|Side view of Tomb of Mariam uz Zamani www.mapsofindia.com|
|Tomb of Mariam-uz-Zamani in Sikandra sikandra.uponline.|
|Mariam uz Zamani. (Rajkumari Heer Kunwari) aaishaaaqer.wordpress.com|
The mausoleum has three tombstones: one in the underground mortuary chamber, which is the grave itself; the cenotaph above it; and another cenotaph on the terrace. The ground floor has some forty chambers built by Sikander Lodi. The center of the ground floor houses the cenotaph of Mariam. The grave is in the underground with a flight of steps leading to it.
|Tomb of Mariam uz Zamani. www.mapsofindia.com|
The facades (exterior) of the building were reconstructed with red sandstone panels. A chhajja with the addition of duchhati (mezzanine floors) at the corners by the Moguls are the added features.
The tomb has remodeled chhatris and chhaparkhats which are the most important ornaments of the whole composition. The tomb has four massive octagonal chhatris on its four corners, and four oblong chhaparkhats in the center of the four sides. Each chhatri is made out of red sandstone with a white dome and stands on a square platform. The Mogul tombs normally are found without a dome. A unique aspect of the tomb is in the front and at the back the structure is identical and the the back entrance is not a dummy but an actual entrance. This is quite unusual in the case of Mogul tombs.
The beautifully decorated tomb is characteristic of red sandstone facade and panels with a variety of decorative designs, such as floral patterns and geometrical floral designs gracing the piers between the arches. Such eye-catching decorations enhance the splendor of this tomb. The chhatris have beautiful carved columns with hexagonal bases. And white marble is inlaid underneath the dome.
Mariam-uz-Zamani, remained a Hindu till her last days. However, she was buried here as per Muslim custom.