Wednesday, 2 September 2015

St.John's Church, Kolkata built by British East India company

. St John's Church - Calcutta Flickr
St John's Church Kolkata.The Victorian Web

The St. John’s Church, was completed in 1787 to serve the British population in Calcutta. Warren Hasting was the one who laid the foundation stone for the church in 1784 in his capacity as the Governor general of India. It was the first colonial building in this part of Bengal under the control of the East India company and at that time Calcutta had just become the capital of EIC's  trading operations and governance of the lands secured by them in India. There were other churches - the Armenian and the Old Mission Church. and this church happened to be the third one. It was built on a huge plot donated by Nabo Kishen Bahadur,  from a rich family in that place. Modeled after  St Martin-in-the-Fields of London, it served as the Anglican Cathedral of Calcutta (Kolkata) till 1847 when it was transferred to St. Paul’s Cathedral. It was designed by the military engineer James Agg and is made of stones and bricks. The marbles from the ruins of Gaur were used for flooring, etc.

St John's Church Kolkata._www.flickr.com

 The impressive spire is 174 feet tall and it holds a clock. It has impressive stained glass windows, memorials plagues, etc The main altar is of a simple design. Behind the altar is a semi-circular dome and the floor is of dark blue, almost black, stone. To the left of the altar  there is a beautiful painting of The Last Supper by the British artist of German origin, Johann Zoffany. On the right is a beautiful stained glass window.The walls of the church contain memorial tablets, statues and plaques, mostly of British army officers and civil servants.

The Pipe Organ of St John's Church in Kolkata. en.wikipedia.org
It is a protected monument under the control of  ASI. The length of the structure is 180m and the width is 150 m.


St John's Church Kolkata en.wikipedia.org
 
The church  along with the compound  has the following Memorial, etc:  Memorial of James Achilles Kirkpatrick, Memorial of James Pattle, Job Charnock’s Mausoleum, Black Hole of Calcutta Monument, Second Rohilla War Memorial, Charlotte Canning, Countess Canning Memorial, Francis (Begum) Johnson’s grave, etc.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._John%27s_Church,_Kolkata