|Amer Fort, Ganesh Gate entrance to the palace. Latticed marble windows for the women folks to watch the functions en.wikipedia.org|
|Awesome arcitecture of Amer Fanesah Gate historicaltimeofindia.blogspot.com|
The Northern states such as Rajasthan and adjacent states, several centuries ago, were quite vulnerable to attacks from other rulers. The attacks from the Muslim rulers from North West and Delhi were quite formidable. Hence, these regions ruled by various local rulers had built strong and safe palaces within the forts with strong, tall walls and giant sturdy gates.
Medieval Delhi had begun to grow around Chandni Chowk, the township adjoining the Red Fort, whereas Kolkata city came about Fort William built by the BritishEast India company in 1828 for their mercantile trading activities in East Indian region. Many small towns ranging from Jhansi to Chandragiri began to grow around forts. Satara was so named because of the seven forts that surround the Satara city. The famous Madras (now Chennai) city developed around Fort St. George built by the British in 1644 Madras, The construction of the fort gave a fillip to further settlements and trading activity, in what was originally an uninhabited land on the coastal area. Thus the modern city of Chennai city evolved around the fortress. The fort currently houses the Tamil Nadu legislative assembly and other official buildings.
|Amer Fort, Rajasthan. www.mapsofindia.com|
|Amer Fort Rajasthan. pinterest.com|
The Palace has four main sections each with an independent entry gate and a courtyard. The "Hall of Public Audience", - Diwan-e-Aam, Hall of Private audience - the Diwan-e-Khas, the Sheesh Mahal (mirror palace), or Jai Mandir, and the Sukh Niwas are some of the places in the fort worth mentioning.
The main entry is through what is called the Suraj Pole (Sun Gate) which takes one to Jaleb Chowk ( Arabic words) , the first main courtyard. This place was meant for conducting victory parades after successful battle trips which were also witnessed by the Royal family's women folk through the latticed windows. This gate, facing the sunrise hence (the name "Sun Gate"). happened to to be main entry gate so it was provided with guards. Royal cavalcades and dignitaries used to enter the palace through this gate. It was built during the reign of Sawai Jai Singh (1693–1743 AD).
|Embossed double leaf silver door entry in to the Sila Devi temple near the Ganesh Gate. en.wikipedia.org|
Ganesh Pol, or the Ganesh Gate, named after Lord Ganesha), is the main entrance into the private palaces of the Maharajas. It is a three-level structure with many frescoes that was also built on the orders of the Mirza Raja Jai Singh (1621–1627). The Suhag Mandir lies above the gate from where women folks of the royal family used to watch functions held in the Diwan-i-Am through latticed windows
|Amer Fort, Amer, Rajasthan .Latticed marble windows-inner view above Ganesh gate. en.wikipedia.org|
|27 offices within the Amer Fort.|
|Panoramic view of Amer fort from the highway including the Maota Lake. en.wikipedia,org|
|Amer Fort, Rajasthan , Fine Mirrored ceiling in the Mirror Palace. Right: Sheesh Mahal Interior.en.wikipedia.org/|
|Amer Fort, Rajasthan,Sheesh Mahal- Mirror palace.en.wikipedia.org|
01. Amer Fort is built in such a way that cool temperature prevails over it artificially created by winds that blow over a water cascade within the palace. There is a a subterranean passage which is supposedly an escape route in times of emergency for the ruler and his family members, connecting Amer palace, with Jaigarh Fort which is located immediately above on the Cheel ka Teela (Hill of Eagles) of the Aravalli range of hills.These two are part of the fort complex.
|Amer Fort, Rajasthan. Secret escape underground tunnel connecting Amer Fort and Jaigarh Fort. en.wikipedia.org/|
03. On the day of India's independence, the flag of independent India was first unfurled from the ramparts of the Red Fort by Jawahar Lal Nehru, first Prime Minister of India on the morning of 15 August, 1947. Like wise on the Independence day the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu will unfurl the national flag at Ft. St George in Chennai built by the British East India company in 1844. This tradition has been in vogue since India won the freedom from the British in 1947.
Michell, George, Martinelli, Antonio (2005). The Palaces of Rajasthan. London: Frances Lincoln. p. 271 pages. ISBN 978-0-7112-2505-3.