|Deepavali greeting. abplive.in/|
|Deepavali greetings pressroom.toda|
|Diwali festival. lighting in a Hindu temple. deccanchronicle.com|
Though it is a one day festival, preparations begin a few days before the main ceremony. They include purchasing of dress, jewelry, etc for the family members, buying or preparing mouth-watering sweets, savories, etc. ''Dhanteras'' refers to annual renewal, cleansing and an auspicious start of the next year. It marks the thirteenth day of the dark fortnight of Kartik and the beginning of Diwali and festivities begin on this day and will will go on in the next few days or more. It many states it is a 5-day celebration as follows:
01. First days is Dhanteras or the day of wealth and fortune.
02. Second day is Naraka chaturdasi or the days of knowledge.
03. Third day is Diwali or the day of light.
04. Fourth day is Annakut or the beginning of the new year for Hindus.
04. Fifth day is Bhai Duj or the day of sharing affection among siblings.
Taking non-vegetarian food during festive days is a taboo among Hindus and is fully avoided during Diwali. The newly married couples normally get priority and receive special gifts from their parents and in-laws as they will be celebrating this festival for the first time after their wedding. The tradition of giving special gifts to the newly weds has been around for centuries. The festival day coincides with the darkest night of the Hindu lular month ''Kartika''. In the Gregorian calendar, the festival generally falls between mid-October and mid-November.
In many states, the tradition has been that people get up in the early morning and take a sort of ritual oil bath (applying gingely oil all over the body; normally it is done by elders) before sunrise, put on new dress and light fire-crackers. Particularly for kids and children, it is the most joyous occasion to savor sweets and light fire-crackers. In some states, Hindus worship Goddess Durga (Kali), especially in East India, in the south God Sri Krishna and in the western states Goddess Lakshmi (Goddess of wealth). In the case of families connected with business or trade. 'Lakshmi puja' is quite popular and many of them will open a new business account afresh, invoking Goddess' blessing on this day. Normally, in all homes, at dusk rows of oil lamps are lit up and kept in the front part of the house or inside to welcome Goddess Lakshmi and to get rid of negative forces. Unlike other festivals, Hindus do not observe fasting during this festive event, rather they feast and share the food, etc with others. In many community centers, temples etc poor people are offered free food. Sharing food with the poor and needy is part of this festival. Countless people send donations to orphanages that take care of the orphans and others.
|Diwali festive mithai (sweets),en.wikipedia.|
www. sharingourexperiences.com/why-do-we-celebrate-diwali-in-ndia-how-to-explain-the-significance-of-diwali-festivals-of-light-to-your-child/#why-do-we-celebrate-diwali-festival https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diwali