Saturday, 15 February 2020

Fasinating Tereschenko diamond - famous blue diamond stolen from India's Hindu temple!!

Tereschenko diamond  gem-a.com/news-publications/news-blogs
Tereschenko diamond  indianetzone.com
Among the valuable gem stones, diamonds, the hardest of all,  are expensive and they rule the roost in the jewelry industries. The trend has not yet changed.  In the case of world famous dazzling diamonds mostly from the Indian subcontinent, they always get the attention of the rich and and famous world over despite their huge price tag and curses. Invariably, most of them  were stolen from India's historical Hindu temples - places of divinity. The 20th century is an interesting period  and many famous diamonds surprisingly emerged from the mysterious shadows  and the  veil of anonymity  and the lack of  history of  early owners appear to be a riddle. The myth and  the  twisted past add zest to them and their price. 
Among the diamonds that saw the light after a long spell of time in the last century, the Tereschenko diamond is an interesting one. This pear-shaped  blue stone with many color shades mined in the Kollur alluvial deposits of the Krishna river (then under the Golconda ruler; now in Andhra State) has found a home in Russia and its weird journey to such a far off place from India is a riddle. Obviously, it was a stolen one.  
first owne of blue diamond. Mikhail Tereschenko, Russia en.wikipedia.org
Above image: Mikhail Ivanovich Tereshchenko (18 March 1886 -1 April 1956) was the foreign minister of Russia from 18 May 1917 to 7 November 1917 (N.S.). Born rich, he was a major Ukrainian landowner, the proprietor of several sugar factories; he was also a and a financier. After the February Revolution of 1917, Mikhail Tereshchenko was appointed Minister of Finance of the Provisional Kerensky Government. In April 1917, Tereshchenko was known to support the Ukrainian government that led to the establishment and recognition of the General Secretariat in Ukraine 1917.  The political  situation, having become volatile, on the night of 26 October, Mikhail Tereshchenko was arrested in the Winter Palace with other ministers of the Provisional Government and placed into the Peter and Paul Fortress while his office was temporarily held by Anatoly Neratov. In the spring of 1918, Tereshchenko  managed to escape from prison and fled to Norway with the Tereshchenko blue diamond. Later he  soldit  in 1984 for $4.6 million through  Christie's  auction house. ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mikhail_Tereshchenko)   ..................

The Tereschenko family  happened to be  first owners of this diamond. They made a huge fortune in sugar industries;  the blue diamond is named after the family.  Mikhail Tereschenko in 1915, sought the help of  a famous international  jeweler Jacques Cartier from the place of Vendome, Paris  to set the stone as the centerpiece in a necklace made with an assortment of fancy-colored diamonds. The blue diamond has different shades of ultramarine,  sultana-green, grey, blue, etc. Surely,  the necklace consisting of this fine blue diamond was an attractive one  with gentle shinning and radiance.  At that point of time Mikhail Tereschenko  had been  the minister of foreign affairs.  

True to  the Indian proverb ''every thing on this earth is transitory'', Tereschenko  never thought he would lose his post so soon in 1917 just before the Russian Revolution.  Prior to that the owners removed the  diamond  for financial security reasons  and smuggled it out of Russia and sold it to a private buyer. It was in 1884, this fancy blue  diamond resurfaced after a long gap at  an auction conducted by  Christie's in  Geneva. Then it was the fourth largest diamond in the world. The auction saw  a big competition among the rich to get a hold on this classic diamond from Kollur. On November 14, 1984 at Hotel Richmond one Robert Mouawad, a famous Lebanese jeweler. emerged victorious and he paid  a whopping sum  10 million Swiss francs i.e. £3,180,000 for it. No doubt, It was a record price for a diamond ever.
This blue  diamond  first weighed roughly 150 carats, the largest blue diamond in the world; later it was cut to sizes in 1673 in the French town. After the cut the other  blue diamond ''Hope'' weighed 44 carats which belonged to the French Crown.  After the French revolution, the Hope diamond  went to England and later to the USA.  It is said in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, the blue diamonds were stolen from the  Hindu temple. They were in the eyes of  an idol  of the goddess Sita, consort of God Rama, the seventh Avatar of Vishnu, and were then shipped to Europe.  Next  to the Hope diamond it is a fine compact diamond and carries a good price on it at present. It is yet another famous diamond mysteriously left the shores of India centuries ago.
https://www.indianetzone.com/6/tereschenko.htm https://www.langerman-diamonds.com/encyclopedia/history-of-natural-color-diamonds/famous-color-diamonds/tereschenko.html
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tereshchenko_diamond