|Gov.Thomas Monroe,Madras Presidency (1820-27), en.wikipedia.org|
Mantralaya village in the newly carved state of Telengana (formerly Andhra Pradesh) is a place of pilgrimage and thousands of people from different parts of India visit this holy Mutt. It is here where the `Brindavan' of famous 'Dvaita' saint ' Sri. Raghavendra Swami' is located. The reason why this serene place on the banks of the river Thungapadra assumes religious significance is, here saint Sri. Raghavendra Swami, who lived from 1595 to 1671, attained Jeeva samadhi (leaving the mortal body through constant meditation and fasting in a small enclosure with walls on sides simultaneously built and the roof closed finally). The strong belief has been that he continues to live there for 700 plus years and blesses the people who come to this Mutt for peace of mind and respite from the humdrum of routine life.
|Sri Ragavendra Swamiji.(1595–1671 CE).sriraghavendra.weebly.com|
Sir Thomas Munro, an enigmatic colonial administrator, was the Governor of Madras Presidency from 1820 to 1827. He was called the father of the Ryotwari system in which the agricultural taxes were directly collected from the ryots (owners of individual plots of land) as against the Zamindari system, prevalent in Bengal and other places, in which the Zamindars were given the task of collecting revenues that resulted in the fleecing of the poor cultivators. Apart from it, Munro was instrumental in introducing District Administration empowered with revenue, police and administrative powers. This system is being followed across all Indian states; each state has several districts headed by a District Collector whose jurisdiction is that particular district only. It is an effective administrative system first introduced by Munro.
|Equestrian statue of Thomas Munro in The Island, Chennai en.wikipedia.org|
At that point of time, Sri Raghavendra Swami had been in his Samadhi (tomb) for nearly 130 years. Officer Munro was in a state of shock as to how he could close the file on mutt lands and get the information from the saint whose mortal remains were in the Samadhi (tomb). Anyway, he was appreciative of the strong belief the people reposed in swamiji and, however, decided to visit the blessed Mutt to gather any information on the lands under the control of the Mutt (the land was donated to the swamiji by the local Muslim ruler- Nabob).
Moola Vrindavana of Sri Raghavendra Teerthar. uwww.raghavendramutt org.
Emerging out of the mutt satisfied and with clear mind after his fruitful discussion with the Swamiji, Munro went back and wrote an order in favor of the Mutt and the village. He waived all the taxes on the Mutt.
This notification with respect to the Raghavendra Mutt lands was published in the Madras Government Gazette in Chapter XI, page 213, with the caption "Manchali Adoni Taluka". This order is still preserved in Fort St. George in Chennai, Tamil Nadu and Mantralayam.
|Memorial Sir. Thomas Munro, St. Mary's Church, Madras. en.wikipedia.org/|