Tuesday, 13 August 2019

Inspiring ''Pura Ulun Danu Beratan'', Lord Shiva's temple in Bali Island, Indonesia

 temple complex, at the edge of Lake Bratanali Island, Indonesia. en.wikipedia.org

Pura Ulun Danu Bratan compared to 50,000-rupiah banknote,Indonesis, wikipedia .
Pura Ulun Danu Beratan, or Pura Bratan, a major Hindu temple  dedicated to Lord Shiva is in the island of Bali, Indonesia. Often referred to as a floating temple, it is located on the shores of Lake Bratan in the mountains near Bedugul. Water temples serve  the people in the entire region  and there are many water temples downstream  specific to each area or irrigation association (subak). A popular tourist destination for Asians, Australians  and westerners, the 50.000 Indonesian Rupiah note features the Ulun Danu Temple. Owing to inflation, it is said that it is exactly what it will cost you to meet the entrance fee.
 Lake Bratan is  a main source of irrigation in central Bali  and this temple was Built in 1633, for the main purpose of  offerings ceremony to the Balinese water, lake and river goddess Dewi Danu, as an expression of their gratitude.  The 11-storey pelinggih meru, as it is called,  in the complex, is dedicated to Shiva and his consort Parvathi. Often referred to as Bali temple on the lake because it looks like it is floating  on water, when the Bratan river water rises. There is a Buddha's statue enshrined in this temple.
 

This amazing Balinese temple is located about 1200 metres above sea level in Lake Beratan, pretty much in the middle of Bali Lake Bratan is known as the Lake of Holy Mountain due to the fertility of this area. It has a cold tropical climate and the entire area, I am told, is full of greenery and offers a fine, quiet ambiance . You will be in peace with yourself, drawn away from the noisy, polluted urban jungle. The reasons for the popularity  are  temple  floats when the water is full and the serene surrounding that will inspire the visitors to go into a reverie free from stressed life. Surrounded by mountains, the thick fog plays hide and seek here in certain times.  

Tit-bits:
God of wisdom -Saraswati, Bali Island. /en.wikipedia.org/
 Above image: A Balinese-style sculpture of the Hindu deity Saraswati installed by the Indonesian government. Though the main religion is Islam, Indonesia gives due importance to their basic culture and countess Indonesian names are liked to Sanskrit. 
The National emblem of Indonesia is called Garuda Pancasila. Garuda, the carrier or vahana of Lord Vishnu, who appears in many ancient Hindu temples of ancient Indonesia. Garuda Pancasila was designed by Sultan Hamid II from Pontianak, supervised by Sukarno, and was adopted as the national emblem on 11 February 1950.
God  Ganesa symbol of a university in Bali, www.google.com
Above image: One university in the island of Bali, Indonesia has Ganesha as a symbol.
Bali is a Hindu majority island (>80%).

20000 rupiah Indonesian currency note with Ganesa symbol. www.google.com
According to 2010 census, Hinduism in Indonesia, is practised by about 1.7% of the total population, and by more than 83% of the population in Bali.  Hinduism is one of the six official religions of Indonesia and it came to Indonesia in the 1st-century through traders, sailors, scholars and priests. A blend of pre-existing Javanese culture and Hindu ideas, gave rise to Buddhist ides after 6th century and it evolved as the Indonesian version of Hinduism which survived  during the Srivijaya and Majapahit empires. Around 1400 CE, as happened in India prior to 13th century  these kingdoms were raided by  Muslim armies who under threats forced the natives to convert to Islam.  Hinduism  and Buddhist concepts vanished like the willow-the wisp from the Indonesian Islands.

It was the Sunni Muslim traders of the Shafi'i fiqh, as well as Sufi Muslim traders from India, Oman and Yemen brought Islam to Indonesia.
Marco Polo, about 1297 AD referred to  a new community of Moorish traders in Perlak.THe also mentioned that the earliest  Islamic community lived in the midst of the Hindus of Indonesia. The 15th and 16th centuries,  saw a Muslim campaign led by Sultans  who attacked Hindu-Buddhist kingdoms and various communities in the Indonesian archipelago, with each Sultan trying to seize a region or island for control. Four diverse and contentious Islamic Sultanates emerged in north Sumatra (Aceh), south Sumatra, west and central Java, and in southern Borneo (Kalimantan). As it was their custom, the Sultanates declared Islam as their state religion and waged war against each other as well as the Hindus and other non-Muslim infidels
colorful Hindu rituals of Bali-one of island's attraction, wikedepia.
 Presently, in this Muslim-dominated country, Hinduism  was politically forced to adapt. Currently Hindu Dharma iis
A child dressed up for a festive Hindu dance in Ubud, Bali.wikipedia.
one of the five officially recognized monotheistic religions in Indonesia.  Strongly rooted in Indian culture, Lord Ganesha is a mark of wealth and prosperity in Indonesia. Being a secular country, The tolerance extended to Hinduism in Indonesia is commendable and other Muslim countries around the world should follow the example of  Indonesia

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pura_Ulun_Danu_Bratan
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hinduism_in_Indonesia