|Tipu Sultan, Seringapatam captivity of Mangalore Christians. en wikipedia org.|
|Hyder Ali had a close relationship with Mangalorean Catholics. en wikipedia org.|
|Mangalore city map, Karnataka, S. India.ftd.travel|
|Built by Tipu. Idgah mosque, Mangalore en.wikipedia.org|
The long march from Mangalore to Srirangapatne began on
Ash Wednesday 24 February 1784, Tipu herded them to his capital at Seringapatam. In the same year, he also pulled down 27 churches including the Milagres Church. During the long march to Srirangapatnam in the most painful and stressful time, twenty thousand Christians died with no basic medical care. It is
reported that they poignantly underwent extreme hardships, persecutions, torture and death. Many Christians were forced to convert to Islam and the Mangalore Christians, with no hope to get free almost faced near extermination. The dungeons in the fort were used by Tipu to imprison Hindus and Christians who did not convert. When Srirangapatnam came under the control of the British after Tipu's death at the Battle of Seringapatam on 4 May 1799, during the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War, of the 60,000–80,000 Christians captives, only 15,000–20,000 remained alive
and retained their original faith. The bi-centennial anniversary of the Christians' release from captivity was celebrated across the region on 4 May 1999.
Catholics under the Mangalore Diocese, are referred to as Mangalorean Catholics who are are Konkani people whose mother tongue is the Konkani language. Unfortunately the records of South Canara's Christian community were lost during the tumultuous time of their deportation by Tipu in 1784. Though it is not known when Christianity came to Canara for the first time, however it was after the arrival of the Portuguese in 1498 when de Gama landed on St Mary's Islands in South Canara and planted a cross there in 1500s,the Cristianity had taken roots there After the Portuguese explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral arrived at Anjediva in North Canara with eight Franciscan missionaries, conversion began and in 1526, during the viceroyship of Lopo Vaz de Sampaio, the Portuguese captured Mangalore and soon Portuguese Franciscans began slowly spreading Christianity in Mangalore. As for Mangalorean Chritians, originally many of them were ''Saraswat Brahmins'' who were forced by the Portuguese to convert to Christianity during the Goa inquisition. These converts, to avoid threats and persecution left Goa for good and settle down in Mangalore in the 16th century.