Saturday, 25 April 2015

Indian thugs, end of notorious killers - British India.- Indian Thugs 04

Lord  W. Bentinck (1774 - 1839) & Col. H. W. Sleeman (1788 - 1856) Gov. General of

 Though  the cult group  of  Indian thugs  had  been  active  since  13th century,  no  Indian  ruler had any clue whatsoever about  their  modus operandi  and  their organizations  until  the  arrival  of  the British  on  the  Indian scene.

As  the  British   East  India   company  was  very  busy  with  their  expansion  of  trade  on  one  hand, and   land-grabbing   from  the  Indian  Maharajahs  and  Nawobs  on  the  other  hand, the  ''thuggee  issue''  was  a big  hurdle  and literally  they  were  bogged  down  by it. Handicapped  by  lack  of  police  force, they  were  unable  to  come  up  with a proper  way  of dealing with the dangerous thugs. Because  the  entire  operations  of  thugs were  based  on  secret  code of  language  and  perfect  coordination   under  a  leader; something  like  secret mafia  operations  of  USA  and Sicily. British company  officials  did  not create  a police department,  as there  was  no  necessity  to  do  so. The  thuggee  operations  were  successful  because  of  absence  of  an efficient  law  enforcement or some kind  of security  forces  for the protection of  travelers. 

Thug and the loot. ClipartFest

It  took a  long   time for  them  to find  out  the  mystery  behind  the  disappearance  of  thousands of innocent  travelers  in  the  bordering areas of  jungles of  India. A great  deal  of  investigation  such  as  inquiry, gathering  information, tailing suspicious characters, etc was done. But it  was  not  good enough

The British, at last,  got a major break  through in  the mystery, when  they received several reports on the accidental discovery of innumerable mass graves  in the wooded, remote areas  across  northern India  slightly away from  the  frequently traveled routes. The  farmers  or farm  workers reported  that  they   frequently ran in to  several dead bodies buried  in the  fields or in  abandoned wells. However, the matter was  not  given  serious attention in the beginning. Each site, it was reported, had piles of  decomposed  bodies, skeletons of  only male individuals (no children and no women) ritually murdered  in  one  particular  way - strangulation. An  another  surprising  fact  was  the burial  of  bodies  in the  same fashion with utmost care. The  same pattern  was  followed in all regions and  the burial places  almost in areas  slightly  were far  away  from  the  frequently  traveled  routes. Further, invariably most of the wooded areas  were bordering  the heavily  wooded  jungles (if suspicion arose, the culprits  could slip and hide in the jungle). A kaleidoscopic  pattern  emerged  that led  to  the  positive  conclusion. 

Now, it  waconfirmed  that  the mind-boggling killings  were  done by  groups  or  gangs  of  obnoxious  thugs of  some tribes across northern India,  For the British, who had been groping 
in the dark, the break-through was a blessing in disguise and  immediately  they got  into  serious investigation - detailed  data  on  their organizations, cult, where and how  they carried  out  their  criminal  activities,  contacts, their modus  operandi, etc.  

Sir William  Henry Sleeman, superintendent, Thuggee and  Dacoity Dept. in 1835, was a  Bengal Army officer, who,  from  early  on  dedicated  his career  to  the get rid  of  thuggee. Later, he became  its Commissioner in 1839  and took  serious  efforts  to get rid of the criminal gangs.

The British  adopted  the  following  methods  to put down  the  activities  of  thuggee:


  01. They  gathered  complete  details  on their criminal activities - travel routes, areas of activities, gangs involved, etc.
02. They informed all the  British areas  and their borders  about the thuggee activities.

03.  Details  of  their techniques to hoodwink the gullible were  circulated  among  the  travelers  and  long  distance  travelers were  advised  to be  extra careful  with  strangers  who  would  feign to be nice and take  the  listener  for a ride - ultimately to  their grave.

04. Names and detailed information on the travel routes frequented by the thuggee.

05. They  pried  out  as  much  information as possible from  the  captured  thugs  such  as  size of groups,their secret codes or signal, time of attack, methods of coordination, behavior of gang after attack, disposal of victims, etc. 

06. The  Thuggee  and  Dacoity Department, introduced special  tribunals  and  a  police  force  for  smooth conduct  of  criminal  proceedings  without any interruptions  from local  influence.

At  that time Indian  rulers  as  well  as  big  land owners  were  terribly  upset  over  the  way British took  over  their  lands. The Indian  soldiers  resented  oppressive and discriminatory attitude of  the British  officials. So, some  local  chieftains  tried  to  protect  the thugs, who, themselves hated British rulers. The chieftains  unfortunately, were  nor aware that the thugs were really serial killers. 

The credit   goes  to  East  India  company  officials -  William Bentinck, Governor-General of India, and his chief captain William Henry Sleeman  in  the  1830s  who  really  worked  hard  to  put down  the  worst  criminal  gangs  in  the  world  who   in  the name  of a Hindu  Goddess  formed a cult  and  killed  innocent  travelers  in  tens  of thousands. By 1870,  the  cult  became  inactive  and extinct. However, the  British  introduced  Criminal Tribes  Act (CTA)  of  1871 and pathetically  hundreds of  law-abiding  tribes  were  clubbed  within  the  Criminal Tribes Act (CTA) of 1871. Consequently countless innocent tribes carried the tag of "thug" and stoically suffered a lot.

 Glad  the  British had succeeded  in  liquidating the Indian  thugs for good in  the  late 1800's. As far as patriotic Indians  were  concerned, they  very much resented the  fate  of  being  ruled  by  foreign  rulers  who had plundered  and  exploited  the Indian sub continent as much as they could for more than  200 years, besides  creating  worst famines  in Bengal and other places during  their period  that  saw  the  painful  death  of  millions of impoverished Indians. In the early 1940, Prime Minister Winston Churchill wantonly diverted the ships carrying food grains to Calcutta when Bengal was in the grip of the worst famine and in the aftermath millions of Bengalies  became emaciated and died of starvation. This  disgusting act of Churchill, the famous India baiter was much worse than those murderous thugs of  British India.  Was it India's karma to get humiliated by people like Churchill, who had neither respect for the colonial people nor for Christ?