Monday, 15 July 2019

Ships named ''Hindostan'' owned by the British in the 19th century - a brief note

 It is the Persian name for India, broadly the Indian subcontinent, which later became an endonym used in Hindi-Urdu. Hindustan is used as a geographic term for the Indo-Gangetic Plain in northern India. The name 'Hindustan' does not have constitutional sanction by  the Constituent Assembly of India, whereas 'Bharat' was adopted as an official name. However, that 'Hindustan' would continue to be used unofficially across the Indian subcontinent.

SS Hindostan (1842) en.wikipedia.org
A number of ships were named Hindostan or Hindustan, after the old name for the Indian subcontinent and they were owned by the British Shipping companies. The following are some well-known ships 150 years ago.
clipground.com
Slave ship.  cartoonstock.com

hutterstock.com
Hindostan (1819 ship) :
She was launched by William Barnar, Hindostan was launched at Whitby in 1819. She made one voyage, in 1821, transporting convicts to New South Wales. Later, she made two voyages transporting convicts to Van Diemen's Land, one with female convicts (1839), and one with male convicts (1840–1841). When not transporting convicts Hindostan was a general trader, sailing across the Atlantic, to India, and perhaps elsewhere as well. She was lost in 1841.d of Deptford on 3 November 1789 as Hindostan. Hindostan appeared in Lloyd's Register (LR) in 1820 with Williamson, master, Herring, owner, and trade London–Calcutta. She sailed to Calcutta on 25 January 1820 under a license from the British East India Company (EIC).
Hindostan foundered in the Atlantic Ocean on 27 August 1851. Nine of her sixteen crew went down with the ship. Survivors took to a boat and were rescued on 27 September by the schooner Martha Greenow. She was on a voyage from Whitby to Quebec City, Province of Canada, British North America. Ship owned by Christian Richardson & Co.

SS Hindostan (1842): It was a P&O side paddle-wheel steamer that swent down  in a cyclone in Calcutta in 1864 while employed as a store ship. First carried mail from Southampton to Calcutta (sept. 24, 1842) First mail service  in India via sea

The passage to India required larger and sturdy  ships that could stock  more coal and bigger engines capable of withstanding the monsoon season in the Indian Ocean.

The first P&O ship to go to India was the Hindostan which left Southampton on 24th September 1842 and arrived in Calcutta 91 days later. Built in Liverpool under the watchful eye of Charles Wye Williams, she was over 2,000 tons and ten times the tonnage of William Fawcett. Built in Southampton shipyard, it was built to withstand windy  SW monsoon accompanied by heavy winds and rains. 
Designed for the bimonthly Suez to Calcutta service, Hindostan could carry 102 First Class passengers (and their servants) in addition to the mails and cargo. The passenger cabins were in the centre of the ship  to avoid the effect of pitching and rolling  on the high seas. Her sister ship Bentinck, launched a year later, boasted cabins with marble-covered basin stands, mirrors, drawers and writing desks together with a ‘gorgeous’ gilded saloon and a well-stocked library.

SS Hindostan (1863): It was built for British & Eastern Shipping Co., which sold her in 1873 to the New Zealand Shipping Co. That company renamed her Waitara. She sank in 1883 following a collision with Hurunui in the English Channel, with a loss of 20 lives.


SS Hindostan (1869): It  was a P&O steamer that was wrecked on a reef near Madras in 1879.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindostan_(ship)
http://www.poheritage.com/our-history/timeline/a-new-ship-for-india