|St. Angelo’s Fort, Kerala. S.India www.hoparoundindia.com|
|St. Angelo’s Fort,,Kerala. India www.flickr.com|
This historical fort facing the Arabian sea saw several battles over the ownership of this fort and it also silently witnessed the victory and defeat of many rulers just like the ebb and flow of the sea waters in the Arabian bay. The local Indian ruler Zamorin and Kolathiri made a futile attack on the fort - 1507. Alfonso de Albuquerque who superseded Almeda as the Governor General, was arrested by the latter in this fort; however, his arrest did not last till October 1509. The fort saw a change of ownership in 1663 and the Dutch became the masters of that area. They modernized the fort by constructing bastions such as Hollandia, Zeelandia and Frieslandia. Later King Ali Raja of Arakkal in 1772 bought the fort from the Dutch. In 1790, the British, who were on a land grabbing spree, laid their hands on this fort by seizing it by force from the local ruler. During this period, the British East India company under the patronage of the British Crown was a major force to reckon with and they had already captured many parts of India, of course, by dubious means!! Till they left the Indian shores for good in August, 1947, the British used this fort as their major military station.
|St. Angelo’s Fort,,Kerala India|
The major attractions in the fort are the adjoining bastions, massive triangular in design, built by the Dutch and the moat that runs around the monument. This protected monument is under the control of the Archaeological Society of India. Though some architectural features were redesigned by the Dutch and the English later, the overall design of this fort is an example of Portuguese architecture. There is a huge thick wall separating the saline sea water of the Arabian Sea from the inland water.
The small island of Dharmadom, 100 meters off the coast is spread over an area of about five acres in the Arabian Sea, providing a breath taking view of St. Angelo's Fort in the back drop of amazing sunrise and sunset.
|St. Angelo’s Fort,moat.Kerala Indiaen.wikipedia.org/|
This historical fort can be accessed by road, train and air. The nearest railway station is Kannur, just 3 km from the Fort. The nearest airport is Karipur International Airport Kozhikode, 93 kms away from the fort.