|Sri Madwacharya holding sri krishna's stone idol made of saligram and his young disciples.www.poornaprajna.org|
|Ratha or Chariot in front of Sri Krishna Temple,Udipi.www.udipikrishnamutt.com|
|Navagraha kindi - nine small windows for darshan of sri. Krishna. udipi. www.salagram.net|
Sri Madhyacharya, who was born in a small village near Udipi on a Vijayadasami day in 1238 AD became an ascetic (Sanyasi) at a tender age of 12. At later stage he became a proponent of Dwaita philosophy that had considerable impact on a section of Hindu population. Before his pilgrimage to Badrinath in the north in 1317 AD (since then he never returned to Udipi), he established the Sri Krishna temple. So, Madhyacharya is the founder of this temple. His sets of rules, temple rituals, festivals and puja are still being followed by the temple administration.
|Ratha or Chariot in front of Sri Krishna Temple,Udipi.en.wikipedia.org|
Of all the Ustsavas associated with Sri Krishna temple the "Paryaya" is of great religious importance. During this time, there be a change of Acharya or chief of Mutt. Old Mutt administration will hand over the rights to administer, conduct puja, etc., to the new Mutt and its head - chief Acharya. The duration of the new Mutt's authority will be for two years only. All eight mutts will get a chance to run the temple and thus, a Mutt and its head have to wait for 16 years for their next turn of management.
In the earlier days, the duration of time was just only two months. Sawamiji Sri Vadiraj changed this rule to two years for better management of temple. This change of Swamiji and Mutt every two years is referred to as "Paryaya." This Mahautchava or great festival will be held on the 17th and 18th of January of alternate years, that is 2008, 2010, 2012 and so on.
|Sri Krishna temple main entrance,Udipi.en.wikipedia.org|
The eight Mathas established by Sri Madhwacharya are are Pejavara, Puttige, Palimaru, Adamaru, Sodhe, Kaniyooru, Shirur and Krishnapura with each Mutt headed by a chief Arharya. The head of the current Mutt and the Mutt are in charge of running the temple, its daily affairs, puja timings, temple festivals, revenue from temple properties, annual maintenance of the temple and its related buildings service to devotees free food - Annadhnam to the vistors regardless of caste, etc between 11 am to 11 pm daily, etc. Services to the lord should be done with utter devotion and commitments and will be done till the next mutt head takes the responsibilty after two years.
An interesting aspect of this traditional change of temple management under new head periodically is not being followed by other Hindu mutts such as the Ahobila mutt, A.P Sri Andavan Swamigal of Srirangam (both Vaishinava mutts), T.N., the mutts of Sankarachariar of Kanchi, T.N., Sringeri, Karnataka and Puri, Odisha. Even some Aadheenams (of Shavite mutt) in the districts of Than javur, Madurai and else where don't follow this rare tradition.