|Battle of plassey June,1757 Bengal. wikipedia.org|
|Battle of plassey,Bengal,India. visitthepat.com|
The continued enmity between the Nawob, the capture of Ft.Williams and the resultant black Hole incident finally forced the British to wage a war against Siraj who had better and superior military force. Under this circumstance Robert Clive, who along with Admiral Charles Watson recaptured Ft William,Calcutta and also the French settlement at Chandranagore, decided to go after Siraj only after making him weak and helpless. He defeated Nawob signed a treaty known as ''Alinagar treaty ''(January,1757) which restored full trading rights without taxes,their captured fort,etc besides minting rights and not supporting enemies of the British.
Robert 'Commission' Clive, who started out as a clerk at the very bottom of the rung in the company at Madras, now Chennai, had finally managed to secure strategic and timely support from Mir Jafer (in whom he found a sucker), a close associate and a relative of the Nawob and other dissidents. Siraj-ud-dailah, the Nawob of Bengal promoted somebody below Mir Jafer's rank in the administrative hierarchy as Diwan superseding him. This was unreasonable act on the part of Siraj, but the resulting dejection and hatred led Mir Jafer to take revenge on Siraj, without realizing the pros and cons and the future impact on his motherland. Sensing the rulers strength and weakness, Clive decided to topple the Nawob off the pedestal of power through conceit and deception.The British went into a conspiracy with Jafer and other dissident Amirs in the ruler's administration. As per the agreement Jafer and his associates were to be mere mute spectators and would not fight in the war as agreed upon before. Under the pretext of breach of treaty and supporting the French by the Nawob, Clive and his army fought a war at a place called Plassey. Siraj was at last defeated in the battle and later deposed. After this major victory company's territorial explosion accompanied by exploitation was unstoppable.
|Positions of two armies.Batlle of plassey,1757,Begal,India. wikipedia.org.|
'' But so large a sovereignty may possibly be an object too extensive for a mercantile Company ... I flatter myself ... that there will be little or no difficulty in obtaining the absolute possession of these rich kingdoms: ... Now I leave you to judge, whether an income yearly of two million sterling with the possession of three provinces ... be an object deserving the public attention ......''
Note: Robert Clive pointed out in a plain, prosaic language…...... ''how it is easy to squander or rip off the little rich Indian kingdoms and strip the exalted Indian Maharajahs, Nawobs and their royal higher-ups down to their under garments, nay to their raw bone.......""
After victory at Plassey Robert Clive became more popular than ever before regarding East India company matters in the sub continent. At last the British Crown recognized his leadership, bravery and his innate ability to take proper decision on the spur of the moment.