|First Anglican church (St. Thomas cathedral, Mumbai.tourmyindia.com|
|Fine metal work.St.Thomas cathedral, Mumbai. victorianweb.org.|
|Mumbai (Bombay). St.Thomas Cathedral, interior wikipedia.|
|St. Thomas Cathedral, c.1905 Bombay, India. en.wikipedia.org|
Controlled by the Cathedral and John Connon School, the 300 year old St. Thomas cathedral, now located near Flora Fountain in Mumbai (Bombay) is the first Anglican church in this western part of India. It was established in a small place. by the 2nd Governor Gerald Aungier within the walls of fortified British settlement. The foundation for the proposed neo-Gothic styled church was laid in 1676 in a place called Bombay Green but the consecration for the church services was held only in 1718 after a lapse of some decades for various reasons, one being the unexpected death of Gov. Aungier.
Between 1716 and 1718 Chaplain Richard Cobbe completed the construction work of the church and since then it has been functioning as an Anglican church. In 1816, however, it was dedicated to the apostle St. Thomas by the Bishop of Calcutta Thomas Middleton. Only in July 1837, it became a cathedral with the concurrent appointment of Thomas Carr as the Bishop of Bombay. A UNESCO (Asia-Pacific) recognized heritage site, it is a beautiful cathedral with well embellished interior containing eye-catching brass, glass work, plaster of Paris with arch shaped windows and 'cannon-ball-proof' terrace. The colorful stained glass windows depict St. Thomas, portraying him and reminding visitors of his great contribution to Christianity. In 1838 the tall tower and the clock at the western end of the church were added to the existing structure. The arrangement - the three vaulted roof "supported by two pillars and pilasters on each side," the decoration at the east, with the semi-dome of the apse, and the communion table that ca be accessed by 3 steps is similar to that of St Paul's in London; Despite long time since its inception the cathedral is in good shape and 'its congregation is now best characterized as "protestant cross denominational," Since 1970 it has been under the CNI - the Church of North India Other Protestant Churches"cme under its fold.
|Tablet at the entrance Image: The Bombay ProjectCulture Trip|
|St.Thomas Cathedral Mumbai, Marble memorial stone. alamy.com|
| St. Thomas Cathedral Mumbai. victorianweb.org|
|St. Thomas Cathedral, Mumbai.timesofindia.indiatimes.com|
|1833 Lithograph. St. Thomas cathedral, Mumbai India.victorianweb.org|
01. Sir Frederick Lewis Maitland :
|Capt. Frederick Lewis Maitland (1815)en.wikipedia.org|
As for his Indian assignment, he worked with the EIC army during its raid from Bombay towards Afghanistan in February 1839, and over saw the landing of troops and supplies. When he came to know of disturbances at Bushehr, with the help of Marines, he evacuated the resident and his staff, leaving the rioters unpunished. For this act, the Anglo-Indian press came down heavily on him for having failed to punish the trouble makers.
While on board the Wellesley at sea, Maitland died on 30 November 1839 off the coast of Bombay (aged 62). He was buried at Bombay and a monument was built by subscription to his memory at. Thomas cathedral. His wife, Lady Maitland, died in 1865 at Lindores,
Captain George Nicholas Hardinge:
|Capt George Nicholas Hardinge. en.wikipedia.org|
He was buried with full military honors and monuments to his memory were built in St. Thomas Cathedral, Bombay and St Paul's Cathedral, London.
Bishop Thomas Carr:
|Memorial, Bishop Thomas Carr. St.Thomas Cathedral,Mumbai en.wikipedia.org|
Son of Thomas Carr and Catherine Wilkinson, he had his education at St John's College, Cambridge. Initially, Carr was Chaplain in the service of the East India Company in 1817 and was appointed to the archdeaconry of Bombay in 1833. Consecrated by the Bishop at Lambeth Palace Chapel on 19 November 1837. Installed in Bombay on 25 February 1838. In St Thomas Cathedral, Mumbai there is a nice monument to Carr - a recumbent effigy of Thomas Carr designed by British sculptor Matthew Noble. Memorial,
Memorial to officers and crew of steam ship Cleopatra:
|Cleopatra steam ship. victorianweb.org|
Cleopatra was a steam operated wooden paddle sloop launched in 1839 (weight 760 ton; its rated engine capacity 220hp.). Commanded by lieut. Young, it sank off the Malabar coast on 15 April 1847 facing the powerful SW Monsoon. The ship was transporting 100 convicts from Bombay to Singapore. with a crew of 15 including 9 officers. The plaque contains the names of nine officers and mentions about the 142 other crew members, but there is no mention of the 100 odd convicts.
|St. Thomas cathdral, memorial to Duncan.victorianweb.org|