Tuesday, 29 November 2016

Patriot Uyyalawada Narasimha Reddy (1847) - freedom fighter

Freedom fighter. Uyyalawada Narasimha Reddy. Yours-SrinivasuluReddy

Freedom fighter. Uyyalawada Narasimha Reddy (died in 1847). Quora
 The early Colonial rule under the East India Company was a repressive one as the company was in  an expansion mode at the expense of  Maharajahs and Muslim rulers who were rendered powerless and money-less. Also affected  were the local rulers 
and chieftains at many places who were forced to pay taxes to 
the British through their noses. Many could not fight, but some revolted against the unjust foreign rulers. One among them was 
Uyyalawada Narasimha Reddy, local ruler, an unsung freedom fighter. Like other early freedom fighters, without any compunction, Reddy was  put to death by the EIC officials.

Uyyalawada Narasimha Reddy (died in 1847) is  one of the earliest freedom fighters in India like Veera Pandya Katta Bomman of South Tamil Nadu. Reddy, who had 66 villages under his control and an  army of 2000 men,  could not brook the atrocities committed by the corrupt officials of EIC (East India Company) and the sufferings and pains his people had to go through  under  their  occupation. The Rayalaseema region was transferred to the British by the Nizam and Reddy refused pay taxes to directly to  the British.  On 10 June 1846 he raided the treasury at Koilakuntla and marched towards Kambham, Andhra Pradesh (Prakasam District). On the way, at Rudravaram he killed the forest ranger. This being a serious matter, the then Collector Thomas Monroe issued orders to arrest him. The EIC put a price on his head Rs. 5000.00 and Rs. 10,000.00 for his head. 

His revolt in India against the British occupation was 10 years earlier than India's First War of Independence  of 1857 also known as Sepoy Mutiny of 1857.  People from villages like Uyyalawada, Gulladurti, Harivaram, Uppaluru, Kotthakota took part in this early rebellion. The vestiges of the early events are well frozen in the  ruins of the fort at Kotthakota, near Giddalur. Now these villages are in Prakasam,Kurnool,Kadapa (or Cuddapah), Anantapur districts of Andhra Pradesh and in the Ballari region of Karnataka.

Uyyalawada Narasimha Reddy, son of  Uyyalawada Peddamalla Reddy,  was born in Uyyalawada, now in  Kurnool District which 
is  on the banks of Kundu River. His father Peddamalla Reddy
 and his grandfather Jayarami Reddy were local chieftains (Polygars / Palayakarer in Tamil) and the  people respected them very much.
Map of India, earlier periods. subratachak.wordpress.com
Reddy, with his army mounted a serious attack on the British forces camped at Giddaluru on 23 July 1846 and defeated them. Unable to capture him, the British deceptively imprisoned his family at Kadapa. Narasimha Reddy moved to Nallamala in village Parusomula. The British forces  were tipped off  by some one about the hideout of Mr. Reddy. To avoid being caught by the British in the Nallamalai area, Narasimha Reddy returned  to Koilkuntla 
area and hid in Jagannatha Konda near the village  of Ramabhadrunipalle. He was unable to be at large for a long period as the British planted moles at strategic places. The army moved in upon a tip-off  and arrested him and his followers at mid night of 6 October 1846.  He and his men  were treated as if they were  criminals. The EIC subjected  Reddy to the worst  humiliation  before being brought to Koilkuntla. They put heavy fetters on him and paraded him right before his people with blood-stained clothes so that it would be  a warning to them.

Among the people arrested in hundreds,  112 were convicted and sentenced to imprisonment for 5 to 14 years. Some were sent to the dreaded  prison in the Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal. The special commissioner of Cuddapah conducted the trial and  Narasimha Reddy was charged with revolt, murder and dacoity and convicted on all charges. He was sentenced to death by hanging. On 22 February 1847;  Reddy was hanged publicly by the British in Koilkuntla on the banks of a nearby river in the presence of Collector Kokcrane. Another blot in the British India history. A patriot was dubbed as a murderer and robber  and, at last, was mercilessly killed by the early British rulers.

His head was kept on the fort wall in public view for a long period  to instill fear in the people so that another rebellion won't be tried by others  against the British..

The  places like Nossam,Uyyalawada, Rupanagudi, Gulladurthi, Uppaluru and Giddaluru have a fort built by Narsima Reddy to protect his kingdom.


Plans are afoot to erect a statue in honor of Reddy and the  government also  has plans to include his  brave story in the school text books.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uyyalawada_Narasimha_Reddy