|Bihar: Mundesvari temple. navbharattimes.indiatimes.com/|
|Mundeswari temple. navbharattimes.indiatimes.com|
|temple bells Mundesvari temple, Kaimur village Bihar. templepurohit.com|
There are temple inscriptions and Dr. Panigrahi observed the mentioning of three names in them, namely Narayana, Vinitesvara and Mandalesvara. Historians Buchanan and Martin mentioned about a story according to which Munda, the brother of Chanda, had established the Goddess Mundesvari. The real history of this famous shrine is a matter of discussion and the general belief among people has been that the Goddess was established by Munda.
Panigrahi, who did considerable research on this ancient temple is of the view this place of worship had seen “three periods of religious activities. 01. When Vaishnavism was in its heyday here this shrine was dedicated to lord Vishnu/Narayan, 02. When Shaivaism sect ruled the roost in this region, this place of worship was converted into a Shiva temple dedicated to Viniteshwara, 03 . Subsequently when Shaktism gained popularity and accepted by the people, it became a Shakti temple with goddess Mundeshvari, as the main deity. The latter transformation took place perhaps under the Chero kings, who were Saktas.
|Four faced Shivalinga. Mudesvari temple sanctum kaimur. Biharnic.in|
|GoddessMundeswari Bihar, navbharattimes.indiatimes.com|
Interestingly, a few years back noted BHU historian J S Rai accidentally found a Ceylonese seal close to the Mundeshwari temple. The pyramid-shaped stone seal with inscriptions in Brahmi script along with photograph. He mentioned them in his article in a Numismatic Society of India journal of 2004. Historians are of the opinion the seal mentioned above was like a passport for Ceylonese pilgrims for their easy access and safe passage during their long journey to various Buddhist pilgrim centers in various kingdoms in India. Experts believe that earlier routes to Buddhist centres at Kushinagar in Uttar Pradesh and Kapilvastu in Nepal were via Mundeshwari temple in Bihar's Kaimur district.
It is said the it was Maharaja Dutthagamani (101-77 BC) who had built a great stupa and a large gathering of priests attended its consecration ceremony in the Mundeshwari hills . The ruler happened to be a independent king of Ceylon (Sri Lanka) and was a patron of Buddhism. The discovery of a royal seal in 2003 of the Sri Lankan ruler Maharaju Dutthagamani (101-77 BC) at the site was an important milestone in the history of this temple. It shows that the temple dates back to several centuries. The seal was sent to sampooranand Sanskrit university at Varanasi for further investigation and the linguistic experts came up with their observation : The seal belonged to "Maharaju Duthgamini", who according to "Mahavansh Granthawali" in Buddhist literature, belonged to Anuradhapur dynasty and ruled Ceylon between 104-77 BC.
|.Shakti and Tantra. facebook.com|
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