|Quaid-i-Azam M. Ali Jinnah with Jawaharlal Nehru at Simla Conference of 1945. www.quaid-e-azam.net|
|Viceregal Lodge - Shimla -www.expedia.co.in|
|Shimla conference, 1945 www.indianetzone.com|
|Viceregal Lodge. Gandhiji arriving at the Shimla conference 1945 www.mkgandhi.org|
The idea of the Wavell plan was complete Indianization of the Executive Council, but instead of asking all the parties to nominate members to the Executive Council from all the communities, seats were reserved for members based on religion and caste, with the caste Hindus and Muslims being represented on it on the basis of parity. Even Mahatma Gandhi objected to the use of the words “Caste Hindu". Though new proposals were made regrading composition of the executive Council, there was no guarantee of India's Independence. Further, there was no mention of the future constituent assembly or division of powers among various parties of India.
Talks stalled, and ultimately became a failure for two reasons. The Muslim League said that no part has any right to nominate Muslim members except the Muslim League. Congress party insisted that being national party it has the right to nominate any representative from any of the communities. So, Muslim representation became a bottle neck and a big thorn and the Wavell plan was a failure.
Meanwhile back in England, when the labor party came to power in July 1945, headed by Atlee, the Wavell plan finally heard the death knell tolled. However, on the issue of selection of Muslim representatives there was a stalemate. Asserting itself and its claim to be the sole representative of Indian Muslims, the All-India Muslim League's refusal to back any plan in which the Indian National Congress, the dominant party in the talks, has the legitimate rights to appoint Muslim representatives became an eye sore. This reduced the scope of the conference to come up with a balanced proposal so that India would remain united. That was not to be.
|Jinnah and Rajaji. www.quaid-e-azam.net|