Friday, 25 March 2016

The Keshav Dev temple Mathura

Shri Krishna Janmabhoomi Mathura. mathuratemples.com
The Keshav Dev temple  or Krishna Deo temple is a Hindu temple situated besides the main  Krishna Janmabhoomi complex, the birthplace of Lord Krishna in Mathura; it is the place  where, it is said, that Lord Krishna appeared. It was built in Mathura over the prison which was believed to be the birthplace of Lord Krishna. In contemporary memory, it was built by Raja Vir Sinh Bundela of Orchaa, in the reign of Jehangir. The Rajput prince enjoyed a special favor with the Mogul on account of his support to Jehangir in his succession. It is  believed  to have been originally built 5000 years ago by Vajranabha, the great-grandson of Lord Krishna. 
According to a Sanskrit inscription found in Katra Keshavadeva, that in Vikrama Samvat 1150 A.D., when Maharaja Vijayapal Deva was the ruler of Mathura, a new temple built on the site of Shri Krishna's birthplace. 

 
During the rule of Chandragupta Vikramaditya second temple was built and  in 1017  and it was destroyed by Mohamad  Gazni.  According to a Sanskrit inscription found in Katra Keshavadeva, that in Vikrama Samvat 1150 A.D., when Maharaja Vijayapal Deva was the ruler of Mathura, a new temple built   on the site of Shri Krishna's birthplace by  Jajja. This temple  was visited in the 16th century by Chaitanta Mahaprabu. Unorunately again the temple was destroyed by the Delhi ruler Sikandar Lodhi inthe same century The fourth temple built by Veer Singh Dev Bundela of Orchha  during  the reign of Jehangir was destroyed by Aurangazeb in 1669. The present day idhgah occupies part of the Kesavdev temple complex. It is said that this temple faced the maximum fury of Muslim invaders from NW and had been damaged by Muslim Invaders Mohammed Ghazni, Sikander Lodi and Aurangzeb.

Vir Singh Deo during Jahangir’s time built the great temple of Keshava Rai at Mathura and a sum of thirty-three lakhs of rupees, it is believed, was spent  on temple construction. The Dehra of Keshava Rai was one of the most impressive temples ever built in India and  enjoyed the patronage  of the Hindus throughout the land.

During the British rule in 1815, regarding temple land, there was a legal battle over the ownership  between Muslim rulers and Hindu rulers. Finally it was settled in favor of the Hindu rulers of Benares. The Benares ruler bought the land from the East India company. It  was  through  the  intervention of Madan Mohan  Malavya  In 1944, a great patriot, the temple came under the management of Birla - Jugal Kishore Birla of Birla group. A private trust  was formed in 1951 to which the rights of land were later transferred.
.Krishna Deo  Temple, Mathura, Indiaen.wikipedia.org.

  Subsequently Jaidayal Dalmia of Dalmia group took l
Keshav Dev Temple, Lord Krishna Birth Place, Mathurawww.pinterest.com

keen interest to fulfill the aspirations of the local people and finally the temple was built by 1965 at the cost of Rs. 15 million rupees. Now it is being run a private trust consisting of prominent members, besides Dalmia and Birla. 

Ref:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shri_Krishna_Janmabhoomi

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kesava_Deo_Temple