Sunday, 23 February 2020

Vegetarian diet cuts cadiac risks!!

An EPIC-Oxford study (2019) analyzed the follow-up results of risks of ischemic heart disease and stroke including hemorrhagic types in meat eaters, fish eaters, and vegetarians over  a span of 18 years up to 2016. The work  was supported by the UK Medical Research Council MR/M012190/1 and Well come Trust.

The results were recorded in  2820 cases of ischemic heart disease and 1072 cases of total stroke (519 ischemic stroke and 300 hemorrhagic stroke). After adjusting for socio-demographic and lifestyle con founders, fish eaters and vegetarians had 13% (hazard ratio 0.87, 95%)  lower rates of ischemic heart disease than meat eaters, respectively.  This difference was equivalent to 10 fewer cases of ischemic heart disease (95% confidence interval 6.7 to 13.1 fewer) in vegetarians than in meat eaters per 1000 population over 10 years. The associations for ischemic heart disease were partly attenuated after adjustment for self reported high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, and body mass index (hazard ratio 0.90, 95% ) in vegetarians with all adjustments). By contrast, vegetarians had 20% higher rates of total stroke (hazard ratio  than meat eaters, equivalent to three more cases of total stroke  per 1000 population over 10 years, mostly due to a higher rate of hemorrhagic stroke. The associations for stroke did not attenuate after further adjustment of disease risk factors.

From the study conducted in the UK, it is quite clear that fish eaters and vegetarians had lower rates of ischemic heart disease than meat eaters, although vegetarians had higher rates of hemorrhagic and total strokeIn the case of hemorrhagic and total stroke the reasons given are different ......(
Reducing meat-intake and following plant based diet is  beneficial to health and it reduces the risk of heart related ailments according to a study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology in Feb, 2020. The changes can reduce the adverse effects of  the microbes in the gut having close link with cardiac diseases.  The human digestive tract  houses  a community of bacteria  called gut microbiota that play an important role in our metabolism, nutrient absorption, energy level and immune response. When  one of the chemicals in the gut digests nutrients in animal products  such as red meat, metabolite (TMAO)  which is related to increasing heart diseases is the main culprit. On the other hand, in the case of veg diet, it can reduce the  amount of TMAO produced in the body.
The New Indian Express, Tiruchy Edition dated  Feb 1920;
page 16: ''Vegan diet cuts hear disease risk.''