Wednesday, 25 March 2020

Heavy stress will shorten life expectancy

Stress, believe it or not, to a certain extent,is  good for all of us  because it will give us a push/ a sort of kick start  to  reach your  anticipated goals. However, because of certain reasons over which you have no control, it does cross the threshold, then  it will begin to show up on you. You become unmotivated and mentally fatigued.  The damage caused by unregulated stress can affect a person  physically and emotionally. The causality is a person's efficiency and image that may take a beating. However, the affected  person can come out of the closet if the stress levels are at the manageable level. A simple and cheap  method is physical exercise for 30 to 40 minutes a day  on a regular basis. It will balance your emotional upheavals and get rid of  bad stuff in your hormones. Once you have been a regular exerciser, you body system is automatically  getting tuned-up to face any stressful situation with considerable ease.
Unlike way past, say three or four decades ago, when people did not experience that much stress, in the last one decade or so no person is free from a stressful life. Part of the reason is competitive job along with  lack of job security, traffic jams, environmental degradation, lack of peace in marital life, so on and so forth.  Researchers have  come up with a different perception with respect to a person's longevity. It is  not only influenced  by the traditional lifestyle-related risk factors, but also by factors related to a person’s quality of life, such as heavy stress. 

The journal BMJ published the study  that was based  on data gathered  from men and women aged 25 to 74 in the Finnish National FINRISK Study.  This was done through  selected questionnaires and measurements from 1987 to 2007.  The workers kept a check on  the rate of mortality until the end of 2014.  Obviously,  the research involved the effects of multiple risk factors, including lifestyle-related ones to the life expectancy of men and women.

This study made a unique approach on life-expectancy. No emphasis is given to conventional parameters - such as  
few socio-demographic background or groups,  age, sex, and education.  Researcher Tommi Harkanen from National Institute for Health and Welfare in Finland  mentioned,  ''in this study, we wanted to assess the impact of several different factors to a person’s life expectancy, so we could compare their effects.” Only parameters like  the BMI, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels were allowed to be changed when the values related to lifestyle factors were changed.
For a 30 year old man the factors that shorten the mortality rate  are

smoking and diabetes. The former takes away 6.6 years and the latter 6.5 years out of their life expectancy. The stress factor  will further reduce life expectancy by 2.8, according to the findings. In addition to it,  the research clearly stated that lack of exercise  will cut down mortality by 2.4 years. The positive aspect is  consumption of fruits and veg-rich diet  may increase life expectancy by 1.4 years and  0.9 years respectively. The findings apply both to men and women. 

As for  30-year-old women if she has smoking habit, it will take away  5.5 years of her life expectancy,  diabetes  5.3 years, and heavy stress  2.3 years. The effects on the life expectancy of older people were similar but smaller than in younger age groups.
Differences between the life expediencies of men and women are governed  by risk factors that can be changed, according to the researchers.
Based on the study it is revealed that
the life expectancy of 30-year men and women was based on the same risk factor values;  how small the difference in the life expectancy  counts more - only 1.6 years,” said study researcher Seppo Koskinen.
The risk factor is also dependent on social position of men and women. The crux of the matter is  lots of  lifestyle choices  are available  that may  impact  mortality; good habits would increase longevity.  Bad habits such as smoking, heavy alcohol use, unhealthy diet, and lack of exercise, are most common in the population groups whose social position is the weakest, the study said. In this group at stake is their mortality unless, they change their life style and get into a positive mode.