Friday, 5 December 2014

Sanskrit-computer-friendly language

sanskrit-the mother language.
 Rick Briggs' paper published in AI Magazine. makes a case that natural languages are not that difficult to use for computer programming. He cites Sanskrit as an example. He is of the opinion:
''…...Understandably, there is a widespread belief that natural languages are unsuitable for the transmission of many ideas that artificial languages .…......But this dichotomy, which has served as a premise underlying much work in the areas of linguistics and artificial intelligence, is a false one. There is at least one language, Sanskrit, which for the duration of almost 1000 years was a living spoken language with a considerable literature of its own among the accomplishments of the grammarians can be reckoned a method for paraphrasing Sanskrit in a manner that is identical not only in essence but in form with current work in Artificial Intelligence.....''
Forbes Magazine in 1987 reported that the root of Indo – European Indo-Germanic languages - Sanskrit is most suitable for computer software. Among all the ancient languages the Grammar and Philology of Sanskrit is the most accurately documented in one of the best written Grammars ever viz, the Panini's Ashtadhyay and its complements the Artikas of Katyayana and Patanjali's MahbhaShyam. Its grammar is such that it can be used to build Natural Language Interfaces to Computers. Much research needs to be done in this regard. 
Many Germanic languages and their grammatical structure and intonations have close similarity with Sanskrit which has preserved the the best of Indian cultural ethos. Both Sanskrit is exceedingly rich in literature dating back to more than 1200 years. Max Muller was a great scholar in Sanskrit. He was one of the scholars who introduced Sanskrit and its vast rich heritage to the western world. This language offers evidences with respect to migration of human race across Asia and Europe.  Whether it is computer friendly or not numerous Indian languages have their roots in Sanskrit. Among the Indian languages, Tamil, a well developed ancient language of Dravidian group has least influence of Sanskrit, a classical language

. Many languages spoken in other countries come under the broad spectrum of Indo-European or Indo-Germanic languages.

Knowledge Representation in Sanskrit and Artificial Intelligence by Rick Briggs