Sanskrit is the foremost sacred language of Hinduism as well as the philosophical language of Buddhism and Jainism. Sanskrit, which has a prominent position in Indo-European studies, was once a lingua franca in many parts of ancient India. It is being widely used as a ceremonial language in Hindu religious functions and rituals. The foundation of India culture is based on the Sanskrit language. The world’s oldest known literary work - the Vedas that form the foundation of Hindu Philosophy and Spirituality – are written in Sanskrit. It is also a primary language in Buddhist religious practices in the form of hymns and chants. As for the west, the language has close association with Yoga practitioners and Gurus. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali written in Sanskrit is widely referred to by the Yoga teachers. It is common to see Sanskrit phrases as mottoes for various national, educational and social organizations in countries like India, Nepal and Thailand. Through out the length and breadth of India a great preponderance of personal names - particularly feminine names are in Sanskrit, ex: Deepa, Padmini, Jaishree, Srinidhi, Priya, etc. That Sanskrit is a language meant for only recitation of mantras in places of worship or rituals is not true. Once upon a time Sanskrit was the language in which all our great scientists in ancient India wrote their works. The religious literature, it is said, covers only less than 10% and as for the rest, it has nothing to do with religion.
Considered as an important Indo-European language, it was William Jones , British Judge (1780) and Polyglot, who brought to light for the first time the existence of a potential, beautiful and well advanced ancient language that was once widely spoken across the Indian sub continent.
''The Sanskrit language, whatever be its antiquity, is of a wonderful structure; more perfect than the Greek, more copious than the Latin, and more exquisitely refined than either, yet bearing to both of them a stronger affinity, both in the roots of verbs and in the forms of grammar, than could have been produced by accident; so strong, indeed, that no philologist could examine them all three, without believing them to have sprung from some common source, which, perhaps, no longer exists''.
Sir William Jones for the first time in 1786 suggested in his book '' The Sanskrit Language" that Greek and Latin were related to Sanskrit and perhaps even Gothic, Celtic and Persian languages were related to Sanskrit. His detailed studies ultimately led to the theory called PIE - Proto-Indo-European language, meaning all Indo-European languages including Sanskrit had their origin in an unheard of language. Max Muller, scholars like Voltaire, Immanuel Kant etc believed that Sanskrit was the root of all Indo-European languages. Voltaire said ,''I am convinced that everything has come down to us from the banks of
|Max Muller aged 30. en.wikipedia.org/|
Francois Gautier, correspondent in South Asia of Le Figaro, France's largest circulated newspaper says:
"Sanskrit is the mother of all languages, and it could become the unifying language of India, apart from English, which is spoken only, by a tiny minority. "Sanskrit ought still to have a future as the language of the learned and it will not be a good day for India when the ancient tongues cease entirely to be written or spoken", admonished 50 years ago Sri Aurobindo, India's great Sage and Seer.
Below is a list of English words, most probably derived from Sanskrit or PIE (Proto Indo- European). Though the origins of certain English words is still a subject of debate, general consensus among Scholars is Sanskrit has close link with European languages with common origin.
Sanskrit Median word Derived
root Greek(G),Arabic(A) English
------------- ------------------------- ---------------
Agni-fire Ignis Fire , Igneous Gau Bous cow
Matr Mater (L) Mother
Jan (Generation) Genea Gene
(Navigation) Navigationeum Navigation (L)
Sarpa (Snake) Serpentem(L) Serpent
Naama- Name Nomen Name
Ashta (Eight) Octo (L) Eight
Danta (Teeth) Dentis (L) Dental
Devas divus (divine) god
Dwar ( Door) Doru Door
Kri - do Creatus (L) Create
Madhyam Medium (L) Medium Medium
Pithr Pater (L) Father
Loka Locus (L) Locale
Mala (Dirt/Bad) Malus (L) Malicious,
Matra(Dead) Mortis (L Murder
Na (No) Nocturnalis (L) Nocturnal
Nava" Novem Nine
Paad (Foot) Pedis (L Pedestrian , Peda
Pancha Pente (G) Penta
Patha (Path) Pathes (G Path
Raja Regem King
Sama - Similar Similis (L) Similar
Sharkara - Succarum Sucrose Sugar
Vachas (Speech) Vocem (L) Voice
Vahaami-Carry Vehere (L) Vehicle
Vastr (cloth) Vestire (L) Vest
Narangi (orange) Naranj Orange
Pippali-Pepper Piperi (G) Pepper
Nava (New) Novus (L) Nova
Kafa (Mucus) Coughen Cough
Thrayas -Three (G) Tres(L) Three
Samiti-Committee committere Committee
Sama -Same Samaz
(Proto Germanic) Same
(Word tabulation based on an article By Gurudev
Dec 29, 2009)
Aniline - German: Anilin, French: Aniline and Portuguese: Anil from Arabic al-nili and Persian nila, ultimately from Sanskrit नीली nili.
Aryan - Latin Ariana, from Greek Areia, ultimately from Sanskrit आर्य Arya-s "noble, honorable"
Asana - Maldivean probably ultimately from Sanskrit अन्तला antala.
Avatar - from Sanskrit avatāra, meaning "descent", an avatar refers to the human incarnation of God during times of distress on earth. Ex: Krishna and Rāma avatars of Vishnu,
Beryl - Old French beryl, via Latin beryllus, Greek and Prakrit (veluriya) ultimately from Sanskrit वैडूर्य vaidūrya, of Dravidian origin, maybe from the name of Belur.
Brinjal - Persian badingān, probably from Sanskrit bhaṇṭākī.
Cheetah - Sanskrit chitra-s "uniquely marked".
Cot from Hindi khaat "a couch", which is from Sanskrit khatva.
Crimson - Old Spanish cremesin, via Medieval Latin cremesinus, from Arabic qirmiz "a kermes", which is ultimately from Sanskrit krmi-ja literally: "red dye produced by a worm."
Interim - Latin interim, ultimately from Sanskrit antarim, which means "intermediate".
Juggernaut from Odia Jagannatha ultimately from Sanskrit जगन्नाथ jagat-nathas , which means "lord of the world
Jungle - Hindi jangal "a desert, forest" ultimately from Sanskrit jangala-, which means "arid".
Jute - Bengali jhuto ultimately from Sanskrit juta-s, which means "twisted hair".
Loot - from Sanskrit lota-m or luṇṭhati meaning "he steals" through Hindi लूट which means "a booty, stolen thin
Saccharo- Latin Saccharon and Greek from Pali sakkharā, ultimately from Sanskrit sarkarā.