Sunday, 27 September 2015

Cosmic dancer Shiva' s unusual shift in his dance posture!!

Raised right leg.Brass Unique Nataraja Statue 10"www.lotussculpture.com

Nataraj, the dancing form of Lord Shiva,.hinduismdecoded.blogspot.com

Lord Shiva is often referred to as Nataraja (in Sanskrit  means "Lord of dance"), the cosmic dancer. There are are thousands of temples in India dedicated to Lord Shiva, the God of destroyer. He is a great dancer and his various forms of dances are depicted by Indian classical Bharatnatyam dancers and such colorful, exciting  and  rhythmic dances with correct foot movements in tune with the music and beat are a feat to watch.The icon of Nataraja is symbolic of Indian culture originated in the early Chola period

Dance of Shiva in Tillai (Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu), forms the motif  for all the depictions of Shiva as Nataraja.   His divine  dance  personifies destruction of universe on one hand and creation with the help of Brahma on the other. Simply it means as the Lord of Dance, Nataraja (Shiva), performs the tandava, the dance in which the universe is created, maintained, and dissolved.  Shiva's long, matted hair, usually piled up in a knot, get loosened during the dance and crash into the heavenly bodies, knocking them off course or destroying them utterly. He dances in such a way he maintains a perfect balance between destruction and creation. The two most common forms of Shiva's dance are the Lasya (the gentle form of dance), associated with the creation of the world, and the Tandava (the violent and dangerous dance), associated with the destruction.

The sculpture of Shiva is usually made in bronze, with Shiva dancing in an aureole of flames, lifting his left leg (or in rare cases, the right leg) and balancing over a demon or dwarf (Muyalaka) who symbolizes ignorance. In most temples the bronze idols of  Nataraja's  are shown with raised  left  foot.


There are five Cosmic Dance Halls of Shiva in Tamil Nadu.  1. The Natarajar shrine in the Sundareswarar temple in Madurai is referred to as the Velli Sabhai or the Rajata Sabha – the Hall of Silver. 2. The Golden Hall or Kanaka Sabha at Chidambaram. 3. The hall of Rubies or Ratna Sabha at Tiruvalankaadu. 4.  The Copper hall or Taamra Sabha at Nellaiappar temple, Tirunelveli. 5. The Chitrasabha or the hall of pictures at Kutralam. Nataraja is said to have performed  Ananda Tandavam (dance of bliss) at Chidambaram. In all these dances, one can see the lord lifting the left foot with his right foot firmly on the ground.

The unusual feature about the Lord's idol at Meenashi temple,  Madurai, Tamil Nadu is the shift of his leg, that is dancing with his raised right foot while balancing on the left foot.  The hall where he danced with lifted right foot is referred to as Rajata Sabha. Hence,  it is called Kaal maari aadiya patalam,'' The legend has it the Lord danced with his right foot raised  on the request of Pandya King by the name of Rajasekhara, a great devotee of Shiva. The king was very much concerned about the lord's balancing act  while dancing with permanently grounded right foot that might cause him pain. Hence the lord himself made the shift from left foot to right foot.


Personally I have been to  lots of Shiva temples in Tamil Nadu and also in Karnataka and Kerala. I have never seen an idol with a raised right foot, the exception being the Nataraja idol in the shrine at Meenashi temple, Madurai.