.Queen Victoria. ruby-pendants.blogspot.comThe Timur ruby, part of the British Crown Jewels is an un-faceted, 352.5 carat polished red Sp inel gemstone set in a necklace of Oriental inspiration in 1853 by the Royal jeweler Garrard. The necklace was then lengthened in 1911. However, the most valuable necklace had never been worn by any British Royal member. Until 1851 it was regarded as the largest known ruby in the world and only later it was found out it was not ruby, but was only a Spinel gem stone. Jahangir Shah, the Mogul Emperor of India, got this famous ruby as a gift from Shah Abbas, his buddy in 1612.
|The Timur Ruby of Indian origin in the British Crown.www.silvershake.com|
Timur Ruby had spent 60 years locked away in obscurity, and it was finally recognized by the inscriptions carved on the gem. The longest of the six inscriptions is written in Persian: "This is the Ruby from the twenty-five thousand genuine jewels of the King of Kings the Sultan Sahib Qiran,(also known as Timur) which in the year 1740 A.D. from the collection of jewels of Hindustan, reached this place (Isfahan)." Timur, a direct descendant of Mongol emperor Genghis Khan, until his death in 1405 A.D had annexed more lands than anyone in history. He acquired the gemstone during his 1398 raid on Delhi in India, hence its name the Timur Ruby.
After the assassination of Nadir Shah in 1747, the administration of the slain king's kingdom was in disarray, Ahmed Khan Abdali, commander of Nadir Shaw's huge army captured Shah's vast jewelry collections, including Timur ruby and Kohinoor diamond, etc and settled in Afghanistan. After his death, Timur ruby and Kohinoor diamond fell in the hands of Shah brothers. One of them Shah Shuja-ul-Mulk 1810 after killing his brother escaped to Lahore, Punjab where he was given asylum by Raja Ranjit Singh of Punjab. Later, driven by greed, Raja Ranjit singh himself became the owner of Kohinoor diamond and also Timur ruby after forcefully capturing them from Shah Shuja.
|The Timur Ruby of Indian origin lotusgemology.com|
Thus the British Crown became the permanent owner of the most famous (actually infamous) precious stones including large Timur Ruby which is actually a Spinel via the ‘The British East India Company,' a trading company established by Queen Elizabeth I in 1600. This company, during their misrule in India under the blessings of the British Crown, literally not only swindled India's rich Maharajas and Nawobs but also drove the Indian people to face abject poverty, dejection and emancipation. The Timur Ruby and other precious stones left the shores of India for good from Bombay on the 6th of April, 1850 and formally handed over to Queen Victoria in a ceremony held on July 3,1850, at Buckingham Palace by Sir J. W. Logg, Deputy Chairman of the East India Company, in the presence of Sir John Hobhouse. The Timur Ruby is now in the private collection of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. The Timur Ruby was officially cataloged as a “short necklace of four very large Spinel rubies.”
Yet another infamous gemstone - the Timur Ruby (Spinel), was added to the Queen’s jewelry inventory, the other being the Koh-I-Noor diamond.
Encyclopedia Britannica 2006.
Hughes, R.W - The Rubies and Spinels of Afghanistan.A brief history 2004.