The most famous monument of Tiruchirapalli city, Tamil Nadu, South India whose recorded history begins in the 3rd century, is a massive outcrop that rises 83 meters above the flat plains where the Cauvery delta region begins. It is the one of the two massive outcrops in the otherwise flat land of the sprawling city, because of this Tiruchirapalli is often called the rock city. It is basically a historical monument and the temple complex was built on ancient rocks of Archean age.
|Rock Fort Vinayakar temple, Tiruchrapalli,www.breezeresidency.com|
|Rock Fort Vinayakar temple, Tiruchirapalli,www.www.flickr.com|
|old photo of rock fort, Tiruchirapalli,: LinnaeusTripe1858.oldindianphotos.in|
This region witnessed numerous fierce historical battles among various rulers. The decisive Carnatic War here saw the British power well established in south India. The British troops were led by none other than Robert Clive, the man who later masterminded the take over of the huge Bengal province and adjacent states after the Battle of Buxer. Clive fought against the French forces led by Gov. Dupleix and Nawob Chand Shaib. Clive lived in this city for a brief period. There is a hostel being run by St. Joseph college, Trichy and it is a famous land mark in the main market area. It was here the British gained a foothold in Tamil Nadu and later other parts of South India. The fort palace was a mute spectator of the transfer of power from Queen Meenakshi of Madurai Nayak dynasty and Regent to Chanda Sahib, whose alley was the Kingdom of France. He lost this command when his uncle, the Nawab of the Carnatic along with the British, fought a tough battle and took control of the fort and the region after the Carnatic wars. Thus the British established their supremacy here.
|Bell tower, on the rock fort, Tiruchirapall. www.pinterest.com|
|Tiruchirapalli city, Tamil Nadu.Tiruchian - WordPress.com|
There are numerous temples in and around this city and the world famous Kallanai - roughly 2000 year old water-diversion dam built by the great Karikala Chola is just nearby. Thousands of people visit Kallanai - Grand Anaicut, oldest dam in the world. During the British rule Engineer Caldwell strengthened the dam and used it as model for his other projects.