|Nail-tipped sticks to torture the animals. theveganlily.wordpress.com/|
|A helpless baby elephant endures a brutal ritual to prepare it for sale. www.dailymail.co.uk|
|Nandan cuts a pathetic figure at the Guruvayur Temple, with his hind feet bound temple elephant .www.dailymail.co.uk|
|Terrible wounds in the legs caused by prolonged chaining. english.mathrubhumi.com|
|Chained and roped in spite of severe burns in the legs.www.thehindu.com|
|Elephant crushing - phajaan Tailand. www.youtube.com|
|Elephant crushing - phajaan Tailand. www.heroviral.com|
|Horrible torture - crushing to subdue. theveganlily.wordpress.co|
|chained elephant. s3.amazonaws.com|
In the case of an elephant, born in captivity is brought up among human beings and its training is humane from the day it begins; whereas a wild beast parted from the herd and its mother must suffer agonies before its will is broken.
|Chained, abused and lonely: India's captive elephants suffer to entertain at temples and circuses. swollen legs with wounds. www.ibtimes.co.uk|
|Thisi is What Happens before the Elephant Ride . www.heroviral.com|
As far back as 1970s, countries like the USA used corporal punishment and negative reinforcement to train wild elephants. Later a new method called protected contact or non-dominance is used in modern zoos. This techniques involves giving rewards, not punishment to encourage the behavior of the animal to the target behavior. Psychology-based method is harmless and lasting, but it is time consuming.
|badly wounded temple elephant, Kerala www.telegraph.co.uk|
The Indian Animal Welfare Board admits many temples have no control over the mahouts who treat the animals badly. So in God's place, the elephants are on pillory with mahouts holding a tough bullwhip in one hand and red hot spike in the other hand to tame the majestic denizens of the jungle.
Gone Astray - The Care and Management of the Asian Elephant in Domesticity Richard C Lair, Food And Agriculture Organization Of The United Nations (FAO), October 1997, ISBN 974-89472-3-8