Monday, 23 March 2020

Let us remember with gratitude Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, & Rajguru who were executed by the British today in 1931

remembering Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, & Rajguru twitter.com
Above image:   On this day in 1931, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, & Rajguru were hanged to death in Lahore Jail by the British for their revolutionary activities. 23 March is observed as Martyr’s Day across the country to remember these patriots & their ultimate sacrifice for the nation. They made supreme sacrifice for our freedom..........................................
remembering Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, & Rajguru twitter.com
Though we are busy and preoccupied in the midst of  fighting corona virus pandemic that is taking on the world by storm, we should not lose sight  one of India's young and courageous freedom fighter
Shaheed Bhagat Singh who, on this day (March 23, 1931) was hanged to death in Lahore jail by the British Raj when he was just 23 years old.   Reason:  Popularly known as Shaheed-e-Azam  he was found guilty of killing a British police officer.  No doubt he later became a  folk hero of the Indian independence movement, a symbol of  valor and patriotism.  Indeed he is a great martyr and revolutionary freedom fighter and to  him ''Revolution is an inalienable right of mankind. Freedom is an imperishable birthright of all.''  No doubt he even today continues to inspire generations of patriotic Indians. The other revolutionaries who died with him were Shivaram Hari Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar on March 23, 1931.   Bhagat Singh, through his courageous exploits against the unjust British has found a permanent niche in the Indian history of  ''freedom struggle''.
/swagcaptions.com
Born on 28 September, 1907 in Banga village of Faisalabad district (previously called Lyallpur) now in Pakistan’s Punjab to a Sikh family,  right from his early age  Bhagat Singh, had developed strong patriotic zeal  and he totally hated the British who squandered India's vast resources  for more than two centuries  to improve Britain's shattered economy. In that process  they pushed  a fairly good  and surplus country with 23 GDP  to a wretched nation with a GDP less than 3 when they left the Indian shores in August, 1947.  Their Machiavellian administrative policy of ''divide and rule''  saw the birth of two nations  on a sad note (a million plus people were killed on both sides on communal line) - one based on democracy - India and the other based on religion - theocratic Pakistan. The latter whose economy is on the verge of collapse right now is the major  exporter of  Muslim terrorists and jihadists to other countries  to indulge in mayhem and bloodshed and killing. 
Jallianwala Bagh's  massacre.himalaiiasclasses.com
The Jallianwala Bagh's  massacre masterminded by Brig. Gen. Reginald Dyer  had a deep impact on his personality at the age of 12  and that made Bhagat a revolutionary. Least interested in school education,  Bhagat Singh  at the age of 13  had  an overwhelming focus on Indian Independence and was part of many revolutionary groups whose common goal was to free India from  the shackles of oppressive foreign rule.
Bhagta Singh, freedom fighteren.wikipedia.org/

In December 1928, Bhagat Singh and an associate, Shivaram Rajguru, after a long plan,  fatally shot a 21-year-old British police officer, John Saunders  in Lahore, British India. Their target was actually James Scott.  Saunders  died on the spot  by a single shot from Rajguru, a marksman.  Saunders was then shot several times by Bhagat Singh, the postmortem report showing eight bullet wounds in his body. Why did Bhagat choose James Scott?  Indian nationalist leader Lala Lajpat Rai was a popular leader across India and when he led the protest march against the Raj,  Scott ordered a lathi charge and  Rai was  seriously injured;   two weeks later he  died of a heart attack. Saddened by his unexpected death, Bhagat Singh and his associates wanted to shoot Scoot to death, a sort of revenge against him for killing a senior national leader, Rai, a fatherly figure for many.  His other  associate and a member of the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), Chandra Shekhar Azad (3 July 1906 – 27 February 1931), shot dead an Indian police constable, Chanan Singh, who  was  in pursuit of Singh and Rajguru as they fled.
hanged by the Raj: 23 Mar.1931. Bhagat Singh, twitter. com
Bhagat Singh refused to marry and when his parents insisted,  he ran away from home  to Kanpur. He told his parents that "if I will marry in colonial India, where British Raj is there, then my bride will be my death.''  Bhagat Singh coined a powerful slogan ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ which became the slogan of India’s armed struggle. While in jail, Bhagat Singh had fasted for 116 days, but he struck to his daily chores -   singing, reading writing books, visiting court every day.  He did not want to be hanged and preferred to be  tied before a cannon to be shot.  When the noose was put around his neck before hanging there was no semblance of  fear or nervelessness. The entire nation mourned his death. However, certain Indian national congress leaders did not approve of the violent path chosen by him to get freedom.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhagat_Singh
https://www.financialexpress.com/india-news/bhagat-singh-birthday-pm-narendra-modi-bows-to-freedom-fighter-says-his-greatness-inspires-generations-of-indians/873971/
https://dailytimes.com.pk/220377/bhagat-singh-not-a-terrorist-but-a-freedom-fighter-says-acs-punjab/
https://www.jagranjosh.com/general-knowledge/lesser-known-facts-about-bhagat-singh-1506577168-1