|MundesvariDevi Temple Bihar :silentpagesindia.blogspot.com/|
|Mundesvari Devi Temple, Bihar en wikipedia.org|
Kaimur plateau near Son River, about 7 miles north-west of Bhabua is Mundeshwari temple. It is the oldest monument in Bihar and the earliest model of Nagara style of temple architecture. This temple. in the last couple of decades, has become popular and ever year the number of devotees coming to this temple is on the increase - now around 12 to 14 lakhs. The annual festival called ''Mundeshwari Mahotsava'' is a huge attraction and lots of devotees from various parts of this state take part in the festivities that include dance, drama recitals by well-known artists. The actual location is Kaura in Kaimur district on the Mundeswari Hills. It is a protected monument being managed by the ASI (since 1915).
|Ramgarh,Bihar location map. /www.map|
The Primary deities in the sanctum - garbagriha of the temple are that of Devi Mundeshwari and Chaturmukh (four faced) Shiva linga. However, the main deity is the consort of Shiva - Devi Mundeshwari - deified inside a niche, which is seen with ten hands holding symbols riding a buffalo. These attributes suggest the form of Mahishasuramardini. The other deities present here are Ganesha, Surya and Vishnu. For unknown reasons, countless stone structure are damaged and strewn and the fragments are seen strewn around the temple premises.
|Mundesvari Devi Temple, Bihar inscription en wikipedia.org|
The unique aspect of this temple is the rituals and worship protocols have been performed and followed without a break for centuries, as it happens to be a temple of great antiquity - since ancient time. Obviously the temple is being visited by a large number of pilgrims each year; the Ramnavami, Shivratri festivals bring in more devotees. A big annual fair (mela) is held nearby during the Navaratri festival that is attended by thousands. The ''tantric'' cult of worship is followed here as the goddess in Shakti form is Devi Mundeshwari
This temple was restored and renovated under the direction of
the Archaeological Survey of India on instruction from the Union Ministry of Culture. The tough works included the removal of soot, layers of dust, etc from the temple interior via a chemical treatment, repair of damaged idols, besides cataloging and documentation of scattered fragments for later reuse. The installation of solar powered lighting, displays for antiquities and improvements of public amenities were the additional work done to get more visitors. The state government set aside Rs 2 crore to improve access to the temple.
P C Roy Choudhury, historian and archaeologist says “.........
this temple appears to have been left unmolested when
Muslim rule under Sher Shah was set up in this area. The neighboring Chayanpur fort was one of the citadels of Sher Shah and the Muslim pockets in the neighboring villages suggest that a much larger Muslim population had lived in the area when Muslim rule was predominant. The ravages to Mundesvari are not man-made but due to the passage of time.”
The temple might have already been in a state of ruin due
to poor upkeep, disrepair over a period of time, and this dilapidated condition of the temple failed to get the attention of the Muslim invaders; hence the temple survived the onslaught.