Gandhi Jayanthi is celebrated on the 2nd of October every year across India. It marks the birthday of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the Father of the Nation and an Apostle of Non-Violence.
General Assembly announced on 15 June 2007 that it adopted a resolution which declared that 2 October will be celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence.
Gandhiji assumed leadership of the Indian National Congress (INC) only in 1921, six years after his return to India from South Africa where he was an expatriate lawyer. There he successfully employed non-violent civil disobedience campaigns to fight for the civil rights of Indian settlers.
Gandhi, with cooperation from numerous prominent Indian leaders, transcending caste, religion, etc took on the mighty British to free India. They gave him whole-heated support and this helped him lead nationwide campaigns for easing poverty, expanding women's rights, building religious and ethnic amity, ending un-touchability, and, above all, for achieving Swaraj or self-rule. His leadership during the Dandi Salt March in 1930 covering a distance of 400km challenging the British-imposed tax on salt and later his clarion call in 1942 for the British to quit India drew the attention of the entire world and his frequent non-violent civil disobedience campaigns and Satyagrahas to free India from the British yoke, showed the British Crown and their cronies in India in bad light. In August 1947, at last India got her freedom, but the Indian Empire was partitioned to the dismay of Gandhi. A new theocratic nation called Pakistan was carved out India - purely on the basis of religion. On January 30, 1948 Gandhi was assassinated by one Nathuram Godse, a Hindu nationalist. In a jiffy, he prayed to him and then pumped three bullets into his bare chest at point - blank, range. Seconds later, Gandhiji fell down dead uttering "HEY RAM" (oh God).
|Gandhi with Azad and Kripalani at the historic "Quit India" meeting of the All India Congress Committee, August 1942. www.gandhiashramsevagram.org|
|The Aga Khan Palace near Poona, where Gandhi was interned from August 1942 to May 1944. www.gandhiashramsevagram.org|
|This amazing mural is by a German artist Hendrik Beikirch: it is on the Delhi Police Headquarters and is a treat for all art lovers in the city. This largest-ever black and white mural of Gandhi was painted as part of the street art and graffiti festival in the capital in 2014.www.alamy.com|
|Gandhiji supporting the British in South Africa (Gandhi, middle row 5th from left with stretcher bearers of the Indian Ambulance Corps - 1899-1900). 2ndlook.wordpress.com/tag/gandhi/|
On invitation, he stayed in Kingsley Hall in the East end, London in order to be "among the same sort of people to whom I have given my life" Every morning he got up at 4 am the morning prayer. He had his morning walk in the main streets of the East End.
There he met with British labor community, famous satirist Bernard Shaw and also comedian Charlie Chaplin.
Gandhiji was fond of peanuts and drinks prepared from goat's milk. Perhaps, a cup of tea or coffee made from goat's milk would give him relaxation and the needed energy to engage in long parley with the British, who were hard nuts to crack.
| http://www.alamy.com |
Gandhi was quite popular among the poor, labor class. The British aristocracy tagged them as untouchables of England. The rich and the royal will never entertain marriage proposal between them and the poor factory people.
The pleasant surprise was the courtesy and affection Gandhi received from the cotton operatives of Lancashire, which had been very much affected by total the boycott of British goods in India. Gandhiji was sympathetic to their tale of woe of those who were jobless. Fortunately, those poor workers understood Gandhi and his mission and never failed to see the reason for the boycott. Gandhi said: "You have three million unemployed, but we have 200 million unemployed for half the year. Your average unemployment dole is seventy shillings. Our average income is 7s. 6d. a month
|Mahatma Gandhi Leaves his Ship in Marseille, 1931 http://www.alamy.com|
|Mohondas Karamchand Gandhi (1869 - Jan. 30,1948). He was shot dead by Naturam Godse of Pune on the way to the evening prayer at the Birla house in Delhi. www.alamy.com.|
|Mahatma Gandhi: Indian independence leader is cremated after his murder by Nathuram Godse. The tragic end of a simple, but strong - willed man who shook the British Empire.|