Monday, 1 December 2014

Nawob Qasim,not a puppet of the British-take over of Bengal


Nawob Mir Qasim in the harem.Bengal. flickr.com
 The East India Company was very keen to take complete control over Bengal and it had to cover several miles to get to the destination. Undaunted, they kept moving towards the target despite hurdles on the way which ought to be cleared with skill and tactics.With timely approach, one by one they got them out of their way.
On the death of Sadiq Ali Khan (Mir Miran), the eldest son of Nawab Mir Jafar, the traitor and puppet of the British, his soldiers demanded their pay which had fallen into arrear for some years and started a rebellion. They besieged the Nawab in the Chihil Satūn Palace, and cut off supplies of food and water to make him come to terms with them. Now, he was in a deadly snake pit. Mir Qasim Khan, upon knowing his father-in-law's crisis and predicament, decided to take advantage of the opportunity knocking on his doors to come to power. At the same time the British were waiting for the right moment to pull Jaffer down the throne and in his place they were bent on installing Mir Quasim who, they were sure, would toe their line.

Qasim tunnel,Munger, India  bangladeshnews7.com
MirQasim on the way to become Nawo. wikipedia.org
 Mir Qasim Khan, in cahoots with Jagat Seth and the English made a few manipulations and became the Nawob of Bengal(1760 to 1763) as per the treaty of 1760. Qasim showed his gratitude by way of showering lots of costly gifts on the British; the British got Midnapore,Chittagong and Burdwan areas to maintain the British army for the benefit of Qasim's administration.
Having settled down and enjoyed all the bebefits of his position as the Nawob, he decided to pay attention to his rule. Unlike Jafer, Qasim was a talented and smart man. The British slowly started poking their nose in very section of the Nawob's office and frequently demading money and costly gifts. Qasim wanted to take administrative decisions on his own and too much interference fron the British forced him to move his capital from Murshidabad to Munghyr so that the British would leave him alone.
As for the British traders not only did they violate the trade agreements but also engaged in illegal trades which put a lot of strain on the Native merchants who were paying heavy taxes.

He had frequent confrontations with the British and refused to co-operate with them and, now, they realized that Qasim won't go along with them and he was a major road block to achieve full control over Bengal. At last they made up their mind to get rid of him and decided to go to war with him using some pretexts.  

Ref:
wikipedia,org 
murshidabad.net