time the Portuguese established a small shrine of Mother Mary, a relic-filled place of worship on the summit of the 300 foot high hillock of what is now called St. Thomas Mount (in Tamil Parangi Malai), a busy suburb of Chennai city (Madras), close to the historical Guindy Racecourse.
Legend has it that St. Thomas, one of the twelve apostles of Christ, traveled to India after the crucifixion of Jesus, bringing the gospel to the people of India in 52 AD. He landed on the coastal Malabar of Kerala and established seven and a half churches. After that, he wandered around many places to spread Christianity among the natives. It is believed that he visited this place - Parangi Malai, settled here to spread the Gospel of Christian love and at last chose to live in a small cave like place like a hermit. As usual, he was friendly with the local people and had been busy with his missionary work. While living here, unfortunately, he was killed by some assailants for an unknown reason and it is said that he breathed his last clutching a stone cross while bleeding. According to another version, he was killed in a hunting accident. His death is a controversial one.
|St.Thomas Mt. church, Chennai. Church'|
|Interior, St.Thomas Mount, Chennai (1523). churchwilliam.blogspot.in|
|St Thomas Mount church, way to to church.ntweblog.blogspot.com|
|New World Encyclopedia|
This place is well accessed by highways and by the Chennai Suburban Railway net work.
01. The Government of India Department of Post and Telegraphs in 1972 released a postage stamp, depicting the picture of the bleeding cross of St. Thomas Mount to commemorate the nineteenth centenary of the saint's martyrdom.
02. In 1964, the Post and Telegraph department of India had released a stamp, depicting the Ortona silver bust of St. Thomas located in Italy.